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Barnard Y.,ERTICO ITS Europe | Koskinen S.,VTT Technical Research Center of Finland | Gellerman H.,Vehicle and Traffic Safety Center
21st World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems, ITSWC 2014: Reinventing Transportation in Our Connected World | Year: 2014

In this paper we will describe how a platform is being developed for sharing data collected in Field Operational Tests (FOTs). In these tests often a huge amount of data is gathered about driver behaviour and the interaction between drivers, vehicles, ITS, infrastructure and the traffic environment. These datasets are often only partly analysed, because of targeted research goals and lack of resources. They may be of great value for other organisations and researchers in order to answer further research questions and to determine the impact of wide-scale use of ITS. The paper will describe a how a European platform for enabling data sharing and data re-use is being developed.

Mendoza-Vazquez M.,Chalmers University of Technology | Mendoza-Vazquez M.,Vehicle and Traffic Safety Center | Brolin K.,Chalmers University of Technology | Brolin K.,Vehicle and Traffic Safety Center | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Crashworthiness | Year: 2013

Finite-element human body models (FE-HBMs) can be used to evaluate restraint systems by predicting thoracic injury. The biofidelity assessment of an FE-HBM Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS) 50th percentile male occupant and the characterisation of its rib response to loads from frontal car crashes are the objectives of this study. The rib-cage mesh of THUMS version 3.0 was refined to improve the shoulder-belt interaction, material properties of lungs and skin modified, and the model biofidelity assessed against tests representative of frontal crashes. The modified THUMS response improved with respect to the baseline model. The modified THUMS was used to analyse the rib loading in frontal impacts. The rib response included shear, torsion and bending in belt and airbag-like load cases. This indicates that a criterion based only on rib anteroposterior compression may not be enough to predict fractures and that a criterion should consider compression, torsion and shear. © 2013 Taylor and Francis.

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