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Juyal D.,Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical science and Research Institute | Thaledi S.,Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical science and Research | Thawani V.,Lata Medical Research Foundation
Education for Health: Change in Learning and Practice | Year: 2013

A case report is a description of a clinical case that has unique features. It may include a previously unreported clinical condition or observation of a disease, a unique use of imaging or diagnostic tool to reveal a disease, a new therapeutic intervention of a known disease, a previously unreported complication of a disease, or a new adverse event from a medication. A case report should be crisp, focused, and include few figures and references. A case report generally has a short unstructured or no abstract, a brief or no introduction, a description of the case, a discussion and a brief conclusion. Case reports are valuable sources of new and unusual information that may stimulate further research and applicability to clinical practice. Writing case reports properly is important if they are to be accepted by journals and credible and useful to readers. Source


Garg R.,Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical science and Research Institute | Deepti S.,Government of Punjab | Padda A.,Government of Punjab | Singh T.,Government of Punjab
Breastfeeding Medicine | Year: 2010

Objectives: Irrespective of the fact that breastfeeding in India is almost universal, psychosocial and cultural barriers still exists to early breastfeeding. The exact reasons for this delay are not clearly known. Hence we conducted this study to assess breastfeeding knowledge and practices and the factors influencing them among women in rural Punjab, India. Methodology: We interviewed 1,000 women in a community-based analytical cross-sectional study that was carried out in 20 villages of the District of Amritsar, Punjab, India, in 2005-2006 by standard cluster sampling. Time at initiation of breastfeeding and variables like understanding about the importance of colostrum, nutrition during lactation, and motivation by health workers were assessed. Statistical analysis was done by percentages compared with the χ2 test. Results: Two hundred twenty-five respondents (23.8%) started breastfeeding their babies on the first day of birth, but in terms of early breastfeeding only 128 (13.5%) respondents put their babies on the breast within 4 hours of birth. Of the 1,000 respondents, 356 (35.6%) of the respondents were unaware of the importance of colostrum, 733 (77.6%) were not given advice on benefits of breastfeeding/weaning, and 306 (33.5%) of respondents had not increased their diet during lactation. Conclusions: Early breastfeeding knowledge and practices were suboptimal among the mothers in rural Punjab. Health education on breastfeeding and nutrition remains the dark area. Research and public health efforts like one-to-one "breastfeeding counseling and health education on nutrition" to the mother by health workers should be promoted. © 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source


Goel R.K.,Hind Institute of Medical science | Bhati Y.,Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safderjung Hospital | Dutt H.K.,Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical science and Research Institute | Chopra V.S.,Santosh Medical College and Hospital
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science | Year: 2013

The study was done to find out the current prescribing pattern in this tertiary care teaching hospital in Ghaziabad. The study was carried out at Santosh Medical College and Hospital over a period of 3 months. A total of 500 prescriptions were collected and analyzed. Total number of drugs prescribed was 1450 out of which 564 drugs were prescribed by generic names. Average number of drugs was 2.9. 327 drugs were fixed dose combinations while only 595 were from essential drug list. The mean number of drugs per prescription should be as low as possible otherwise there is increase risk of drug interaction, bacterial resistance, non-compliance and increase in cost The prescribing practices are more of irrational types like polypharmacy, use of vitamins and injections, less number of drugs by generic names and lesser drugs from Essential Drug List. There is an urgent need for some interventions to improve the situation. © 2013 Goel RK et al. Source


Juyal D.,Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical science and Research Institute
Education for health (Abingdon, England) | Year: 2013

A case report is a description of a clinical case that has unique features. It may include a previously unreported clinical condition or observation of a disease, a unique use of imaging or diagnostic tool to reveal a disease, a new therapeutic intervention of a known disease, a previously unreported complication of a disease, or a new adverse event from a medication. A case report should be crisp, focused, and include few figures and references. A case report generally has a short unstructured or no abstract, a brief or no introduction, a description of the case, a discussion and a brief conclusion. Case reports are valuable sources of new and unusual information that may stimulate further research and applicability to clinical practice. Writing case reports properly is important if they are to be accepted by journals and credible and useful to readers. Source


Saxena A.,Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical science and Research Institute | Thawani V.,Lata Medical Research Foundation | Chakrabarty M.,PGIMER | Gharpure K.,Government Medical College
Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics | Year: 2013

Worthiness of any scientific journal is measured by the quality of the articles published in it. The Impact factor (IF) is one popular tool which analyses the quality of journal in terms of citations received by its published articles. It is usually assumed that journals with high IF carry meaningful, prominent, and quality research. Since IF does not assess a single contribution but the whole journal, the evaluation of research authors should not be influenced by the IF of the journal. The h index, g index, m quotient, c index are some other alternatives to judge the quality of an author. These address the shortcomings of IF viz. number of citations received by an author, active years of publication, length of academic career and citations received for recent articles. Quality being the most desirable aspect for evaluating an author's work over the active research phase, various indices has attempted to accommodate different possible variables. However, each index has its own merits and demerits. We review the available indices, find the fallacies and to correct these, hereby propose the Original Research Performance Index (ORPI) for evaluation of an author's original work which can also take care of the bias arising because of self-citations, gift authorship, inactive phase of research, and length of non-productive period in research. Source

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