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Thathapudi S.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | Kodati V.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | Erukkambattu J.,Kamineni Academy of Medical science and Research Center | Katragadda A.,Anu Fertility Center | And 3 more authors.
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers | Year: 2014

Background: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) appears to be linked with hyperandrogenism (HA), increased insulin resistance (IR), and obesity (Ob), which were common features noted with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Our aim was to study the role of TNF-α in the pathogenesis of IR and Ob in PCOS, as well as a C850T (rs1799724) polymorphism in the promoter region of the TNF-α gene, in a group of 204 PCOS patients and 204 age-matched healthy controls. Results: Significant differences were observed between PCOS patients and controls. All the PCOS had elevated body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, fasting insulin, homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) score, and serum TNF-α when compared with controls (p<0.05). Genotype distribution for the C-850T polymorphism was observed with the frequency of the variant T allele being 0% in the PCOS group and 9% in the control group (p=0.0032). Conclusions: In conclusion, our present results suggest that the TNF-α system might contribute to the pathogenesis of HA, Ob, and IR in PCOS independent of a polymorphism of the TNF-α C850T (rs1799724) in our population. © 2014 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Govatati S.,Osmania University | Chakravarty B.,Institute of Reproductive Medicine IRM | Deenadayal M.,Infertility Institute and Research Center | Kodati V.L.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | And 3 more authors.
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers | Year: 2012

Aim: To investigate the role of loss of heterozygosity (LOH), single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and the expression of gene p53 in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Methods: LOH at the p53 gene locus (17p13.1) was examined in matched ectopic and eutopic endometrial tissues from 31 endometriosis patients by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-GeneScan analysis. The genotyping of selected p53 SNPs (n=10) was carried out on genomic DNA of blood from endometriosis patients (n=720) and controls (n=500) by PCR sequencing. The p53 expression levels were analyzed in the endometrial tissues from endometriosis patients (n=5) and controls (n=4) by Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis. Results: LOH was observed at the 17p13.1 locus (38.7%) in the ectopic endometrium but not in the eutopic endometrium of patients. The genotype (p=0.909) and allele (p=0.729) distribution of the p53 codon Arg72Pro polymorphism was not significantly different between patients and controls. The polymorphism was not observed at codon 47 along the other SNPs studied. There was no preferential loss of either "Arg72" or "Pro72" alleles among the LOH-positive heterozygous cases. In addition, decreased p53 expression was observed more often in the endometrium of patients than in controls. Conclusions: p53 SNPs are not associated with endometriosis in Indian women. However, LOH and reduced expression of p53 are related with the risk of endometriosis in Indian women. © 2012 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Govatati S.,Osmania University | Kodati V.L.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | Deenadayal M.,Infertility Institute and Research Center | Chakravarty B.,Institute of Reproductive Medicine IRM | And 2 more authors.
Human Reproduction | Year: 2014

STUDY QUESTIONAre mutations in the phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) gene associated with endometriosis?SUMMARY ANSWERLoss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the 10q23.3 locus, PTEN somatic mutations and changes in the levels and distribution of proteins in the PTEN-PI3K/Akt signal transduction pathway are associated with endometriosis.WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADYEndometriosis has a strong genetic basis. Recent genome-wide association and linkage studies have reported a significant association of endometriosis with 7p15.2, 9p21 and 10q23-26 loci. PTEN, which maps to 10q23.3, acts as a tumor suppressor gene through the action of its phosphatase protein product, phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN). This phosphatase is involved in the regulation of the cell cycle, and mutations of PTEN are a step in the development of many cancers.STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATIONA total of 1252 subjects of Indian origin (endometriosis patients = 752; controls = 500) were recruited to participate in this case-control study. Recruitment took place from 2001 to 2009 at Institute of Reproductive Medicine (IRM), Kolkata, India; Infertility Institute and Research Centre (IIRC), Secundrabad, India and Vasavi Medical and Research Centre, Hyderabad, India.PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODSLOH on 10q, 9p and 7p was analyzed in analogous ectopic-eutopic endometria along with blood samples from 32 advanced stage endometriosis patients by PCR-GeneScan analysis. Genotyping of PTEN was carried out on genomic DNA of analogous ectopic-eutopic endometria (n = 32) as well as blood samples from 720 patients and 500 controls by PCR-sequencing analysis to explore somatic and germ-line mutations, respectively. The levels and distribution of PTEN, p-Akt, p-Bad and p27 were analyzed in the eutopic endometria of patients (n = 5) and controls (n = 5) using western-blot and immunohistochemistry.MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCEPCR-GeneScan analysis revealed a higher LOH frequency at 10q23.3 (84.4%) compared with other loci analyzed, hence we focused our attention on PTEN. PCR-sequencing analysis revealed seven novel somatic mutations and 23 germ-line polymorphisms in patients. Among somatic mutations, a frame-shift insertion at 10:89692992-89692993 (in the functionally important N-terminal phosphatase domain of PTEN) occurred in 11 of the 32 ectopic endometria. Western-blot and immunohistochemical analysis revealed decreased PTEN and increased p-Akt and p-Bad levels in eutopic endometria of patients compared with controls (all comparisons, P < 0.0001). Furthermore, PTEN loss was more frequent in the nucleus than in the cytoplasm. Expression of p27 did not differ between patients and controls.LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTIONProtein analysis was performed in eutopic endometrial samples from only a small number of patients and controls. In future investigations, a larger sample size should be used and the role of the other genes involved in the PTEN-PI3K/Akt signal transduction pathway should be analyzed.WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGSOur findings revealed a possible involvement of the PTEN-PI3K/Akt-Bad axis in the pathogenesis of endometriosis, which may facilitate the discovery of suitable pathway inhibitors for disease treatment.STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S)This study was supported by grants from the Science & Engineering Research Board (SERB), India (Lr No: SR/FT/LS-188/2009) to BM. The authors have no competing interests to declare. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved.


Alhomidi M.A.,Bhagavan Mahavir Medical and Research Center | Alhomidi M.A.,Osmania University | Vedicherla B.,Bhagavan Mahavir Medical and Research Center | Movva S.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | And 5 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2013

Somatic mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been demonstrated in various tumors. Mitochondrial D-loop is a non-coding region in the mitochondrial genome, which has essential transcription and replication elements, and alterations in this region may affect both these processes. The D-loop has a poly-C tract (PCT) located between 303 and 315 nucleotides known as D310, which has been identified as a frequent hot spot mutation region in human neoplasia. In the present study, 77 pairs of breast tumor and adjacent non-tumorous tissue samples were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformational polymorphism, restriction fragment length polymorphism, and sequencing to evaluate the frequency of D310 (PCT) mutations and its association with clinicopathologic parameters of breast cancer. Alterations were detected in 25 of 77 (32.5 %) breast cancer samples; these included 7/25 (28 %) cases with heteroplasmy. This is the first study from Asian Indian breast cancer (BC) patients indicating a relatively high frequency of D310 mutations, suggesting that mtDNA instability at D310 may be a common characteristic of BC. However, 66.7 % of the alterations were observed in stage II BC, indicating that this may be a more important change for early progression of the disease rather than its initiation. © 2013 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).


Shetty P.J.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | Movva S.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | Pasupuleti N.,Kamineni Life science | Vedicherlla B.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2011

Purpose: Breast Cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths among women worldwide. The role of epigenetics as a distinct mechanism to alter gene expression in a tissue-specific manner has emerged as an important mechanism in the pathophysiology of cancer. Present study was carried out to assess the role of methylation in regulating transcription and protein expression of Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), an oncogene with parental imprinting. Methods: Paraffin-embedded archival breast tumor and adjacent normal tissue samples were used for carrying out PCR-based methylation assay, genomic PCR, immunohistochemistry and Real-Time Reverse transcriptase PCR. Results: A significant loss of methylation in exon 9 CpG cluster of IGF2 in breast tumor tissues was observed when compared to normal tissue (P < 0.0001). Expression of IGF2 by immunohistochemistry exhibited a mean twofold increase correlating with the hypomethylation of this specific CpG. Real-Time RT PCR showed increased transcripts in the tumor tissue supporting the IHC and methylation results. A total of 33% of tumor samples heterozygous for the ApaI IGF2 polymorphism exhibited biallelic IGF2 expression due to loss of imprinting; this was not seen in any of the normal breast tissues. Conclusions: Altered methylation of exonic CpG plays an important role in the enhanced transcription/expression of IGF2 in breast tumors. Methylation analysis of exon 9 CpG can be used as a biomarker for upregulation of IGF2 in breast tumor tissue and maybe developed as a diagnostic test in future. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


Masoodi T.A.,Andhra University | Masoodi T.A.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | Rao Talluri V.,Andhra University | Shaik N.A.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | And 3 more authors.
Genomics | Year: 2012

In the present study, nsSNPs in EPHX1, GSTT1, GSTM1 and GSTP1 genes were screened for their functional impact on concerned proteins and their plausible role in breast cancer susceptibility. Initially, SNPs were retrieved from dbSNP, followed by identification of potentially deleterious nsSNPs using PolyPhen and SIFT. Functional analysis was done with SNPs3D, SNPs&GO and MutPred methods. Prediction and evaluation of the functional impact on the 3D structure of proteins were performed with Swiss PDB viewer and NOMAD-Ref servers. On analysis, 13 nsSNPs were found to be highly deleterious and damaging to the protein structure, of which 6 nsSNPs, rs45549733, rs45506591 and rs4986949 of GSTP1, rs72549341 and rs148240980 of EPHX1 and rs17856199 of GSTT1 were predicted to be potentially polymorphic. It is therefore hypothesized that the 6 identified nsSNPs may alter the detoxification process and elevate carcinogenic metabolite accumulation thus modifies the risk of breast cancer susceptibility in a group of women. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.


Thathapudi S.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | Kodati V.,Geneticist and Research Coordinator | Erukkambattu J.,Kamineni Academy of Medical science and Research Center | Katragadda A.,Anus Fertility Center | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2014

Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine conditions affecting women of reproductive age with a prevalence of approximately 5-10% worldwide. PCOS can be viewed as a heterogeneous androgen excess disorder with varying degrees of reproductive and metabolic abnormalities, whose diagnosis is based on anthropometric, biochemical and radiological abnormalities. To our knowledge, this is the first study investigating the anthropometric, biochemical and ultrasonographic characteristics of PCOS in Asian Indians of South India, using the Androgen Excess Society (AES-2006) diagnostic criteria. Objectives: To assess anthropometric, biochemical and ultrasonographic features of PCOS subgroups and controls among South Indian women using the AES-2006 criteria. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and four women clinically diagnosed with PCOS, and 204 healthy women controls aged 17 to 35 years were evaluated. PCOS was diagnosed by clinical hyperandrogenism (HA), irregular menstruation (IM), and polycystic ovary (PCO). PCOS was further categorized into phenotypic subgroups including the IM+HA+PCO (n = 181, 89%), HA+PCO (n = 23, 11%), IM+HA (n = 0), and also into obese PCOS (n = 142, 70%) and lean PCOS (n = 62, 30%) using body mass index (BMI). Anthropometric measurements and biochemical characteristics were compared among the PCOS subgroups. Results: The PCOS subgroups with regular menstrual cycles (HA+PCO), had more luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), fasting glucose, fasting insulin, and high insulin resistance (IR) expressed as the Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA) score, compared with the IM+HA+PCO subgroups and controls. Similarly, the obese PCOS had high BMI, waist to hip ratio (WHR), fasting glucose, LH, LH/FSH, fasting insulin, HOMA score (IR), and dyslipidemia, compared with lean PCOS and controls. Unilateral polycystic ovary was seen in 32 (15.7%) patients, and bilateral involvement in 172 (84.3%) patients. All the controls showed normal ovaries. Conclusions: Anthropometric, biochemical, and ultrasonographic findings showed significant differences among PCOS subgroups. The PCOS subgroups with regular menstrual cycles (HA+PCO), had high insulin resistance (IR) and gonadotropic hormonal abnormalities, compared with the IM+HA+PCO subgroups and controls. © 2014, Research Institute For Endocrine Sciences and Iran Endocrine Society; Published by Kowsar Corp. © 2014, Research Institute For Endocrine Sciences and Iran Endocrine Society.


Thathapudi S.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | Kodati V.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | Erukkambattu J.,Kamineni Academy of Medical science and Research Center | Addepally U.,Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University | And 2 more authors.
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers | Year: 2015

Background: Polycystic ovaries and irregular menstruation/anovulation are important diagnostic criteria along with hyperandrogenism as per the Androgen Excess Society-2006 criteria for polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). In the etiopathogenesis of PCOS, one of the candidate genes causing ovarian failure is the luteinizing hormone (LH) chorionic gonadotropin hormone receptor (LHCGR). Our aim was to study the association of LHCGR polymorphism (rs2293275) with PCOS in our study population. Materials and Methods: Genetic case-control study from multiple gynecological centers from Hyderabad, a cosmopolitan city in South India. The study involved 204 women with PCOS and 204 healthy, sex-, and age-matched controls. Anthropometric and biochemical profiles were taken in a well-designed pro forma. Isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and genotype analysis were done for the entire study population using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method followed by 12% polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Results: In this study, we have demonstrated an association between LHCGR (rs2293275) polymorphism and PCOS. The frequency of the G allele was 0.60 in PCOS and 0.49 in controls (odds ratio [OR] 1.531, confidence interval [CI] 1.16-2.01, and p-value=0.0026), which indicates that the G allele is associated with PCOS in our population. The GG genotype conferred a significant risk of developing PCOS (OR 3.36, CI 1.96-5.75, and p-value<0.0001). We found a significant association of the GG allele with body-mass index, waist to hip ratio, insulin resistance, LH, and LH/follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) ratio in PCOS when compared with controls. The AA allele showed high basal FSH levels. Conclusions: This study suggests that LHCGR (rs2293275) polymorphism is associated with PCOS and could be used as a relevant molecular marker to identify women with the risk of developing PCOS in our population and may provide an understanding about the etiology of PCOS. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2015.


PubMed | Apollo Hospital and Vasavi Medical and Research Center
Type: | Journal: Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993) | Year: 2017

Several association studies have been carried out to elucidate the role of genetic variants in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), while studies on the epigenome regulating gene expression changes are helping to understand the development of disease and factors promoting such changes. This review summarizes the different epigenetic aspects involved in cardiac development and disease along with current therapeutic interventions.


Govatati S.,Osmania University | Tipirisetti N.R.,Osmania University | Perugu S.,Osmania University | Kodati V.L.,Vasavi Medical and Research Center | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Endometriosis is a chronic gynecological benign disease that shares several features similar to malignancy. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations have been reported in all most all types of tumors. However, it is not known as to whether mtDNA mutations are associated with endometriosis. Methodology: We sequenced the entire mitochondrial genome of analogous ectopic and eutopic endometrial tissues along with blood samples from 32 advanced stage endometriosis patients to analyze the role of somatic and germ-line mtDNA variations in pathogenesis of endometriosis. All ectopic tissues were screened for tumor-specific mtDNA deletions and microsatellite instability (MSI). We also performed mtDNA haplogrouping in 128 patients and 90 controls to identify its possible association with endometriosis risk. Principal Findings: We identified 51 somatic (novel: 31; reported: 20) and 583 germ-line mtDNA variations (novel: 53; reported: 530) in endometriosis patients. The A13603G, a novel missense mutation which leads to a substitution from serine to glycine at the codon 423 of ND5 gene showed 100% incidence in ectopic tissues. Interestingly, eutopic endometrium and peripheral leukocytes of all the patients showed heteroplasmy (A/G; 40-80%) at this locus, while their ectopic endometrium showed homoplasmic mutant allele (G/G). Superimposition of native and mutant structures of ND5 generated by homology modeling revealed no structural differences. Tumor-specific deletions and MSI were not observed in any of the ectopic tissues. Haplogrouping analysis showed a significant association between haplogroup M5 and endometriosis risk (P: 0.00069) after bonferroni correction. Conclusions: Our findings substantiate the rationale for exploring the mitochondrial genome as a biomarker for the diagnosis of endometriosis. © 2012 Govatati et al.

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