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Khambete N.,Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital | Risbud M.,Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital
Imaging Science in Dentistry | Year: 2011

Arteriovenous malformations are extremely rare conditions in that can result from abnormalities in the structure of blood vessels, which may be potentially fatal. A 30-year-old female patient visited our hospital with a complaint of swelling on the right maxillary posterior gingiva along with the large port-wine stain on right side of face. On clinical examination, the swelling was compressible and pulsatile. Radiographic examination revealed a lytic lesion of maxilla. Diagnostic angiography revealed a high-flow arteriovenous malformation of maxilla which was treated by selective transarterial embolization of maxillary artery using polyvinyl alcohol particles. (Imaging Sci Dent 2011; 41 : 123-8). © 2011 by Korean Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology.


PubMed | Bharti Vidyapeeth Dental College, Gujarat University, Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital and Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College and Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2016

The present study aimed to compare apical sealing ability between GuttaFlow and AH Plus.Eighty extracted human maxillary anterior teeth with fully formed apex and straight root were collected for this study. The root canals were cleaned and shaped using a standard step back preparation to size 60# master apical file at the established working length and divided into four groups: Group 1, GuttaFlow sealer with gutta-percha; Group 2, AH Plus sealer with gutta-percha; Group 3, positive control group (Teeth were instrumented and left without obturation); Group 4, negative control group (Teeth were totally coated with nail varnish) Dye leakage was carried out. Statistical analysis was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software and Students unpaired t-test.The GuttaFlow group had a mean leakage of 1.38 mm whereas AH Plus had a mean of 1.425 mm. The standard deviation of GuttaFlow and AH Plus were 0.3861 and 0.3226, respectively. Students unpaired t-test disclosed no significant difference (P < 0.05) between the groups.None of the sealers used in the study could completely seal the apical foramen to have a fluid-tight seal. GuttaFlow and AH Plus showed no statistically significant difference in microleakage; the better result was shown by GuttaFlow.


PubMed | KD Dental College and Hospital, Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital, Private Practitioner and Guardian Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015

All men are born equal and are endowed by their creator with some basic rights. As the military is to defend the country from external threats, so is the police for maintenance of the internal peace of the community. The irregular shifts in their work schedule lead to neglecting or skipping of their regular diet and indulging into adverse habits. It is the responsibility of the society to safeguard the health of their defenders.A cross-sectional study was carried out on 475 central reserve police personnels in Mathura city. Consent was obtained from the concerned authorities and the subjects were clinically examined using WHO 2013 Oral Health Assessment Form.This study revealed that 99.6% subjects were males, 62% subjects were of 21-35 years age group, mean dentition status was found to be 0.66 2.08 and, most of the subjects needed prompt treatment including scaling.Police personnels provide a unique opportunity to study a large population from diverse geographic backgrounds. Prevention oriented health education lectures should be delivered and possibly, should also form part of their training curriculum.


Joshi P.S.,Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital | Golgire S.,Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2014

Context: The enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), which is found in almost all the cells of body tissues, can be separated into five fractions and the isoenzyme pattern is believed to vary according to the metabolic requirement of each tissue. LDH concentration in saliva, as an expression of cellular necrosis, could be considered to be a specific indicator for oral lesions that affect the integrity of the oral mucosa.Aim: The present study was designed to evaluate salivary LDH isoenzyme pattern in oral leukoplakia (OL) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to correlate between LDH isoenzyme levels and histopathologic grading in selected cases of OL and OSCC.Materials and Methods: Clinically diagnosed 30 cases each of OL and OSCC were selected for the study and 30 healthy individuals of comparable age served as control. Unstimulated whole saliva was aseptically collected and was processed immediately for LDH isoenzymes measurement by agarose gel electrophoresis. Biopsy specimen obtained was processed and stained by hematoxylin and eosin. Sections of OL and OSCC cases were scrutinized histopathologically and appropriately graded for epithelial dysplasia and differentiation of carcinoma respectively.Statistical Analysis Used: Two sample t test for testing the significance of difference between two group means was used.Results and Conclusion: The present salivary analysis for LDH isoenzyme reveals an overall increased salivary LDH isoenzyme level in OL and OSCC cases and a significant correlation between levels of salivary LDH isoenzymes and histopathologic grades of dysplasia in OL and OSCC. Salivary analysis of LDH will definitely provide the clinician and/or the patient himself with an efficient, non invasive and friendly new tool for diagnosis and monitoring of oral precancer and cancer.


Ankle M.R.,Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital | Joshi P.S.,Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2011

Context: Use of diluted dish washing solution (DWS) has been experimented successfully as a substitute for xylene to deparaffinize tissue sections during hematoxylin and eosin (H and E) staining. Aims: (1) Test the hypothesis that xylene- and methanol-free sections (XMF) deparaffinized with diluted DWS are better than or at par with conventional H and E sections. (2) To compare the efficacy of xylene-free sections with the conventional H and E sections. Settings and Design: Single blinded experimental study. Materials and Methods: Sixty paraffin blocks were considered. One section was stained with conventional H and E method (Group A) and the other with XMF H and E (Group B). Slides were scored for parameters; nuclear staining, cytoplasmic staining (adequate = score1, inadequate = score0), uniformity, clarity, crispness (present = score1, absent = score0). Score >/= 2 was inadequate for diagnosis and 3-5 was adequate for diagnosis. Statistical analysis used: Z test. Results: Adequate nuclear staining, 96.66% sections in group A and 98.33% in Group B (Z = 0.59, P>0.05); adequate cytoplasmic staining, 93.33% in group A and 83.33% in Group B (Z = 1.97, P<0.05); uniform staining, 70% in group A, 50% in group B (Z = 1.94, P<0.05), clarity present in 85% of group A, 88.33% of group B sections (Z = 0.27, P>0.05), crisp staining in 76.66% in group A and 83.33% in Group B (Z = 1.98, P<0.05), 88.33% Group A sections stained adequately for diagnosis as compared with 90% in Group B (Z = 0.17, P>0.05). Conclusion: Xylene- and methanol-free H and E staining is a better alternative to the conventional H and E staining procedure.


Medha A.,Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital | Patil S.,Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital | Hoshing U.,Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital | Bandekar S.,Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Aim: Aim of the study is to evaluate the distribution of forces on the instrument in the apical 3rd of curved canal with three Nickel Titanium rotary systems. Methodology: Three brands of instruments (ProTaper Universal; DENTSPLY Maillefer, RevoS; MicroMega and Hyflex; Coltene-Whaledent, Allstetten, Switzerland) were scanned with the Laser assisted computerized scanner to produce a real-size, 3-dimensional model for each. The stresses on the instrument during simulated shaping of a root canal were analyzed numerically by using a 3-dimensional finite element package, taking into account the nonlinear mechanical behavior of the nickel-titanium material. Results: Revo S shows lowest values for force generation in the apical 3rd of canal as compared to Protaper which shows highest values, while Hyflex shows intermediate values for forces. Conclusion: With FE simulation of root canal shaping by 3 files, it was observed that different instrument designs would experience unequal degree of force generation in canal, as well as reaction torque from the root canal wall.


Magadum D.,Bharti Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital | Sanadi A.,Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital | Agrawal J.M.,Bharti Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital | Agrawal M.S.,Bharti Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2013

Lipoma is the commonest benign tumour occurring at any anatomical site where fat is present, but occurrence in the oral cavity is rare. Tongue which is totally devoid of fat cells is a rare site for lipoma. This is one such rare case of the universal tumour, presenting at the lateral margin of the tongue, for which complete tumour excision was done. Macroscopically the mass had a hard consistency and measured 3.0×2.0 cm. From microscopic examination, diagnosis of lipoma was made. Recurrence of tongue lipoma is rare.


PubMed | Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital and Dnyandeo Yashwantrao Patil Dental School Lohegaon
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral and maxillofacial pathology : JOMFP | Year: 2015

Oral cancer is a major public health problem in India. A key factor that has led to lack of improvement in prognosis of oral cancer over the years, is delay in diagnosis and treatment. In many instances, a significant proportion of oral squamous cell carcinomas develop from premalignant lesions and conditions. Identification of such lesions and conditions is very important in order to prevent malignant transformation. The role of fungal infections has been studied and holds promise as an indicator to predict malignant transformation. So we designed a study to analyze the prevalence of fungal hyphae in biopsies of patients with clinically diagnosed cases of premalignant lesions and conditions.To determine and compare the prevalence of fungal hyphae in biopsies of patients with clinically diagnosed cases of potentially malignant lesions and conditions and to assess the possible association between the degree of epithelial dysplasia and presence or absence of fungal hyphae.Clinically suspected and histopathologically diagnosed 70 cases of potentially malignant lesions and conditions (29 leukoplakia, 16 submucous fibrosis and 25 lichen planus) made up the study group. Three tissue sections (5m) of each were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H and E), periodic acid-Schiffs reagent (PAS) and Grocotts methenamine silver (GMS) and evaluated for fungal hyphae. The data collected was statistically analyzed by using Chi-square test and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software.The estimated prevalence of fungal hyphae in cases with or without dysplasia in leukoplakia was 41.4%, lichen planus 36% and submucous fibrosis 25%. There was a significant association between degree of epithelial dysplasia with presence or absence of fungal hyphae in all the study groups.Presence of fungal hyphae in potentially malignant lesions and conditions may prove to be a useful indicator in predicting malignant transformation.


PubMed | KD Dental College and Hospital and Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2015

To review advancements of fluoride in dentistry, a search of 21 electronic databases and World Wide Web was conducted. Relevant journals were hand searched and further information was requested from authors. Inclusion criteria were a predefined hierarchy of evidence and objectives. Study validity was assessed with checklists. Two reviewers independently screened sources, extracted data, and assessed validity. Fluoride has become an important tool in preventive dentistry. Current research is focused on the development of strategies to improve fluoride efficacy. Fluoride therapy in the form of varnish, gel, mouth rinse, or toothpaste has been used extensively as a caries-preventive intervention for over three decades. The purpose of this review is to inform the reader about new research related to the use of fluoride for the prevention of dental caries.


PubMed | Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Minerva stomatologica | Year: 2016

Research into regenerative dentistry has contributed momentum to the field of molecular biology. Periapical surgery aims at removing periapical pathology to achieve complete wound healing and regeneration of bone and periodontal tissue. Regenerative endodontic procedures are widely being added to the current armamentarium of pulp therapy procedures. The regenerative potential of platelets has been deliberated. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a wonderful tissue-engineering product and has recently gained much popularity due its promising results in wound healing bone induction. The features of this product are an attribute of platelets which, after cellular interactions, release growth factors and have shown application in diverse disciplines of dentistry. This paper is intended to shed light onto the various prospects of PRF and to provide clinical insight into regenerative endodontic therapy.

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