San Jose, CA, United States
San Jose, CA, United States

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Patent
Varentec | Date: 2016-10-21

Systems and methods for controlling grid voltage include a distribution power network and one or more smart inverters at or near the edge of the distribution power network, each smart inverter configured to absorb or insert VARs to control the voltage based on a reference Q value, wherein the reference Q value is calculated by a reference Q calculator. A reference Q calculator includes a processor and a non-transitory computer readable memory with software embedded thereon, the software configured to cause the processor to receive a voltage measurement taken at or near the edge of a power distribution grid, a voltage band value, and a voltage set point value, determine a difference, e_(v), between the voltage measurement and the voltage set point, generate a new reference Q value if an absolute value of e_(v )is greater than the voltage band value, and cause the smart inverter to either absorb or insert VARs depending on the sign of e_(v).


Patent
Varentec | Date: 2014-02-21

Methods and systems of field upgradeable transformers are provided. Voltage transformation, intelligence, communications, and control are integrated in a flexible and cost effective manner. A field upgradeable transformer may comprise a transformer module and a cold plate. The transformer module provides voltage transformation. The transformer module is enclosed in a housing containing coolant with dielectric properties, such as mineral oil. The cold plate may be mounted to the housing and thermally coupled to the coolant. Interfaces to the primary side and/or secondary side of transformer module may be configured to be disposed on the surface of the housing. A field upgradable transformer may comprise various electronic modules that are configured to be mounted to the cold plate. An electronic module may be thermally coupled to the coolant, and may be configured to be coupled to the transformer module. An electronic module may monitor the voltage level of the primary side and/or the secondary side of the field upgradeable transformer, the current level through the field upgradeable transformer, the power factor, and/or the coolant temperature; create an outage alert; communicate with a control center; provide electromechanical tap changing; regulate line voltages, power factor, and/or harmonics; and/or mitigate voltage sags.


Systems and methods for an edge of network voltage control of a power grid are described. A system includes a distribution power network, a plurality of loads (at or near an edge of the distribution power network), and a plurality of shunt-connected, switch-controlled volt ampere reactive (VAR) sources also located at the edge or near the edge of the distribution power network where they may each detect a proximate voltage. The VAR source can determine whether to enable a VAR compensation component therein based on the proximate voltage and adjust network VAR by controlling a switch to enable the VAR compensation component. Further still, each of the VAR sources may be integrated within a customer-located asset, such as a smart meter, and a multitude of such VAR sources can be used to effectuate a distributed controllable VAR source (DCVS) cloud network.


A plurality of edge of network grid volt ampere reactive (VAR) sources are provided in a power system in order to effectuate control at a customer level, which in turn effectuates control at a feeder level, which in turn effectuates control of an entire power system or wide area electric grid network. By optimally selecting voltage setpoints and applying such voltage setpoints to the plurality of edge of network grid VAR sources, the power system can be configured to self-balance, power factor compensation can be determined without the need for measuring load power factor. Moreover, traditionally volatile voltages at the feeder can be flattened, and VAR control can be realized.


Patent
Varentec | Date: 2016-03-07

Methods and systems of field upgradeable transformers are provided. Voltage transformation, intelligence, communications, and control are integrated in a flexible and cost effective manner. A field upgradeable transformer may comprise a transformer module and a cold plate. The transformer module provides voltage transformation. The transformer module is enclosed in a housing containing coolant with dielectric properties, such as mineral oil. The cold plate may be mounted to the housing and thermally coupled to the coolant. Interfaces to the primary side and/or secondary side of transformer module may be configured to be disposed on the surface of the housing. A field upgradable transformer may comprise various electronic modules that are configured to be mounted to the cold plate. An electronic module may be thermally coupled to the coolant, and may be configured to be coupled to the transformer module. An electronic module may monitor the voltage level of the primary side and/or the secondary side of the field upgradeable transformer, the current level through the field upgradeable transformer, the power factor, and/or the coolant temperature; create an outage alert; communicate with a control center; provide electromechanical tap changing; regulate line voltages, power factor, and/or harmonics; and/or mitigate voltage sags.


By virtue of the ability to vary local load via inverter (e.g., solar PV inverter) volt-ampere reactive power (VAR) injection, local demand and energy consumption can be controlled at a system level. Utilities that provide solar PV systems to consumers can leverage this ability to reduce the purchase of high cost energy. Moreover, revenue for such utilities can be maximized. For example, such localized voltage and VAR control allow for precise control to achieve, e.g., plus or minus about two percent of kW and kWHr of power consumed at a node.


Patent
Varentec | Date: 2016-03-07

Methods and systems of field upgradeable transformers are provided. Voltage transformation, intelligence, communications, and control are integrated in a flexible and cost effective manner. A field upgradeable transformer may comprise a transformer module and a cold plate. The transformer module provides voltage transformation. The transformer module is enclosed in a housing containing coolant with dielectric properties, such as mineral oil. The cold plate may be mounted to the housing and thermally coupled to the coolant. Interfaces to the primary side and/or secondary side of transformer module may be configured to be disposed on the surface of the housing. A field upgradable transformer may comprise various electronic modules that are configured to be mounted to the cold plate. An electronic module may be thermally coupled to the coolant, and may be configured to be coupled to the transformer module. An electronic module may monitor the voltage level of the primary side and/or the secondary side of the field upgradeable transformer, the current level through the field upgradeable transformer, the power factor, and/or the coolant temperature; create an outage alert; communicate with a control center; provide electromechanical tap changing; regulate line voltages, power factor, and/or harmonics; and/or mitigate voltage sags.


Systems and methods for an edge of network voltage control of a power grid are described. A system includes a distribution power network, a plurality of loads (at or near an edge of the distribution power network), and a plurality of shunt-connected, switch-controlled volt ampere reactive (VAR) sources also located at the edge or near the edge of the distribution power network where they may each detect a proximate voltage. The VAR source can determine whether to enable a VAR compensation component therein based on the proximate voltage and adjust network VAR by controlling a switch to enable the VAR compensation component. Further still, each of the VAR sources may be integrated within a customer-located asset, such as a smart meter, and a multitude of such VAR sources can be used to effectuate a distributed controllable VAR source (DCVS) cloud network.


Systems and methods for an edge of network voltage control of a power grid are described. In some embodiments, a system comprises a distribution power network, a plurality of loads, and a plurality of shunt-connected, switch-controlled VAR sources. The loads may be at or near an edge of the distribution power network. Each of the loads may receive power from the distribution power network. The plurality of shunt-connected, switch-controlled VAR sources may be located at the edge or near the edge of the distribution power network where they may each detect a proximate voltage. Further, each of the VAR sources may comprise a processor and a VAR compensation component. The processor may be configured to enable the VAR source to determine whether to enable the VAR compensation component based on the proximate voltage and to adjust network volt-ampere reactive by controlling a switch to enable the VAR compensation component.


A power flow controller with a fractionally rated back-to-back (BTB) converter is provided. The power flow controller provide dynamic control of both active and reactive power of a power system. The power flow controller inserts a voltage with controllable magnitude and phase between two AC sources at the same frequency; thereby effecting control of active and reactive power flows between the two AC sources. A transformer may be augmented with a fractionally rated bi-directional Back to Back (B TB) converter. The fractionally rated BTB converter comprises a transformer side converter (TSC), a direct-current (DC) link, and a line side converter (LSC). By controlling the switches of the BTB converter, the effective phase angle between the two AC source voltages may be regulated, and the amplitude of the voltage inserted by the power flow controller may be adjusted with respect to the AC source voltages.

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