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Yurtdas M.,Van Region Training and Research Hospital | Yaylali Y.T.,Pamukkale University | Kaya Y.,Kafkas University | Ozdemir M.,Ipekyolu State Hospital
Archives of Medical Research | Year: 2014

Background and Aims: It is unclear whether changes in plasma levels of inflammatory markers could explain the link between ischemia and slow coronary flow (SCF). The aim of the study was to evaluate the plasma levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin (IL)-6, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) during myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in SCF patients. Methods: The study population consisted of 53 SCF patients and 30 controls. Coronary flow rates were documented by TIMI frame count (TFC). Plasma levels of hsCRP, IL-6, MPO, and MPI were obtained in all participants. Results: hsCRP, IL-6 and MPO levels of SCF patients were higher than controls (hsCRP: 4.7 ± 2.5 vs. 1.7 ± 1.1 mg/L, p <0.001; IL-6: 8.2 ± 4.3 vs. 5.2 ± 2.1 pg/mL, p <0.001; and MPO: 75.9 ± 59.6 vs. 24.3 ± 16.7 ng/mL, p <0.001). Twenty-one SCF patients exhibited myocardial perfusion defect (MPD) on MPI. In SCF patients, the highest hsCRP, IL-6 and MPO levels were observed in patients with both MPD and three-vessel slow flow. Mean TFCs were positively correlated with plasma levels of hsCRP (r= 0.424, p= 0.002), IL-6 (r= 0.367, p= 0.007), MPO (r= 0.430, p= 0.001), and reversibility score (r= 0.671, p <0.001) in SCF patients. HsCRP and MPO were the independent variables, which predicted positive MPI results (hsCRP: OR, 2.176; 95% CI, 1.200-3.943; p= 0.010, MPO: OR, 1.026; 95% CI, 1.007-1.046; p= 0.008). Conclusions: Inflammation may play a crucial role in both the pathogenesis and development of ischemia in SCF. Association of increased levels of inflammatory markers and ischemia suggests that endothelial inflammation may be largely responsible for clinical presentation. New combined treatment regimens should target endothelial activation and inflammation in SCF. © 2014 IMSS. Source

Karadas S.,Yuzuncu Yil University | Dursun R.,Van Region Training and Research Hospital | Kiymaz N.,Yuzuncu Yil University
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association | Year: 2014

Craniospinal penetrating foreign body (FB) injuries are interesting, but rarely observed, cases. They are important in terms of the complications that they may cause. The etiologies of craniospinal penetrating injuries and intracranial FB are also different. Though a sewing needle is more rarely seen in an intracranial FB, it may occur as atttempted infanticide or as a result of an accident especially in early childhood before the closure of fontanels. We detected an intracranial sewing needle in the head radiograph of a case admitted to the emergency department for another reason. We present this case since this is a rare injury and the etiologies of craniospinal penetrating foreign body have different characteristics. Source

Yaylal Y.T.,Pamukkale University | Fndkoglu G.,Pamukkale University | Yurtdas M.,Van Region Training and Research Hospital | Konukcu S.,Islahiye State Hospital | Senol H.,Pamukkale University
Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi | Year: 2015

Objective: It is unclear which exercise training protocol yields superior heart rate recovery (HRR) improvement in heart failure (HF) patients. Whether baseline HRR normality plays a role in the improvement is unknown. We hypothesized that an exercise training protocol and baseline HRR normality would be factors in altering HRR in HF patients. Methods: In this prospective, randomized, controlled and 3 group parallel study, 41 stable HF patients were randomly assigned to 3-timesweekly training sessions for 12 weeks, consisting of i) 30 minutes of interval training (IT) (n=17, 63.7±8.8 years old) versus ii) 30 minutes of continuous training (CT) (n=13, 59.6±6.8 years old) versus iii) no training (CON) (n=11, 60.6±9.9 years old). Each patient had cardiopulmonary exercise testing before and after the training program. Maximum heart rates attained during the test and heart rates at 1 and 2 min (HRR1 and HRR2) during the recovery phase were recorded. Paired samples t-test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for comparisons before and after training. One-way ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis variance analysis was used for comparisons among groups. Results: HRR1 was unchanged after training. HRR2 improved in the IT group after training, and post-training HRR2 values were significantly faster in the IT group than in controls. Both HRR1 and HRR2 was significantly faster, irrespective of exercise protocol in patients with abnormal baseline values after training. Conclusion: HRR1 did not improve after training. HRR2 improved only in the IT group. Both HRRs in patients with abnormal baseline values improved after both exercise protocols. IT might be superior to CT in improving HRR2. Baseline HRR might play a role in its response to exercise. © 2015 by Turkish Society of Cardiology. Source

Yurtdas M.,Van Region Training and Research Hospital | Yaylali Y.T.,Pamukkale University | Aladag N.,Van Region Training and Research Hospital | Ozdemir M.,Van Region Training and Research Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Coronary Artery Disease | Year: 2014

OBJECTIVES: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are measures of systemic inflammation. Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is influenced by autonomic function. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether HRR and the Duke Treadmill Score (DTS) values are related to NLR and PLR in patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX). METHODS: A total of 350 participants were enrolled in the study. Complete blood counts and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were obtained. All participants underwent an exercise test. HRR and DTS were calculated after exercise. Abnormal HRR was defined as 12 beats/min or less. RESULTS: CSX and coronary artery disease (CAD) groups had higher NLR, PLR, and hsCRP, and lower HRR and DTS values than the control group (for all, P<0.05). In both CSX and CAD groups, HRR was positively correlated with DTS (r=0.468, P<0.001 and r=0.491, P<0.001, respectively) and negatively correlated with NLR (r=-0.519, P<0.001 and r=-0.612, P<0.001, respectively), PLR (r=-0.422, P<0.001 and r=-0.438, P<0.001, respectively), and hsCRP (r=-0.553, P<0.001 and r=-0.521, P<0.001, respectively). NLR and hsCRP were important two predictors of the presence of lower HRR in both CSX [NLR: odds ratio (OR), 0.395; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.168-0.925; P=0.032 and hsCRP: OR, 0.748; 95% CI, 0.591-0.945; P=0.015], and CAD groups (NLR: OR, 0.115; 95% CI, 0.026-0.501; P=0.004 and hsCRP: OR, 0.637; 95% CI, 0.455-0.892; P=0.009). CONCLUSION: CSX patients have higher NLR and PLR and slower HRR and lower DTS, similar to CAD patients, suggesting that CSX patients may be at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular events in the future. NLR may predict autonomic imbalance assessed by HRR in CSX. Source

Yurtdas M.,Van Region Training and Research Hospital | Yaylali Y.T.,Pamukkale University | Kaya Y.,Kafkas University | Ozdemir M.,Van Region Training and Research Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Echocardiography | Year: 2014

Background: Systemic inflammation beyond the skin may provide an explanation of the increased cardiovascular risk observed in psoriasis. It was hypothesized that neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are potential predictors of subclinical atherosclerosis measured by aortic velocity propagation (AVP) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in psoriasis. Methods: Fifty-one patients with psoriasis taking no antipsoriatic therapy and 37 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were prospectively enrolled. The Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) was calculated. Complete blood counts were obtained. Measurements of AVP and CIMT were performed. Results: The baseline clinical and demographic features, and white blood cell, platelet, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, and PLR were similar in both groups. NLR and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were higher in the psoriasis group than the control group (P = 0.001, P < 0.001; respectively). The psoriasis group had lower AVP and higher CIMT values than those of controls (AVP: 48.9 ± 18.1 vs. 64.3 ± 14.5 cm/sec; P < 0.001, CIMT: 0.84 ± 0.29 vs. 0.63 ± 0.27 mm; P = 0.001, respectively). PASI was positively correlated with NLR and hs-CRP (r = 0.423, P = 0.002; r = 0.315, P = 0.024, respectively). There was an inverse association between AVP and CIMT (r = -0.749, P < 0.001). Binary logistic regression analysis demonstrated that NLR was the only variable able to predict lower AVP (≤41 cm/sec) and higher CIMT (>0.9 mm) values (P = 0.024 and 0.023; respectively). Conclusion: NLR is potentially an unrecognized predictor of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with psoriasis. Future studies assessing the prognostic significance of NLR on cardiovascular event rates in psoriasis patients would be of great interest. (Echocardiography 2014;31:1095-1104). © 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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