Van Hall Larenstein, University of Applied science is a vocational university in the northern and eastern Netherlands. The school was created through a merger between the Van Hall Institute in Leeuwarden and IAH Larenstein in Velp. Wikipedia.
Sijtsma F.J.,University of Groningen |
Van der Heide C.M.,LEI Wageningen UR |
Van der Heide C.M.,Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences |
Van Hinsberg A.,Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency PBL
Environmental Science and Policy | Year: 2013
In this paper we focus on how to achieve better decision support when decision-makers use the ecosystem services (ESS) framework to broaden their evaluations. We contribute to the debate on valuation of ecosystem services by inquiring into how the ESS framework relates to the judgement and measurement provided by Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) and Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA) evaluation techniques. We argue that Multi-Criteria Cost-Benefit Analysis (MCCBA), which is a carefully designed combination of CBA and MCA, provides a good starting point for the evaluation of projects or policies involving changes in agricultural and natural ecosystem services.The main characteristic of this MCCBA approach linked to ESS framework is its threefold evaluative endpoint structure to account for (i) basic health, (ii) economic welfare, and (iii) higher well-being. The third endpoint includes concerns about the well-being of nature. The MCCBA approach utilises highly standardised cardinal or ratio scale measurements, in particular we use two existing measurements, known as Disability Adjusted Life Years for basic health, and monetary Net Present Values for economic welfare. We also introduce one new measurement: Threat weighted Ecological Quality Area to account for nature's well-being. We argue that evaluation of projects or policies involving many different ecosystem services should use these three endpoint measurements. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
van Gessel C.,Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences
Zoo Biology | Year: 2015
Two female polar bears at Dierenrijk Zoo in the Netherlands were monitored at their maternity den one day before the birth of their cubs and three days postpartum. Each bear was monitored for 96hr to document behaviour and vocalisations. The goal was to obtain insight into the differences between the mother that lost her litter and the other that successfully reared her cubs. Six groups of cub vocalisations were identified: Comfort, Discomfort, Distress, Nursing Attempts, Nursing, and No Vocalisation. Maternal vocalisations were split into three groups: Calm, Grooming, and Stress. Maternal behaviours were also split into three groups: Active, Rest, and Stress. The unsuccessful mother produced more stress vocalisations before and during the birth of her cub, whereas the successful mother appeared less stressed. Vocalisations indicate that the cub that died tried to nurse but was unsuccessful. The unsuccessful mother showed less stress as her cub got weaker and vocalised less. From this I suggest that maternal stress was a factor in cub mortality. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Liu Y.,Hebei Medical University |
Van Der Leij F.R.,Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences
Pediatric Research | Year: 2011
Because L-carnitine (l-CAR) is a potential substitute for neonatal dexamethasone (DEX) with respect to the prevention of long-term side effects, rats were treated on d 1, 2, and 3 after birth with saline, DEX, l-CAR, half the dose of DEX, and l-CAR + half DEX. DEX led to growth retardation, increased mortality, and severe kidney damage at 50 wk of age. l-CAR had no negative effects on growth, kidney function at 50 wk, and survival at 101 wk. Growth retardation was induced transiently by half DEX and permanently by l-CAR + half DEX, slightly reduced kidney function but no reduced life span was found in both these groups. Except for the DEX group, blood glucose levels were normal at 50 wk in all groups. A serendipitous finding was that l-CAR treatment caused one-third less food intake; however, these rats maintained normal body weight. In conclusion, l-CAR, a lower dose of DEX, and their combination caused less negative effects in later life. Because l-CAR + half DEX had a negative effect on growth, attention to monitor l-CAR levels during DEX treatment of preterm newborns seems to be justified. The finding that neonatal l-CAR caused reduced food intake in later life warrants further investigation. Copyright © 2011 International Pediatric Research Foundation, Inc.
Schouten M.A.H.,Wageningen University |
van der Heide C.M.,Agricultural Economics Research Institute LEI |
van der Heide C.M.,Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences |
Heijman W.J.M.,Wageningen University |
Opdam P.F.M.,Wageningen University
Ecological Economics | Year: 2012
Given the major changes that rural areas have undergone, and are continuing to undergo, serious problems of achieving sustainable development are being experienced. These changes have multiple characters, varying from changes in ecosystem conditions to changes in socio-economic impacts, due to, for example, food- and financial crises. Nowadays, there is an increasing awareness of the need to develop rural policies that support adaptive strategies of stakeholders in response to a disturbance. We propose that resilience thinking offers a framework that could be helpful in the governance of rural changes. This framework is based on the complexity of the social-ecological system and takes into account the unpredictable future, as it emphasizes adaptive approaches to management. As such, it helps evaluate to what extent rural development policies contribute to the resilience of rural areas. Nine criteria were developed including thirteen specifications. In order to evaluate the usability and usefulness of the proposed framework, a case study has been performed that specifically investigated the degree of resilience of a European rural development policy (i.e. the spending of extra funds generated through compulsory modulation under the 2009 Health Check in the Netherlands). © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Speybroeck J.,Research Institute for Nature and Forest |
Beukema W.,Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences |
Crochet P.-A.,CNRS Center of Evolutionary and Functional Ecology
Zootaxa | Year: 2010
Research on the taxonomy of European amphibians and reptiles has increased noticeably over the last few decades, indicating the need for recognition of new species and the cancellation of others. This paper provides a critical review of recent changes and draws up a tentative species list.© 2010 Magnolia Press.