Van Gansewinkel Groep BV

Eindhoven, Netherlands

Van Gansewinkel Groep BV

Eindhoven, Netherlands

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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2012-2013-1 | Award Amount: 2.74M | Year: 2012

Societal challenges, RTD and innovation offer opportunities to rejuvenate and transform the resource intensive chemical and process industries into eco-efficient high-tech solution providers, by switching to bio-based feedstock, improving efficiency of processes, by recycling waste materials and by looking at industry as an integrated system (industrial symbiosis). Objective of the Chemicals Regions for Resource Efficiency project (R4R) is to overcome European fragmentation of ambitious and innovative regions, to improve triple helix collaboration within and between some of the most process intensive European regions by 1) analyzing and benchmarking successful regional technology innovation systems (TIS) within six complementary regions that target three specific technology domains (alternative feedstock, resource efficient processes and recycling); 2) based on this analyses improving synergies between regions through aligned regional, national and European Joint Action Plans and innovation roadmaps; 3) promoting internationalization, with a strong focus on SMEs, through an international cluster platform on resource efficient regions, embedded in the SusChem ETP; 4) disseminating a toolset and experience on technology innovation system analyses (TIS), to European regions in cluster platform. Accelerating innovation in this domain promises enormous impact in resource efficiency by 2030 i.e. a major CO2- footprint reduction of up to 50%, meaning reducing 0.5 GtCO2e annually, a potential 10-fold increase in (bio)renewable raw materials as feedstock (e.g. incl. end of life recyclables), a 30% reduction in primary energy consumption and a 20% reduction in raw materials net use (e.g. mineral, chemical, bio-based feedstock) and secondary (e.g. water and other auxiliary materials) materials, by increasing chemical and physical transformation yields. R4R targets increased global competitiveness and new high-quality jobs through a sustainable European process industry.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WASTE-4a-2014 | Award Amount: 1.49M | Year: 2015

Europe generates around 3 billion tonnes of waste yearly, which is expected to grow further. Despite the introduction of innovative waste and recycling technologies, market uptake varies drastically amongst the 27 Member States. New-InnoNet is the new stakeholder platform initiative by 12 European consortium members active as entrepreneurs, researchers and policy makers. These recognise that in order to reach a European near zero waste economy, all value chain stakeholders must cooperate, exchange generated knowledge, insights and hands-on experience and enforce changes to the value chain structure together. Previous initiatives were unable to achieve actual, large scale results towards a sustainable growth of the European economy. The reason is that they either focussed on a specific waste area or they lacked the involvement of the competent industries. This project includes various waste value chains which enable exchange of information and technology transfer from one chain to another. In addition, the consortiums network includes over 2000 relevant industrial stakeholders and several already expressed their interest in this new stakeholder platform, its goals and actions. During the project, key stakeholders will be mobilised to participate in the platform and road mapping workshops, as only an active involvement of industrial organisations will lead to the desired changes in the structure of the value chain. The many letters of support show the consortiums strength in mobilising stakeholders. NEW_InnoNets main objective is to mobilise stakeholders towards building a circular economy by developing and reinforcing solid foundations for building the European Near-Zero Waste Platform through: 1. Set-up and maintain near zero waste stakeholder platform 2. Analyse selected waste streams and develop innovation roadmaps per waste stream 3. Develop an integrated near zero waste strategic research and innovation agenda 4. Stakeholder mobilisation and interaction


Sun Z.H.I.,Technical University of Delft | Xiao Y.,Tata Steel | Sietsma J.,Technical University of Delft | Agterhuis H.,Van Gansewinkel Groep BV | And 2 more authors.
Waste Management | Year: 2015

Recycling of valuable metals from electronic waste, especially complex mixtures of end-of-life information and communication technology (ICT) products, is of great difficulty due to their complexity and heterogeneity. One of the important reasons is the lack of comprehensive characterisation on such materials, i.e. accurate compositions, physical/chemical properties. In the present research, we focus on developing methodologies for the characterisation of metals in an industrially processed ICT waste. The morphology, particle size distribution, compositional distribution, occurrence, liberation as well as the thermo-chemical properties of the ICT waste were investigated with various characterisation techniques, including X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (XRF), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersed spectroscopy (EDS). Due to the high heterogeneity of the material, special sample preparation procedures were introduced to minimise the discrepancies during compositional analyses. As a result, a clearer overview of the ICT waste has been reached. This research provides better understanding of the extractability of each metal and improves the awareness of potential obstacles for extraction. It will lead to smarter decisions during further development of a clean and effective recovery process. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Sun Z.H.I.,Technical University of Delft | Xiao Y.,Tata Steel | Sietsma J.,Technical University of Delft | Agterhuis H.,Van Gansewinkel Groep BV | Yang Y.,Technical University of Delft
Waste Management | Year: 2016

Recovery of valuable metals from electronic waste has been highlighted by the EU directives. The difficulties for recycling are induced by the high complexity of such waste. In this research, copper could be selectively recovered using an ammonia-based process, from industrially processed information and communication technology (ICT) waste with high complexity. A detailed understanding on the role of ammonium salt was focused during both stages of leaching copper into a solution and the subsequent step for copper recovery from the solution. By comparing the reactivity of the leaching solution with different ammonium salts, their physiochemical behaviour as well as the leaching efficiency could be identified. The copper recovery rate could reach 95% with ammonium carbonate as the leaching salt. In the stage of copper recovery from the solution, electrodeposition was introduced without an additional solvent extraction step and the electrochemical behaviour of the solution was figured out. With a careful control of the electrodeposition conditions, the current efficiency could be improved to be 80-90% depending on the ammonia salts and high purity copper (99.9. wt.%). This research provides basis for improving the recyclability and efficiency of copper recovery from such electronic waste and the whole process design for copper recycling. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.


Sun Z.,Technical University of Delft | Xiao Y.,Tata Steel | Agterhuis H.,Van Gansewinkel Groep BV | Sietsma J.,Technical University of Delft | Yang Y.,Technical University of Delft
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2016

Urban mining has attracted increasing attention as a research topic, owing to the high growth rate, environmental issues, and market potential of waste generated in urban areas. Metal recovery from such waste has become increasingly important especially in accordance with the concept of metal criticality. This study develops a model by evaluating various types of urban waste in order to understand the criticality of these waste streams and determine their potential for metal recovery. Two factors, i.e. the resource index and technology index, are defined and assessed through a systematic review of data from the literature and industry. High values of the resource index indicate that the waste is important to the European Union (EU) economy and hence has significant potential for recycling as a resource. Furthermore, a high technology index indicates that the waste can be processed for metal recovery with less technology investment than that required for a waste that has a low technology index. However, a high environmental impact for the recovery of metals, indicates that processing of the waste is difficult and potentially has high impact on the environment. A case study of 11 waste streams from a local recycling company is performed, by using the correlation of these two indices. The results of the evaluation suggest that the information and communication technology (ICT) scrap and the rare-earth elements (REEs) containing end-of-life (EOL) products exhibit significant potential for metals recovery. The technical aspects governing the recovery of valuable metals from these two resources are further analysed and potential processing routes (flowsheets) can be suggested. Combined with both physical separation and metallurgical processing, the proposed evaluation methodology and the processing routes for targeted critical metals, are expected to contribute to the development of competitive recycling technologies. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Sun Z.H.I.,Technical University of Delft | Xiao Y.,Tata Steel | Sietsma J.,Technical University of Delft | Agterhuis H.,Van Gansewinkel Groep BV | And 2 more authors.
Hydrometallurgy | Year: 2015

Electronic waste treatment within EU has focused on valuable metal recycling and has been defined by the EU directives. The difficulties for recycling are induced by the high complexity of such waste. In this research, a hydrometallurgical process was developed to recycle copper from industrially processed information and communication technology (ICT) waste. By using air as the oxidant and ammonia-ammonium carbonate leaching solution, copper could be extracted with high recovery - more than 90%, and high extraction selectivity - around 98%. In order to understand the copper extraction process and the reaction mechanisms, the effects of a range of parameters during copper leaching were comprehensively investigated, including ammonia concentration, leaching temperature, ammonium carbonate concentration, the liquid-to-solid ratio, air flow rate and mechanical stirring rate. The controlling step for the leaching kinetics was identified and the effects of different parameters were investigated. This research is potentially beneficial for further optimisation of the copper leaching process and the whole process design for copper recycling after incorporating with solvent purification and electrowinning of the copper-rich solution. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Technical University of Delft, Van Gansewinkel Groep BV and Tata Steel
Type: | Journal: Waste management (New York, N.Y.) | Year: 2016

Recovery of valuable metals from electronic waste has been highlighted by the EU directives. The difficulties for recycling are induced by the high complexity of such waste. In this research, copper could be selectively recovered using an ammonia-based process, from industrially processed information and communication technology (ICT) waste with high complexity. A detailed understanding on the role of ammonium salt was focused during both stages of leaching copper into a solution and the subsequent step for copper recovery from the solution. By comparing the reactivity of the leaching solution with different ammonium salts, their physiochemical behaviour as well as the leaching efficiency could be identified. The copper recovery rate could reach 95% with ammonium carbonate as the leaching salt. In the stage of copper recovery from the solution, electrodeposition was introduced without an additional solvent extraction step and the electrochemical behaviour of the solution was figured out. With a careful control of the electrodeposition conditions, the current efficiency could be improved to be 80-90% depending on the ammonia salts and high purity copper (99.9wt.%). This research provides basis for improving the recyclability and efficiency of copper recovery from such electronic waste and the whole process design for copper recycling.


Xiao Y.,Materials Innovation Institute M2i | Yang Y.,Technical University of Delft | Van Den Berg J.,Technical University of Delft | Sietsma J.,Technical University of Delft | And 3 more authors.
Hydrometallurgy | Year: 2013

Hydrometallurgical recovery of copper from complex fine mixture scrap generated by shredding EoL (end-of-life) ICT (information and communications technology) products has been experimentally investigated. Tested leaching agents include sulphuric acid, ammonia-ammonium carbonate and ammonia-ammonium sulphate solutions, with or without addition of hydrogen peroxide. The results show that ammonia leaching has high selectivity for copper, and it could serve as a first step to recover the copper content in the e-waste, which is one of the major valuable metals. The feasibility of direct electrowinning of copper from the ammonia leaching solution with about 20 g/l Cu was investigated. Copper with 98.9% purity was obtained, with a current efficiency of 50-70% and the major impurity of Pb. The product purity could be improved with solution purification and adoption of inert anode. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.


Patent
Van Gansewinkel Groep B.V. | Date: 2011-09-28

The present invention relates to a device suitable for processing products that comprise mercury, such as flat screens, and to a method for processing flat screens. As a rule, the processing (or recycling) of electrical appliances involves converting the same into various raw materials for the production of new appliances. The present invention relates to a method for processing a residual product that contains mercury, such as flat screen, which method comprises the steps of reducing the residual product, thereby obtaining particles having a suitable size, heating said particles to a temperature within the range of 30 C to 120 C for a period of 5 - 120 minutes, thereby producing mercury vapour, and immobilising mercury vapour,and to a device therefor.


PubMed | Technical University of Delft and Van Gansewinkel Groep BV
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Environmental science & technology | Year: 2015

In recent years, recovery of metals from electronic waste within the European Union has become increasingly important due to potential supply risk of strategic raw material and environmental concerns. Electronic waste, especially a mixture of end-of-life electronic products from a variety of sources, is of inherently high complexity in composition, phase, and physiochemical properties. In this research, a closed-loop hydrometallurgical process was developed to recover valuable metals, i.e., copper and precious metals, from an industrially processed information and communication technology waste. A two-stage leaching design of this process was adopted in order to selectively extract copper and enrich precious metals. It was found that the recovery efficiency and extraction selectivity of copper both reached more than 95% by using ammonia-based leaching solutions. A new electrodeposition process has been proven feasible with 90% current efficiency during copper recovery, and the copper purity can reach 99.8 wt %. The residue from the first-stage leaching was screened into coarse and fine fractions. The coarse fraction was returned to be releached for further copper recovery. The fine fraction was treated in the second-stage leaching using sulfuric acid to further concentrate precious metals, which could achieve a 100% increase in their concentrations in the residue with negligible loss into the leaching solution. By a combination of different leaching steps and proper physical separation of light materials, this process can achieve closed-loop recycling of the waste with significant efficiency.

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