Vaasa, Finland

Vaasan ammattikorkeakoulu VAMK, University of Applied science is an international higher education institution educating Bachelors of Business Administration, Engineering, Hospitality Management and Social Services as well as Registered Nurses and Public Health Nurses in Finnish, Swedish and English for the demanding needs of the working life. VAMK has approximately 3,300 students enrolled and a staff of circa 250 members. Business Economics Tourism Health Care and Social Services Technology and Communication Information ProcessingVAMK offers education in three languages in a total of 17 degree programmes. In addition to the Finnish degree programmes, VAMK has three Swedish and three English degree programmes. Close collaboration with the working-life is an essential aspect of learning. A degree taken at the University of Applied science includes theoretical, professional studies, practical training in specialty field and the final thesis.There are approximately 500 degree students in the ten adult education degree programmes. In the Open University of Applied science you can add onto your professional skills or take degree-oriented studies. VAMK also offers degree programmes leading to a polytechnic Master's degree. Specialisation studies are aimed at those already in the working life to supplement their professional skills. There is also continuing education for businesses and organisations in all fields taught at VAMK. Wikipedia.


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Niela-Vilen H.,University of Turku | Axelin A.,University of Turku | Salantera S.,University of Turku | Melender H.-L.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Nursing Studies | Year: 2014

Objectives: The Internet and social media provide various possibilities for online peer support. The aim of this review was to explore Internet-based peer-support interventions and their outcomes for parents. Design: A systematic integrative review. Data sources: The systematic search was carried out in March 2014 in PubMed, Cinahl, PsycINFO and Cochrane databases. Review methods: Two reviewers independently screened the titles (n= 1793), abstracts and full texts to decide which articles should be chosen. The inclusion criteria were: (1) an Internet-based community as an intervention, or at least as a component of an intervention; (2) the participants in the Internet-based community had to be mothers and/or fathers or pregnant women; (3) the parents had to interact and communicate with each other through the Internet-based community. The data was analysed using content analysis. When analysing peer-support interventions only interventions developed by researchers were included and when analysing the outcomes for the parents, studies that focused on mothers, fathers or both parents were separated. Results: In total, 38 publications met the inclusion criteria. Most of the studies focused on Internet-based peer support between mothers (n= 16) or both parents (n= 15) and seven focused on fathers. In 16 studies, the Internet-based interventions had been developed by researchers and 22 studies used already existing Internet peer-support groups, in which any person using the Internet could participate. For mothers, Internet-based peer support provided emotional support, information and membership in a social community. For fathers, it provided support for the transition to fatherhood, information and humorous communication. Mothers were more active users of Internet-based peer-support groups than fathers. In general, parents were satisfied with Internet-based peer support. The evidence of the effectiveness of Internet-based peer support was inconclusive but no harmful effects were reported in these reviewed studies. Conclusions: Internet-based peer support provided informational support for parents and was accessible despite geographical distance or time constraints. Internet-based peer support is a unique form of parental support, not replacing but supplementing support offered by professionals. Experimental studies in this area are needed. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Gao C.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences | Hakala I.,University of Jyväskylä
IEEE International Conference on Communications | Year: 2012

In this paper we present our experimental result of using wireless noise sensor network (WNSN) to detect road traffic. With the features implemented in our network such as multipoint measuring, synchronization, real-time data availability, and strict compliance of sound level meter (SLM) standard IEC 61672:2003, we assert the possibility of using WNSN to detect road traffic, such as vehicle amount, size, and velocity. This application can be extended and integrated as a part of Intelligent Transportation System (ITS). © 2012 IEEE.


Hilli Y.,Novia University of Applied Sciences | Hilli Y.,Oslo University College | Melender H.-L.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences | Salmu M.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences | Jonsen E.,Umeå University
Nurse Education Today | Year: 2014

Background: Positive preceptor experiences enhance learning and even affect the decisions of students to remain in nursing. In light of this, nurse managers have a responsibility, besides maintaining staff competence, to assess whether preceptors live up to their professional obligations. Aim: The aim of this Nordic qualitative study was to gain a deeper understanding of the perceived experiences of preceptorship used to support undergraduate student nurses during their clinical education. Method: Data was collected through narrative interviews with 31 preceptors in Finland and Sweden before being analysed using a hermeneutical approach. Findings: Preceptorship is all about teaching in a supportive environment with ethical dimensions uniting theory and praxis. A caring relationship is essential and the basis for student learning and development. Conclusion: The preceptors emphasise a caring relationship as the foundation for student learning. Moreover, preceptorship is an ethical issue, a responsibility that should be recognised by all stakeholders. The findings suggest that preceptorship should be examined from a new perspective. The ethical dimension must be recognised and linked to the further education of preceptors. Nurse managers are in a key position to lead for change. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Makela J.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Modern Physics D | Year: 2014

We consider a microscopic model of a stretched horizon of the Reissner-Nordström black hole. In our model, the stretched horizon consists of discrete constituents. Using our model we obtain an explicit, analytic expression for the partition function of the hole. Our partition function implies, among other things, the Hawking effect, and provides it with a microscopic explanation as a phase transition taking place at the stretched horizon. The partition function also implies the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy law. The model and its consequences are similar to those obtained previously for the Schwarzschild black hole. © World Scientific Publishing Company.


Aglina M.K.,Ho Polytechnic | Agbejule A.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences | Nyamuame G.Y.,Ho Polytechnic
Energy Policy | Year: 2016

Energy has become the main driver for development as industries grow, agricultural sectors become more modernized, economies boom and countries become wealthy. There are still vast majority of people living under the poverty line especially in the ECOWAS region. The purpose of this study is to explore how improvements in energy access can be a key driver in economic development and progress in the ECOWAS region. Data for the study was obtained from the database of the World Bank. A regression analysis was carried out to establish the relationships between energy access and development indicators. The paper suggests the need for policy makers in the ECOWAS region to focus on targets, such as household access, consumption of electricity, and ease of use instead on supply targets that focus merely on physical coverage. A case on how Ghana is improving energy access is presented. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Makela J.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013

We consider a possibility that the cosmological constant may not be a constant, but a free thermodynamical variable. To this end we construct a microscopic model of a spacelike two-sphere just inside of the cosmological horizon of the de Sitter spacetime. In our model the spacelike two-sphere in question is assumed to consist of discrete constituents, each of them contributing to the two-sphere an area, which is an integer times a constant. Using our model we obtain a thermodynamical equation of state for the cosmological constant. Our equation of state implies that the cosmological constant has a certain positive lower bound, which depends on the number of the constituents of the two-sphere. © 2013 American Physical Society.


Moghadampour G.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing | Year: 2012

The refinement process in genetic algorithms is carried out mainly by crossover and mutation operators. In their classical forms these operators need to be tuned through parameters and they are not efficient enough. Moreover, lack of sufficient variation in the population causes genetic algorithms to stagnate at local optima. In this work a new dynamic mutation operator called random building block operator with variable mutation rate proportionate to the number of variables in the problem is proposed. This operator does not require any pre-fixed parameter. At runtime it dynamically takes into account the length of the binary presentation of the individual and the number of variables in the problem and replaces a randomly selected section of the individual by a randomly generated bit string of the same size. Experimentation with 33 test functions, 231 test cases and 11550 test runs proved the superiority of the proposed dynamic mutation operator over single-point mutation operator with 1%, 5% and 8% mutation rates and the multipoint mutation operator with 5%, 8% and 15% mutation rates. Based on the experimentation results the random building block operator can be proposed as a better substitution of single-point and multipoint mutation operators. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.


Makela J.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2015

The choice of the area operator in loop quantum gravity is by no means unique. In addition to the area operator commonly used in loop quantum gravity there is also an area operator introduced by Krasnov in 1998, which gives uniformly spaced area spectra for the horizons of spacetime. Using Krasnov's area operator we consider the thermodynamics of spherically symmetric spacetimes equipped with horizons in loop quantum gravity. Among other things, our approach implies, in a pretty simple manner, that every horizon of spacetime emits thermal radiation and possesses entropy which, in the natural units, is one-quarter of its area. When applied to the de Sitter spacetime loop quantum gravity provides an explanation both to the presence and the smallness of the cosmological constant. © 2015 American Physical Society.


Makela J.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
Entropy | Year: 2011

We consider a microscopic model of a stretched horizon of the Schwarzschild black hole. In our model the stretched horizon consists of a finite number of discrete constituents. Assuming that the quantum states of the Schwarzschild black hole are encoded in the quantum states of the constituents of its stretched horizon in a certain manner we obtain an explicit, analytic expression for the partition function of the hole. Our partition function predicts, among other things, the Hawking effect, and provides it with a microscopic, statistical interpretation. © 2011 by the author; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Makela J.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2016

We point out that with a specific counting of states loop quantum gravity implies that black holes perform a phase transition at a certain characteristic temperature TC. In this phase transition the punctures of the spin network on the stretched horizon of the black hole jump, in effect, from the vacuum to the excited states. The characteristic temperature TC may be regarded as the lowest possible temperature of the hole. From the point of view of a distant observer at rest with respect to the hole, the characteristic temperature TC corresponds to the Hawking temperature of the hole. © 2016 American Physical Society.

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