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Vaasa, Finland

Vaasan ammattikorkeakoulu VAMK, University of Applied science is an international higher education institution educating Bachelors of Business Administration, Engineering, Hospitality Management and Social Services as well as Registered Nurses and Public Health Nurses in Finnish, Swedish and English for the demanding needs of the working life. VAMK has approximately 3,300 students enrolled and a staff of circa 250 members. Business Economics Tourism Health Care and Social Services Technology and Communication Information ProcessingVAMK offers education in three languages in a total of 17 degree programmes. In addition to the Finnish degree programmes, VAMK has three Swedish and three English degree programmes. Close collaboration with the working-life is an essential aspect of learning. A degree taken at the University of Applied science includes theoretical, professional studies, practical training in specialty field and the final thesis.There are approximately 500 degree students in the ten adult education degree programmes. In the Open University of Applied science you can add onto your professional skills or take degree-oriented studies. VAMK also offers degree programmes leading to a polytechnic Master's degree. Specialisation studies are aimed at those already in the working life to supplement their professional skills. There is also continuing education for businesses and organisations in all fields taught at VAMK. Wikipedia.

Hilli Y.,Oslo University College | Melender H.-L.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences | Year: 2015

Clinical preception in practice plays a significant role in the education of both Registered Nurses and practical nurses. This study presents the evaluation of an interprofessional research and development project (2009-2103) on clinical preceptorship between two universities of applied sciences, two vocational institutes and four healthcare organisations in western Finland. The research question was as follows: How did the participants evaluate the process and outcomes of developing preceptorship through an action-research approach? The primary target group consisted of professionals within the healthcare sector and nursing teachers at the universities of applied sciences and the vocational institutes. The five units represented in the healthcare organisations functioned as clinical practice placements for both nursing and practical nursing students, with Registered Nurses and practical nurses acting as their preceptors. Each unit developed a unique preceptorship model to answer their specific needs. The models were implemented and tested during one academic year followed by a quantitative (a 4-point scale) and qualitative evaluation of the process. The models are presented in another article, and the evaluation results are presented in this article. The evaluation showed that preceptorship has become an important and accepted part of work, including the practice of starting any preception at a unit with a thorough introduction. The project's emphasis on critical thinking, reflection and focus on ethics were valued by the staff. Pedagogical further education should be arranged on a regular basis to strengthen the knowledge base of the preceptors. Furthermore, enough time for preceptorship should be allocated, as it is a pedagogical duty. The implication of this project is that more cooperation between different stake holders is needed, in order to narrow the gap between theory and praxis. © 2015 Nordic College of Caring Science. Source

Makela J.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Modern Physics D | Year: 2014

We consider a microscopic model of a stretched horizon of the Reissner-Nordström black hole. In our model, the stretched horizon consists of discrete constituents. Using our model we obtain an explicit, analytic expression for the partition function of the hole. Our partition function implies, among other things, the Hawking effect, and provides it with a microscopic explanation as a phase transition taking place at the stretched horizon. The partition function also implies the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy law. The model and its consequences are similar to those obtained previously for the Schwarzschild black hole. © World Scientific Publishing Company. Source

Niela-Vilen H.,University of Turku | Axelin A.,University of Turku | Salantera S.,University of Turku | Melender H.-L.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Nursing Studies | Year: 2014

Objectives: The Internet and social media provide various possibilities for online peer support. The aim of this review was to explore Internet-based peer-support interventions and their outcomes for parents. Design: A systematic integrative review. Data sources: The systematic search was carried out in March 2014 in PubMed, Cinahl, PsycINFO and Cochrane databases. Review methods: Two reviewers independently screened the titles (n= 1793), abstracts and full texts to decide which articles should be chosen. The inclusion criteria were: (1) an Internet-based community as an intervention, or at least as a component of an intervention; (2) the participants in the Internet-based community had to be mothers and/or fathers or pregnant women; (3) the parents had to interact and communicate with each other through the Internet-based community. The data was analysed using content analysis. When analysing peer-support interventions only interventions developed by researchers were included and when analysing the outcomes for the parents, studies that focused on mothers, fathers or both parents were separated. Results: In total, 38 publications met the inclusion criteria. Most of the studies focused on Internet-based peer support between mothers (n= 16) or both parents (n= 15) and seven focused on fathers. In 16 studies, the Internet-based interventions had been developed by researchers and 22 studies used already existing Internet peer-support groups, in which any person using the Internet could participate. For mothers, Internet-based peer support provided emotional support, information and membership in a social community. For fathers, it provided support for the transition to fatherhood, information and humorous communication. Mothers were more active users of Internet-based peer-support groups than fathers. In general, parents were satisfied with Internet-based peer support. The evidence of the effectiveness of Internet-based peer support was inconclusive but no harmful effects were reported in these reviewed studies. Conclusions: Internet-based peer support provided informational support for parents and was accessible despite geographical distance or time constraints. Internet-based peer support is a unique form of parental support, not replacing but supplementing support offered by professionals. Experimental studies in this area are needed. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Makela J.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
Entropy | Year: 2011

We consider a microscopic model of a stretched horizon of the Schwarzschild black hole. In our model the stretched horizon consists of a finite number of discrete constituents. Assuming that the quantum states of the Schwarzschild black hole are encoded in the quantum states of the constituents of its stretched horizon in a certain manner we obtain an explicit, analytic expression for the partition function of the hole. Our partition function predicts, among other things, the Hawking effect, and provides it with a microscopic, statistical interpretation. © 2011 by the author; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

Makela J.,Vaasa University of Applied Sciences
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013

We consider a possibility that the cosmological constant may not be a constant, but a free thermodynamical variable. To this end we construct a microscopic model of a spacelike two-sphere just inside of the cosmological horizon of the de Sitter spacetime. In our model the spacelike two-sphere in question is assumed to consist of discrete constituents, each of them contributing to the two-sphere an area, which is an integer times a constant. Using our model we obtain a thermodynamical equation of state for the cosmological constant. Our equation of state implies that the cosmological constant has a certain positive lower bound, which depends on the number of the constituents of the two-sphere. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

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