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Choubert J.-M.,IRSTEA | Rieger L.,EnviroSim Associates Ltd | Shaw A.,Black and Veatch Corporation | Copp J.,Primodal Inc. | And 7 more authors.
Water Science and Technology | Year: 2013

Increasingly stringent effluent limits and an expanding scope of model system boundaries beyond activated sludge has led to new modelling objectives and consequently to new and often more detailed modelling concepts. Nearly three decades after the publication of Activated Sludge Model No1 (ASM1), the authors believe it is time to re-evaluate wastewater characterisation procedures and targets. The present position paper gives a brief overview of state-of-the-art methods and discusses newly developed measurement techniques on a conceptual level. Potential future paths are presented including on-line instrumentation, promising measuring techniques, and mathematical solutions to fractionation problems. This is accompanied by a discussion on standardisation needs to increase modelling efficiency in our industry. © IWA Publishing 2013.


Lahnsteiner J.,VA Technology WABAG GmbH | Mittal R.,VA Technology WABAG India Ltd.
Water Science and Technology | Year: 2010

In this paper the reclamation and reuse of municipal secondary effluents, as well as the reclamation and recycling of refinery secondary effluents, are technically and economically evaluated. It is shown that both practices are feasible and sustainable, and that the reclamation costs depend largely on specific circumstances such as legal requirements, price policy, reuse application, raw water composition, etc. The reclaimed water is reused, or respectively recycled, as boiler make-up. Therefore both reclamation plants employ advanced multi-barrier systems including ultra-filtration and reverse osmosis. The employed processes have shown excellent performance with regard to the removal of critical parameters such as silica. For example, this parameter was reduced from 13 mg/l in the raw water to 7 μg/l in the boiler make-up. © IWA Publishing 2010.


Lahnsteiner J.,VA Technology WABAG GmbH | Andrade P.,VA Technology WABAG Ltd | Mittal R.D.,VA Technology WABAG Ltd
Water Practice and Technology | Year: 2012

The Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. Panipat had to build two water reclamation plants as a response to the demands of the environmental authorities. The plants, which treat secondary refinery and various refinery/petrochemical process effluents, were commissioned in 2006 and 2010 respectively. Advanced multi-barrier systems (including ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis) have been employed in order to meet the stringent quality requirements for the recycling of boiler make-up water. Excellent results with regard to the removal of the major parameters such as total dissolved solids (TDS) and silica have been accomplished, e.g. silica is mainly removed by RO (from 11.6 mg/L in the UF outlet to 0.09 mg/L in the RO permeate (99.2% removal)) and is then reduced further to 0.007 mg/L (7 μg/L; total removal 99.94%) in the mixed bed ion exchanger (20 μg/L is the specified limit for boiler make-up water in various power plant guidelines). Both UF process units have shown relatively good performance. The older UF has been in operation for more than five years with still acceptable permeability values and a relatively low number of fibre breakages. © IWA Publishing 2012.


Walder C.,VA Technology WABAG GmbH | Lindtner S.,EDAB GmbH | Proesl A.,VA Technology WABAG GmbH | Klegraf F.,VA Technology WABAG GmbH | Weissenbacher N.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna
Water Science and Technology | Year: 2013

The ATV-A-131 guideline and the design approach published in 'Wastewater Engineering, Treatment and Reuse (WE)' are widely used for the design of activated sludge plants. They are both based on simplified steady-state assumptions tailored to the boundary conditions of temperate climates. Using design guidelines beyond the designated temperature range may lead to inappropriate results. The objectives of this paper are (1) to summarise temperature relevant differences between ATV-A-131 and WE; (2) to show the related design components; and (3) to demonstrate a procedure for design parameter adaptation for a full-scale activated sludge plant located in a warm climate region. To gain steady-state data required for wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) design according to ATV-A-131 and WE, full-scale plant data were acquired for a period of 6 months as a basis for analyses and adaptation. Mass balances were calculated for the verification of the measurements and for analysing excess sludge production. The two approaches showed relevant temperature related differences. WE default application resulted in lower deviation in the mass balance results for excess sludge production. However, with the adaptation of the heterotrophic decay rates for both approaches and the inert organic and mineral solids fraction additionally for ATV-A-131, a good fit to the observed excess sludge production could be achieved. © 2013 IWA Publishing.


Lahnsteiner J.,VA Technology WABAG GmbH | Andrade P.,VA Technology WABAG Ltd. | Mittal R.,VA Technology WABAG Ltd.
Water Practice and Technology | Year: 2015

In response to environmental stipulations and limited fresh water resources, the Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. Panipat and Essar Oil Ltd. Vadinar had to build water reclamation plants. The plants, which mainly treat refinery effluents, were commissioned in 2006 and 2012, respectively. Advanced multi-barrier systems (including Ultrafiltraion (UF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO)) were employed in order to meet the stringent quality requirements for the recycling of boiler make-up and good results with regard to all the requested standards have been achieved. The Panipat UF membranes have a lifetime of 6 years and rather than integrity, which remains quite good (fibre breakages ,0.1‰/year), the main reason for replacement is relatively low permeability (50-60 L/m2*h*bar). The operating cost (including membrane replacement) has been calculated as 0.37 EUR/m3 of recycled boiler make-up. © IWA Publishing 2015.


PubMed | VA Technology WABAG GmbH
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research | Year: 2012

The ATV-A-131 guideline and the design approach published in Wastewater Engineering, Treatment and Reuse (WE) are widely used for the design of activated sludge plants. They are both based on simplified steady-state assumptions tailored to the boundary conditions of temperate climates. Using design guidelines beyond the designated temperature range may lead to inappropriate results. The objectives of this paper are (1) to summarise temperature relevant differences between ATV-A-131 and WE; (2) to show the related design components; and (3) to demonstrate a procedure for design parameter adaptation for a full-scale activated sludge plant located in a warm climate region. To gain steady-state data required for wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) design according to ATV-A-131 and WE, full-scale plant data were acquired for a period of 6 months as a basis for analyses and adaptation. Mass balances were calculated for the verification of the measurements and for analysing excess sludge production. The two approaches showed relevant temperature related differences. WE default application resulted in lower deviation in the mass balance results for excess sludge production. However, with the adaptation of the heterotrophic decay rates for both approaches and the inert organic and mineral solids fraction additionally for ATV-A-131, a good fit to the observed excess sludge production could be achieved.


PubMed | VA Technology WABAG GmbH
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research | Year: 2010

In this paper the reclamation and reuse of municipal secondary effluents, as well as the reclamation and recycling of refinery secondary effluents, are technically and economically evaluated. It is shown that both practices are feasible and sustainable, and that the reclamation costs depend largely on specific circumstances such as legal requirements, price policy, reuse application, raw water composition, etc. The reclaimed water is reused, or respectively recycled, as boiler make-up. Therefore both reclamation plants employ advanced multi-barrier systems including ultra-filtration and reverse osmosis. The employed processes have shown excellent performance with regard to the removal of critical parameters such as silica. For example, this parameter was reduced from 13mg/l in the raw water to 7g/l in the boiler make-up.

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