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Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany

Tunn U.W.,Prostate Center | Gruca D.,AbbVie Deutschland GmbH and Co | Bacher P.,AbbVie
Clinical Interventions in Aging | Year: 2013

For nearly three decades, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, particularly leuprorelin acetate (LA), have served as an important part of the treatment armamentarium for prostate cancer. The introduction of LA depot formulations provided a significant improvement in the acceptance of this therapy; however, their indicated treatment duration of 1 to 4 months was still not long enough to satisfy all medical needs. For this reason some manufacturers developed new injectable formulations that provide testosterone suppression for 6 months. This review article assesses key publications in order to compare these long-acting, commercially available, LA depot formulations and their clinical performance. The literature search identified 14 publications; by excluding reviews, duplications, and non-English articles, only three original papers describing clinical trial remained for review: two focused on microsphere-based LA formulations with either a 30 mg or 45 mg dose and one focused on a gel-based leuprorelin acetate with a 45 mg dose. All products were tested in individual clinical trials and have demonstrated their efficacy and safety. © 2013 Tunn et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd. Source


Anderson R.T.,Pennsylvania State University | Anderson R.T.,Penn State College of Medicine | Baran R.W.,Abbott Laboratories | Erickson P.,Pennsylvania State University | And 4 more authors.
Quality of Life Research | Year: 2014

Purpose: To describe the psychometric properties and identify the minimally important difference (MID) of the hepatitis C virus patient-reported outcomes (HCV-PRO) instrument. Chronic HCV infection and associated treatments negatively affect PROs of function and well-being. Methods: In a phase 2 trial, HCV-infected patients received direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for 12 weeks with peg-interferon/ribavirin (peg-IFN/RBV) for 48 weeks, or placebo plus peg-IFN/RBV. The HCV-PRO total score, SF-36 PCS and MCS scores, EQ-5D-3L, and EQ VAS were measured at baseline, week 8, end of DAA treatment (EODT), end of peg-IFN/RBV treatment (EOT), and posttreatment week 24 (SVR24). Convergent validity of the HCV-PRO was assessed by Pearson's correlation coefficients. Discriminant validity was assessed by analyzing mean HCV-PRO total scores by EQ-5D anxiety/depression and pain/discomfort domain scores (none vs. some) and presence/absence of depression or fatigue adverse events. MID was identified through effect size (ES) and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses (HCV-PRO response vs. SF-36 PCS/MCS and EQ VAS MID thresholds). Results: In 74 patients (22 % female; 81 % White; 51 % ≤50 years), correlations (0.64-0.96) between HCV-PRO total scores, SF-36 PCS/MCS scores, and EQ VAS scores at all time points supported convergent validity. HCV-PRO total scores were reduced to 10-30 points in patients impaired by depression, pain, or fatigue symptoms. Impact of peg-IFN/RBV regimen on HCV-PRO ES increased over time (EODT -0.76; EOT -0.93). ES and ROC curve analyses indicated an MID of -10 points. Conclusion: The HCV-PRO was valid and responsive in the population studied. An MID of -10 points represented a threshold of clinical significance for the HCV-PRO. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source


Reinisch W.,Medical University of Vienna | Sandborn W.J.,University of California at San Diego | Panaccione R.,University of Calgary | Huang B.,Abbvie Inc. | And 3 more authors.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases | Year: 2013

Background: The results of an open-label follow-up until week 52 of patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis who participated in a double-blind placebo-controlled adalimumab induction trial (ULTRA 1, NCT00385736) are reported. Methods: The study included adult anti-tumor necrosis factor-naive patients who completed double-blind adalimumab induction under an amended protocol (intent-to-treat [ITT]-A3 population) or any version of the protocol (ITT-E). Patients randomized to placebo received adalimumab beginning at week 8; patients randomized to adalimumab continued every other week dosing. Weekly dosing was allowed beginning at week 14 (original protocol) or week 12 (amended protocol). Clinical remission (Mayo score ≤2, no subscore >1), clinical response (decrease in Mayo score ≥3 points and ≥30% from baseline, plus decrease in rectal bleeding subscore ≥1 or absolute rectal bleeding subscore ≤1), mucosal healing (endoscopy subscore ≤1), escalation to weekly dosing, and reduction in corticosteroid use were assessed at week 52 in the pooled ITT-A3 and pooled ITT-E populations, using modified nonresponder imputation. Results: Rates of clinical remission, clinical response, and mucosal healing at week 52 for the ITT-A3 population (N = 390) were 29.5%, 53.6%, and 46.7%, respectively; 38.8% of week 8 responders achieved clinical remission at week 52. Of patients using baseline corticosteroids (N = 234), 56.0% were corticosteroid-free at week 52 (26.1% in clinical remission). Results of the ITT-E population were similar. No new safety issues were identified. Conclusions: In this open-label study, adalimumab was effective for maintaining clinical remission in anti-tumor necrosis factor-naive patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis who did not adequately respond to conventional therapy. Copyright © 2013 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc. Source

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