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Banati M.,University of Pecs | Csecsei P.,University of Pecs | Koszegi E.,University of Pecs | Nielsen H.H.,University of Southern Denmark | And 12 more authors.
European Journal of Neurology | Year: 2013

Background: Antibodies against gastrointestinal antigens may indicate altered microbiota and immune responses in the gut. Recent experimental data suggest a connection between gastrointestinal immune responses and CNS autoimmunity. Methods: Antibodies against gliadin, tissue transglutaminase (tTG), intrinsic factor (IF), parietal cells (PC) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ASCA) were screened in the sera of 45 patients with AQP4-seropositive neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and NMO spectrum diseases (NMO/NMO-SD), 17 patients with AQP4-seronegative NMO, 85 patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS), and 48 healthy controls (HC). Results: Thirty-seven percentages of patients with AQP4-seropositive NMO/NMO-SD and 28% of patients with MS had at least one particular antibody in contrast to 8% of HC (P < 0.01, respectively). Antibodies were most common (46%) in AQP4-seropositive myelitis (P = 0.01 versus HS, P = 0.05 versus MS). Anti-gliadin and ASCA were more frequent in the AQP4-seropositive NMO-spectrum compared to controls (P = 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Conclusion: Antibody responses against gastrointestinal antigens are common in MS and AQP4-seropositive NMO/NMO-SD, especially in longitudinally extensive myelitis. © 2013 EFNS. Source

Cseprekal O.,Semmelweis University | Egresits J.,Semmelweis University | Egresits J.,University of Regensburg | Tabak A.,Semmelweis University | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Human Hypertension | Year: 2016

Measures of small and large artery dysfunction have not been investigated in a single cohort for the prediction of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with nondialysed (ND) chronic kidney disease (CKD). This prospective cohort study aimed to determine whether central pulse wave velocity (cPWV), central pulse pressure (CPP) or microvascular post-occlusive reactive hyperaemia area (PORH HA) independently predict CV events and mortality in CKD-ND. A total of 94 stage 1-5 CKD-ND (65.3±13.1 years; estimated glomerular filtration rate 35.3 (22.8-49.4) ml min -1 per 1.73 m 2) patients were followed-up for a median of 52 (36-65) months and had baseline cPWV and CPP measured by applanation tonometry and PORH HA by laser Doppler flowmetry. Multiple failure time Cox regression models were used to determine the predictive role of vascular parameters on CV mortality and events. Based on multiple linear regressions, baseline age, diabetes, CV disease, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were independently related to cPWV (R 2 =0.3), SBP and PORH HA to CPP (R 2 =0.45), whereas CPP was the only parameter independently related to PORH HA (R 2 =0.16, all P<0.05). During follow-up, 41 CV events occurred (14 CV deaths). In univariate analyses, cPWV (1.07 (1.02-1.13) per m s -1), CPP (1.04 (1.01-1.07) per mm Hg) and lnPORH HA (0.70 (0.58-0.85) per ln(PU × s)) were all related to the outcome. Baseline diabetes (HR 3.07 (1.65-5.68)), lnFGF23 (fibroblast growth factor-23; 1.86 (1.13-3.06) per RU ml -1) and CPP (1.04 (1.01-1.07) per mm Hg) were independent predictors of CV events. The impaired pulsatile component of large arteries (CPP) independently of other vascular markers (cPWV, PORH HA) predicted CV outcomes in CKD-ND. CPP may integrate the information provided by cPWV and PORH HA. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. Source

Szabo M.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Veres Z.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Baranyai Z.,Uzsoki Teaching Hospital | Jakab F.,Uzsoki Teaching Hospital | Jemnitz K.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Human hepatocytes are the gold standard for toxicological studies but they have several drawbacks, like scarce availability, high inter-individual variability, a short lifetime, which limits their applicability. The aim of our investigations was to determine, whether HepaRG cells could replace human hepatocytes in uptake experiments for toxicity studies. HepaRG is a hepatoma cell line with most hepatic functions, including a considerable expression of uptake transporters in contrast to other hepatic immortalized cell lines. We compared the effect of cholestatic drugs (bosentan, cyclosporinA, troglitazone,) and bromosulfophthalein on the uptake of taurocholate and estrone-3-sulfate in human and rat hepatocytes and HepaRG cells. The substrate uptake was significantly slower in HepaRG cells than in human hepatocytes, still, in the presence of drugs we observed a concentration dependent decrease in uptake. In all cell types, the culture time had a significant impact not only on the uptake process but on the inhibitory effect of drugs too. The most significant drug effect was measured at 4 h after seeding. Our report is among the first concerning interactions of the uptake transporters in the HepaRG, at the functional level. Results of the present study clearly show that concerning the inhibition of taurocholate uptake by cholestatic drugs, HepaRG cells are closer to human hepatocytes than rat hepatocytes. In conclusion, we demonstrated that HepaRG cells may provide a suitable tool for hepatic uptake studies. © 2013 Szabo et al. Source

Dede K.,Uzsoki Teaching Hospital | Mersich T.,Uzsoki Teaching Hospital | Besznyak I.,Uzsoki Teaching Hospital | Zarand A.,Semmelweis University | And 5 more authors.
Pathology and Oncology Research | Year: 2013

Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer receive chemotherapy prior liver resection more and more frequently. This preoperative treatment has many effects which have to be analysed, like the safety of liver resection, toxicity, tissue regeneration, radiological and pathological response and survival data. The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety of bevacizumab containing preoperative chemotherapy and functional recovery of the liver after resection for colorectal liver metastases (CLM) and to analyse radiological and pathological data. Data of three groups of 120 consecutive patients - (1) CTX + BV: cytotoxic chemotherapy + bevacizumab, (2) CTX: cytotoxic chemotherapy, (3) NC: no treatment before liver resection - were analysed. Postoperative liver function and complications were compared, clinical, radiological and pathological data were evaluated. Between 01.12.2006 and 31.12.2010 41 resections was performed after chemotherapy + bevacizumab (CTX + BV) and 27 resections was performed after preoperative chemotherapy without bevacizumab (CTX). There were 60 hepatic resections in this period without neoadjuvant treatment (NC). 8 patients had repeated resections. The postoperative complication rate was 40 % but there was no statistical difference between the groups (P = 0.72). Only the type of resection was associated with a significantly higher complication rate (p = 0.03). The subgroup of patients, who received irinotecan had a higher complication rate in the CTX group than in the BV + CTX group (55 % vs 41 %). Preoperative administration of bevacizumab was associated with higher peak postoperative AST, ALT levels but did not affect functional recovery of the liver. The RECIST system was not able to predict the outcome after chemotherapy in every patient and in many cases this system overestimated the effect of chemotherapy. On histopathological examination the presence of necrosis was not associated with chemotherapy or pathological response. Use of chemotherapy before hepatic resection of CLM was not associated with a significant increase in complication rates. The functional recovery of the liver was not affected by the preoperative administration of chemotherapy. The use of combined neoadjuvant chemotherapy is safe before hepatic resection. © 2013 Arányi Lajos Foundation. Source

Micsik T.,Semmelweis University | Lorincz A.,Semmelweis University | Lorincz A.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Mersich T.,Uzsoki Teaching Hospital | And 13 more authors.
Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2015

Background: The ATP-Binding Cassette (ABC)-transporter MultiDrug Resistance Protein 1 (MDR1) and Multidrug Resistance Related Protein 1 (MRP1) are expressed on the surface of enterocytes, which has led to the belief that these high capacity transporters are responsible for modulating chemosensitvity of colorectal cancer. Several immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) studies have provided controversial results in regards to the expression levels of these two ABC-transporters in colorectal cancer. Our study was designed to determine the yet uninvestigated functional activity of MDR1 and MRP1 transporters in normal human enterocytes compared to colorectal cancer cells from surgical biopsies. Methods: 100 colorectal cancer and 28 adjacent healthy mucosa samples were obtained by intraoperative surgical sampling. Activity of MDR1 and MRP1 of viable epithelial and cancer cells were determined separately with the modified calcein-assay for multidrug resistance activity and sufficient data of 73 cancer and 11 healthy mucosa was analyzed statistically. Results: Significantly decreased mean MDR1 activity was found in primary colorectal cancer samples compared to normal mucosa, while mean MRP1 activity showed no significant change. Functional activity was not affected by gender, age, stage or grade and localization of the tumor. Conclusion: We found lower MDR activity in cancer cells versus adjacent, apparently, healthy control tissue, thus, contrary to general belief, MDR activity seems not to play a major role in primary drug resistance, but might rather explain preferential/selective activity of Irinotecan and/or Oxaliplatin. Still, this picture might be more complex since chemotherapy by itself might alter MDR activity, and furthermore, today limited data is available about MDR activity of cancer stem cells in colorectal cancers. © Micsik et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Source

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