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Brussels, Belgium

Neyns B.,UZ Brussel | Tosoni A.,Azienda USL Bellaria Maggiore Hospital | Hwu W.-J.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Reardon D.A.,Duke University
Cancer | Year: 2010

Temozolomide is an oral alkylating agent with established antitumor activity in patients with primary brain tumors and melanoma. The originally approved temozolomide dosing regimen is 150 to 200 mg/m2 per day (Days 1 to 5 every 28-day cycle [5 of 28 days]). However, extended dosing regimens (eg, 7 of 14 days, 21 of 28 days, 6 of 8 weeks, or continuously daily) allow for administration of a higher cumulative dose per cycle and have been shown to deplete O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase, which may enhance cytotoxic activity. This article reviews efficacy and safety data from studies that investigated dose-dense temozolomide regimens in patients with recurrent glioma and advanced metastatic melanoma. The clinical benefits of these dose-dense regimens compared with the standard 5 of 28-day regimen have yet to be established. Although the toxicity profile of dose-dense temozolomide is generally similar to that of the standard 5 of 28-day regimen, it is associated with an increased incidence and severity of lymphocytopenia. The clinical management of temozolomide-associated lymphodepletion and the potential risks and benefits of extended dosing with temozolomide are discussed. Preclinical and clinical evidence suggests that temozolomide-associated lymphodepletion may enhance the host immune response to tumor-associated antigens and/or immunotherapy and may overcome tumor-mediated immunosuppression. Further studies exploring the clinical implications of lymphodepletion are warranted. © 2010 American Cancer Society. Source


Ceulemans G.,UZ Brussel
Clinical nuclear medicine | Year: 2012

A 61-year-old man with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented to our hospital with recurrence of a right-sided spontaneous secondary pneumothorax. Thoracoscopic abrasion of the parietal pleura was performed, but an important air leak persisted. Presumed to originate from a bulla in the right upper lobe, bullectomy and pleural decortication were performed, but leakage remained. Lobectomy was considered, and quantitative ventilation/perfusion SPECT was performed to predict the functional outcome.Fused high-resolution CT/Tc Technegas images localized leakage not only to a bleb in the right upper lobe but also to the subcutaneous emphysema in the thoracic wall. The air leak resolved after conservative treatment. Source


Until an effective and especially disease-modifying treatment for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) is available, the currently available pharmacological therapeutic arsenal aims at merely improving symptomatology. Health economic data make an important contribution to the planning of healthcare services and the estimation of the cost of drug reimbursement. As such, both for cholinesterase inhibitors and, to a lesser extent, for memantine it can be claimed that the direct cost of the drug itself is eclipsed by the cost savings associated with delaying institutionalization or delaying the time of progression into a more severe disease state. The present manuscript reviews several factors contributing to the costs of dementia, gives an overview of available studies claiming both the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of current dementia treatments, and highlights strengths and weaknesses of the aforementioned studies. © 2014 IOS Press. Source


Versijpt J.,UZ Brussel
Acta Neurologica Belgica | Year: 2012

Until more effective and especially disease-modifying treatments for Alzheimer's disease (AD) are available, the therapeutic arsenal consists of cholinesterase inhibitors for mild to moderate dementia and memantine for moderate to severe dementia. Health economic data make an important contribution to the planning of healthcare services and the estimation of the cost of drug reimbursement. As such, for cholinesterase inhibitors it is claimed that the direct cost of the drug itself is eclipsed by the cost savings associated with delaying institutionalisation or delaying the time of progression into a more severe disease state. The present manuscript reviews several factors contributing to the costs of AD, gives an overview of available studies claiming the cost-effectiveness of current AD treatments, highlights strengths and weaknesses of the aforementioned studies, and discusses the impact of (early) identification and treatment of AD. It is concluded that there still is a need for long-term follow-up data from prospective cohort studies before the cost-effectiveness of cholinesterase inhibitors for AD can be confirmed. © 2012 Belgian Neurological Society. Source


Vandenplas Y.,UZ Brussel
Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2014

Paediatric GERD is complicated to manage, as symptoms are diverse and often difficult to interpret. In infants, regurgitation is a common physiological condition. Nevertheless, when it occurs frequently (>4 times per day) and causes the infant distress, parents often seek medical help. In children 2-10 years of age, GERD is often considered to cause extra-oesophageal symptoms, despite the absence of hard evidence. Diagnostic investigations often lack solid validation and the signs and symptoms of GERD overlap with those of cow's milk protein allergy and eosinophillic oesophagitis. Reassurance, dietary treatment and positional adaptations are recommended for troublesome infant reflux. Anti-acid medication, mainly PPIs, is over-used in infants even though, in many children, reflux is not an acid-related condition. Moreover, evidence is increasing that PPIs cause adverse events such as gastroenteritis and respiratory tract infections. Management in children older than 10 years is similar to that in adults. Using prokinetics to treat nonerosive reflux disease remains only a promising theoretical concept, as no such molecule is currently available. Today, the adverse effects of each prokinetic molecule largely outweigh its potential benefit. Laparoscopic surgery is indicated in children who have life-threatening symptoms or in cases of drug dependence. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source

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