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UVV
Vila Velha, Brazil

Haddade I.R.,Instituto Federal Of Educacao | Dos Santos Junior I.C.,UVV | Haese D.,University Vila Velha | Neto A.C.,Instituto Federal Of Educacao | Paulino P.V.R.,Cargill Inc.
Ciencia Rural | Year: 2015

The effect of four levels of inclusion (0; 450; 900 and 1,350g T-1) of Ractopamine hydrochloride was assessed concerning weight gain, feed conversion, dry matter intake, carcass traits and quality of castrated male cattle meat in confinement. Forty Nellore steers were used, with an average age of 26 months and initial average weight of 423.4±2.7kg, in a randomized block experimental design with four treatments and ten replications. The diet was fixed with the ratio of forage to concentrate dry matter of 75.3:24.7. A Linear positive effect observed was the inclusion of Ractopamine on daily weight gain and linear negative effect on feed conversion, highlighting the improvements with the increasing inclusion of Ractopamine hydrochloride. In relation to carcass traits, the linear effect was negative for fat thickness and no differences were found regarding the hot carcass weight; carcass yield; area, width and depth of rib eye area of the Longissimus dorsi muscle, and noble courts. In relation to dry matter intake, the comparison of the treatments demonstrated that Ractopamine didn’t influence negatively, which highlights its positive effect on the animal performance. The use of Ractopamine improves performance and decreases de amount of superficial fat in male nellore carcass in confinement. © 2014, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. All rights reserved. Source


Donzele J.L.,DZO UFV | de Oliveira R.F.M.,DZO UFV | de Oliveira Silva F.C.,Epamig | Ferreira A.S.,DZO UFV | Kill J.L.,UVV
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia | Year: 2011

In order to evaluate the effects of increasing dietary tryptophan levels on performance and carcass characteristics of growing pigs, a total of 60 crossbred castrated male pigs, with average initial and final body weights of 15.50 ± 1.15 and 30.60 ± 1.35 kg were used. Pigs were allotted in a completely randomized block design, with five dietary treatments (0.149, 0.158, 0.168, 0.177, and 0.187% digestible tryptophan, corresponding to digestible tryptophan:lysine relations of 16.0, 17.0, 18.0, 19.0, and 20.0%), six replicates, and two animals per experimental unit, which was represented by the pen. Experimental diets and water were supplied ad libitum throughout the experimental period. The average maximum and minimum temperatures inside the rooms were of 21.5 ± 1.12°C and 26.4 ± 1.91°C, respectively. There was no effect of digestible tryptophan on daily feed intake or protein deposition of pigs. Body weight gain increased quadratically with increasing digestible tryptophan in the diets up to 0.175% maximum response. Increasing digestible tryptophan in the diets linearly improved feed conversion of pigs. The greatest weight gain of 15 to 30 kg castrated male pigs is obtained at 0.175% digestible tryptophan, corresponding to a digestible tryptophan:lysine relation of 18.82% and an estimated daily intake of 2.32 grams of digestible tryptophan. © 2011 Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia. Source


Monteiro B.S.,Vila Velha University | del Carlo R.J.,Federal University of Vicosa | Argolo-Neto N.M.,Federal University of Piaui | Nardi N.B.,Lutheran University of Brazil | And 6 more authors.
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira | Year: 2012

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from eight mice C57BL/6 gfp+ bone marrows expanded in cultures associated with platelets rich plasma (PRP) deriving from another eight mice, in the repair of critical defects in calvarial bone produced in twenty-four adult isogenic mice C57BL/6. METHODS: The animals were submitted to a cranial defect of 6.0mm in diameter and divided into two equal experimental groups. Control group did not receive treatment and the treated group received a MSC pellet containing 1.0 × 10 7 cells/mL associated with 50.0μL of plasma gel containing 1.0 × 10 9 autologous platelets within the defect. RESULTS: In the treated group was observed process of angiogenesis and bone repair better than control group. CONCLUSION: Mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow of C57BL/6 gfp + mice associated with PRP gel applied in bone critical defects produced in calvarial contributes positively to the process of bone repair. Source


Haese D.,UVV | Donzele J.L.,Federal University of Vicosa | de Oliveira R.F.M.,Federal University of Vicosa | Saraiva A.,Doutorando em Zootecnia | And 3 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia | Year: 2011

In order to evaluate the effects of dietary digestible lysine levels on performance and carcass traits of two genetic lines of pigs selected for meat deposition, from 60 to 100 days of age, a total of 120 crossbred barrows, with initial average body weight of 25.42 ± 2.08 kg were used. Pigs were allotted in a complete randomized block design, within a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement (four digestible lysine levels: 0.90, 1.00, 1.10, and 1.20%, and two genetic lines: A and B), with five replicates and three pigs per pen, which was the experimental unit. There was no interaction between genetic and digestible lysine levels for any variable of performance and carcass traits assessed. There was also no effect of digestible lysine levels in feed intake, body weight gain, and feed conversion. Digestible lysine intake of pigs increased linearly with increasing digestible lysine levels in the diets. Except for carcass yield that increased quadratically up to 1.04% estimate level of digestible lysine, there was no effect of lysine levels on the other carcass traits assessed (loin and ham yield, and amount of meat in the carcass). The digestible lysine level of 0.90%, corresponding to an estimated daily intake of 19.10 g, meets the requirements of castrated male pigs selected for meat deposition from both genetic lines, from 60 to 100 days of age. © 2011 Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia. Source


Apolonio L.R.,Federal University of Vicosa | Donzele J.L.,Federal University of Vicosa | de Oliveira R.F.M.,Federal University of Vicosa | Saraiva A.,Federal University of Vicosa | And 4 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia | Year: 2011

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of increasing dietary digestible tryptophan levels on performance and carcass traits of growing pigs. Fifty crossbred castrated male pigs, with average initial and final body weight of 29.0 ± 1.20 kg and 60.4 ± 1.95 kg were allotted in a completely randomized block design, with five treatments (0.125, 0.133, 0.141, 0.149, and 0.157% of digestible tryptophan, corresponding to digestible tryptophan:lysine relations of 15.0, 16.0, 17.0, 18.0, and 19.0%, respectively) and five replicates, with two pigs per experimental unit, which was represented by the pen. Experimental diets and water were supplied ad libitum throughout the experimental period. Averages of minimum and maximum temperatures inside the facility were of 24.3 ± 0.87 °C and 28.0 ± 1.82 °C, respectively. Feed intake and body weight gain increased linearly with increasing dietary tryptophan levels. However, there was no effect of digestible tryptophan on feed conversion or protein deposition of pigs. The highest tryptophan level evaluated (0,157%), corresponding to a digestible tryptophan:lysine relation of 19.0%, provided the greatest weight gain of 30 to 60 kg castrated male pigs. © 2011 Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia. Source

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