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Utrecht, Netherlands

Beijers A.J.M.,Maxima Medical Center | Vreugdenhil G.,Maxima Medical Center | Vreugdenhil G.,Maastricht University | Oerlemans S.,Netherlands Comprehensive Cancer Organisation IKNL | And 8 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2016

Purpose: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) may negatively influence multiple myeloma (MM) patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Dose modification is the only way to minimize CIPN. To measure CIPN in daily practice, the Indication for Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) Grading of Peripheral Neuropathy Questionnaire (ICPNQ) was developed which can be completed within five minutes by the patient. The aims of this study were to (1) perform a psychometric evaluation of the ICPNQ and (2) examine the prevalence of CIPN and its influence on HRQOL in population-based MM patients. Methods: One hundred fifty-six MM patients, diagnosed between 2000 and 2014, completed the ICPNQ, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy 20 (EORTC QLQ-CIPN20), and EORTC QLQ-C30 (65 % response). Results: The psychometric analyses showed a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.84, 0.74, and 0.61 for, respectively, the sensory, motoric, and autonomic subscales of the ICPNQ. Test-retest reliability and construct validity were good for all subscales. Overall, 65 % of patients reported grade 2–3 neuropathy according to the ICPNQ. Patients with the highest CTC grades (grade 2 with neuropathic pain and grade 3 (38 %)) according to the ICPNQ reported significantly worse scores on all EORTC QLQ-CIPN20 subscales compared to patients with lower CTC grades (p ≤ 0.002). In addition, they reported statistically significant and clinically relevant worse HRQOL scores on almost all EORTC QLQ-C30 subscales. Conclusions: CIPN is a common side effect in MM patients, which has a negative impact on HRQOL. The ICPNQ is a valid instrument to distinguish the highest CIPN CTC grades from the lower CTC grades necessary to decide on dose modifications of chemotherapy in daily clinical practice. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Bossi P.,Fondazione Istituto Nazionale Dei Tumori | Saba N.F.,Emory University | Vermorken J.B.,University of Antwerp | Strojan P.,Institute of Oncology | And 11 more authors.
Cancer Treatment Reviews | Year: 2015

Purpose: Due to the rarity and the variety of histological types of sinonasal cancers, there is a paucity of data regarding strategy for their optimal treatment. Generally, outcomes of advanced and higher grade tumors remain unsatisfactory, despite the employment of sophisticated surgical approaches, technical advances in radiation techniques and the use of heavy ion particles. In this context, we critically evaluated the role of systemic therapy as part of a multidisciplinary approach to locally advanced disease. Results: Induction chemotherapy has shown encouraging activity and could have a role in the multimodal treatment of patients with advanced sinonasal tumors. For epithelial tumors, the most frequently employed chemotherapy is cisplatin, in combination with either 5-fluorouracil, taxane, ifosfamide, or vincristine. Only limited experiences with concurrent chemoradiation exist with sinonasal cancer. The role of systemic treatment for each histological type (intestinal-type adenocarcinoma, sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma, sinonasal neuroendocrine carcinoma, olfactory neuroblastoma, sinonasal primary mucosal melanoma, sarcoma) is discussed. Conclusions: The treatment of SNC requires a multimodal approach. Employment of systemic therapy for locally advanced disease could result in better outcomes, and optimize the therapeutic armamentarium. Further studies are needed to precisely define the role of systemic therapy and identify the optimal sequencing for its administration in relation to local therapies. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Harmsen M.G.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Arts-de Jong M.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Hoogerbrugge N.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Maas A.H.E.M.,Radboud University Nijmegen | And 16 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) around the age of 40 is currently recommended to BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. This procedure decreases the elevated ovarian cancer risk by 80-96% but it initiates premature menopause as well. The latter is associated with short-term and long-term morbidity, potentially affecting quality of life (QoL). Based on recent insights into the Fallopian tube as possible site of origin of serous ovarian carcinomas, an alternative preventive strategy has been put forward: early risk-reducing salpingectomy (RRS) and delayed oophorectomy (RRO). However, efficacy and safety of this alternative strategy have to be investigated. Methods: A multicentre non-randomised trial in 11 Dutch centres for hereditary cancer will be conducted. Eligible patients are premenopausal BRCA1/2 mutation carriers after completing childbearing without (a history of) ovarian carcinoma. Participants choose between standard RRSO at age 35-40 (BRCA1) or 40-45 (BRCA2) and the alternative strategy (RRS upon completion of childbearing and RRO at age 40-45 (BRCA1) or 45-50 (BRCA2)). Women who opt for RRS but do not want to postpone RRO beyond the currently recommended age are included as well. Primary outcome measure is menopause-related QoL. Secondary outcome measures are ovarian/breast cancer incidence, surgery-related morbidity, histopathology, cardiovascular risk factors and diseases, and cost-effectiveness. Mixed model data analysis will be performed. Discussion: The exact role of the Fallopian tube in ovarian carcinogenesis is still unclear. It is not expected that further fundamental research will elucidate this role in the near future. Therefore, this clinical trial is essential to investigate RRS with delayed RRO as alternative risk-reducing strategy in order to improve QoL. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov ( NCT02321228 ) © 2015 Harmsen et al. Source

van der Aa J.E.,Utrecht Cancer Center | Hoogendam J.P.,Utrecht Cancer Center | Butter E.S.F.,Utrecht Cancer Center | Ausems M.G.E.M.,University Utrecht | And 2 more authors.
Familial Cancer | Year: 2015

Women with an increased lifetime risk of ovarian cancer are advised to undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) to reduce risk of adnexal cancer. We investigated the uptake of RRSO and evaluated the influence of personal medical history of (breast) cancer, risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) and family history of ovarian and/or breast cancer on the RRSO decision. This single center retrospective observational cohort study was performed in a tertiary multidisciplinary clinic for hereditary cancer of the University Medical Centre Utrecht, the Netherlands. Women ≥35 years old with an estimated lifetime risk of ovarian cancer ≥10 %, who had completed childbearing, were eligible for RRSO. Uptake and timing of RRSO were analyzed. Influence of personal medical history and family history on RRSO decision making, were evaluated with logistic regression. The study population consisted of 218 women (45.0 % BRCA1 mutation carrier, 28.0 % BRCA2 mutation carrier, 27.0 % with familial susceptibility) with 87.2 % RRSO uptake. The median age at RRSO was 44.5 (range 28–73) years. Of the women undergoing RRSO, 78.3 % needed ≤3 consultations to reach this decision. Multivariable analysis showed a significant difference in RRSO uptake for women with a history of RRM [OR 3.66 95 % CI (1.12–11.98)], but no significant difference in women with a history of breast cancer [OR 1.38 95 % CI (0.50–3.79)], nor with a family history of ovarian and/or breast cancer [OR 1.10 95 % CI (0.44–2.76)]. We conclude that RRSO counseling, without the alternative of screening, is effective. The uptake is increased in women with a history of RRM. © 2015, The Author(s). Source

Schouten C.S.,VU University Amsterdam | Graaf P.D.,VU University Amsterdam | Alberts F.M.,VU University Amsterdam | Hoekstra O.S.,VU University Amsterdam | And 8 more authors.
Oral Oncology | Year: 2015

Objectives: Evaluation of accuracy and interobserver variation of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (18F-FDGPET-CT) to detect residual lymph node metastases after chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in advanced staged head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Materials and methods: Retrospectively, routinely performed DW-MRI (n = 73) and 18F-FDG-PET-CT (n = 58) 3 months after CRT in HNSCC-patients with advanced nodal disease (N2-N3) were assessed by two radiologists and two nuclear medicine physicians (individually and in consensus). Imaging was scored dichotomously and on a five-point Likert scale. We also explored different scenarios for the potential added value of DW-MRI to PET-CT using the consensus Likert scale. Histopathology and a follow-up of 9 months after CRT served as reference standard. Results: Five patients (7%) had residual regional disease. DW-MRI showed a sensitivity of 60% and a specificity of 93%, vs. 100% and 84% for PET-CT, respectively. DW-MRI and PET-CT observers had 'moderate' and 'substantial' interobserver agreement (κ = 0.58 and κ = 0.64, respectively) with the dichotomous system. The combination of PET-CT and DW-MRI showed a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 95%. Conclusion: The high sensitivity of PET-CT authorizes a neck dissection in all patients with a positive test result and the high specificity of DW-MRI justifies avoidance of invasive neck dissections if the test is negative. Interobserver agreement varied as a function of test positivity criteria. Adding DW-MRI to PET-CT seemed to increase the specificity of PET-CT alone, thereby ensuring that less patients are exposed to unnecessary neck dissections. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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