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Bhubaneshwar, India

Utkal University is the oldest university in Odisha and the 17th oldest university in India located at the heart of the capital city Bhubaneswar. It is a teaching-cum-affiliating university that has produced some of the best brains in Odisha. There are at present 26 post-graduate departments at the university campus for studies and research in various disciplines of Science, Humanities, Business Administration, Social Science, Law, and Commerce. There are nearly 3,000 students in the post-graduate departments at Vani Vihar. This is the largest affiliating university in the country with 267 affiliated general colleges, 15 law colleges, 6 medical and pharmacy colleges. Wikipedia.


Bhanja S.,Krishnamacharya Healing and Yoga Foundation | Jena S.,Utkal University
Neurochemical Research | Year: 2013

This study aimed to elucidate the effect of 6-n-propylthiouracil (PTU)-induced hypothyroidism on oxidative stress parameters and expression of antioxidant enzymes in cerebral cortex of rat brain during postnatal development. A significant decrease in levels of lipid peroxidation and H 2O2 were seen in 7 and 30 days old PTU-treated rats with respect to their controls. Significantly decreased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) along with the translated products of SOD1 and SOD2 were observed in 7, 15 and 30 days old PTU-treated rats as compared to their respective controls. However, increase in translated product of CAT was seen in all age groups of PTU-treated rats. Glutathione peroxidase activity was decreased in 7 days and increased in 15 days old PTU-treated rats with respect to their control groups. Histological sections clearly show a decline in neuronal migration with neurons packed together in the hypothyroid group as compared to the control. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source


Dwibedy S.K.,Utkal University
Indian Journal of Marketing | Year: 2013

Efficient marketing plays an important role in increasing the producer's share in consumer's rupee and maintains the tempo of increased production. In the present study, the cost of cultivation, profit, price spread and marketing efficiency in the marketing of Brinjal in Khurdha district of Odisha were examined during the period from 2011-2012. Primary data were collected from 80 farmers through personal interview method using a specially designed pre- tested schedule. Three market channels were identified in the study area. These were Channel I: Farmer - Commission Agent-Wholesaler- Retailer- Consumer; Channel II: Farmer-Wholesaler- Retailer- Consumer and Channel III: Farmer- Organized Food Retail Chain-Consumer. The major findings revealed that the producer's share in consumer's rupee was 64.87 percent for Channel III, 49.85 percent for Channel II and 47.69 percent for Channel I. Channel III was found to be the most efficient market both by Shepherd's method and Acharya's method. Source


Nayak B.,Utkal University | Jamil M.,National University of Sciences and Technology | Jamil M.,Eurasian University
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2012

We study the evolution of primordial black holes by considering present universe is no more matter dominated rather vacuum energy dominated. We also consider the accretion of radiation, matter and vacuum energy during respective dominance period. In this scenario, we found that radiation accretion efficiency should be less than 0.366 and accretion rate is much larger than previous analysis by Nayak et al. (2009) [1]. Thus here primordial black holes live longer than previous works Nayak and Singh (2011) [1]. Again matter accretion slightly increases the mass and lifetime of primordial black holes. However, the vacuum energy accretion is slightly complicated one, where accretion is possible only up to a critical time. If a primordial black hole lives beyond critical time, then its' lifespan increases due to vacuum energy accretion. But for presently evaporating primordial black holes, critical time comes much later than their evaporating time and thus vacuum energy could not affect those primordial black holes. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source


Baliarsingh N.,CSIR - Institute of Minerals And Materials Technology | Parida K.M.,CSIR - Institute of Minerals And Materials Technology | Pradhan G.C.,Utkal University
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research | Year: 2014

To investigate the effects of divalent metal ions on the photophysical and photocatalytic properties of MII/Cr-CO3 layered double hydroxides (LDHs), we varied the MII metal ions (Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn) at a constant MII/Cr atomic ratio of 2:1. The phase structures and textural and optical properties of these catalysts were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, and diffuse-reflectance UV-vis (DRUV-vis) spectroscopy. The PXRD measurements demonstrated that all of the as-synthesized LDHs had well-defined layered structures except Ni/Cr-CO3 LDH (LDH2). Optical difference spectra revealed that absorption in the visible region can be attributed to metal-to-metal charge transfer (MMCT) excitation of oxo-bridged bimetallic linkages of MII-O-CrIII in the two neighboring MO 6 octahedra. The photocatalytic performances of these catalysts were examined in the degradation of methyl orange (MO) dye under solar light irradiation. The LDH containing cobalt (i.e., LDH1) exhibited the highest photoactivity with 90% MO removal in 3 h under solar light irradiation. The excitation of MII-O-CrIII in solid solution in the visible range was demonstrated to be one of the causes of the enhanced degradation of MO. An MO degradation mechanism over MII/Cr-CO3 LDHs is proposed that is due to the formation of intermediate oxidative species such as hydroxyl radicals and superoxide radicals during the reactions. Moreover, the most active photocatalyst (LDH1) was found to be stable under repeated applications of up to four successive cycles with a nearly constant photocatalytic degradation activity. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source


Behera S.,Utkal University | Mohanty R.C.,Utkal University | Ray R.C.,Central Tuber Crops Research Institute Regional Center
Applied Energy | Year: 2011

The dried spongy fruit of luffa (Luffa cylindrica L.), a cucurbitaceous crop available in abundance in tropical and sub-tropical countries has been found to be a promising material for immobilizing microbial cells. The aim of the present study was to examine the ethanol production from mahula flowers in submerged fermentation using whole cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae immobilized in luffa sponge discs. The cells not only survived but also were physiologically active in three more cycles of fermentation without significant reduction (<5%) in ethanol production. After 96. h, there was 91.1% sugar conversion producing 223.2. g ethanol/kg flowers (1st cycle) which was 0.99%, 2.3% and 3.2% more than 2nd (221. g ethanol/kg flowers), 3rd (218. g ethanol/kg flowers) and 4th (216. g ethanol/kg flowers) cycle of fermentation, respectively. Furthermore, ethanol production by immobilized cells was 8.96% higher than the free cells. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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