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Utica, NY, United States

Utica College is a private university located in Utica, in the U.S. state of New York. The history of the college dates back to the 1930s when Syracuse University began offering extension courses in the Utica area. Syracuse University established Utica College as a four-year institution in 1946, and in 1995, UC became a financially and legally independent institution. UC is officially mentioned in Syracuse's Charter, Article 1, Section 3: "Utica College shall be represented by the President, appointed ex officio, and by the dean of the college, and another representative selected by the college." Utica began offering its own graduate degrees in 1999 and its own undergraduate degrees in 2011. Wikipedia.

Russek L.N.,Clarkson University | Errico D.M.,Utica College
Clinical Rheumatology | Year: 2016

Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) and joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) are gaining increased attention as potential sources of pain and injury. The aims of this study were to evaluate prevalence of GJH and JHS and to determine whether musculoskeletal injuries and symptoms commonly attributed to GJH and JHS were more common within a “healthy” college student population. The study involved a convenience sample of 267 college and graduate students, aged 17–26. GJH was assessed using the Beighton score with a cutoff of 5/9, while JHS was assessed using the Brighton criteria. Injury history and symptoms were assessed by recall. Prevalence of GJH was 26.2%overall (females 36.7%, males 13.7%). Prevalence of JHS was 19.5% overall (females 24.5%, males 13.7%). Injury rates were not significantly different for individuals who had GJH vs. those who did not have GJH. Individuals with JHS were significantly more likely to have had sprains, back pain, and stress fractures. Symptoms were no different between those with GJH and those who did not have GJH. However, individuals with JHS were significantly more likely to report clumsiness, easy bruising, and balance problems than those who did not have JHS. GJH and JHS were relatively common in this healthy college student population; GJH was not associated with increased incidence of injury or symptoms commonly attributed to JHS, but JHS was associated with increased incidence of some injuries and symptoms. © International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) 2015. Source

Barr D.,Arizona State University | Barr D.,Utica College | Vaart A.V.D.,University of South Florida
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics | Year: 2012

We performed molecular dynamics simulations of the lac repressor headpiece - O1 operator complex for natural, over and underbent DNA to assess the factors that determine the natural DNA bending angle. At the natural angle, the specific and nonspecific contacts between the protein and DNA are optimized. Protein-DNA contacts show different angle dependences in the right and left sites, with the left site generally getting weaker and the right site getting stronger as the bending angle increases. Two entropic factors were identified as well: at the natural bending angle, water release and the quasiharmonic protein configurational entropy are maximized. The gain in protein configurational entropy might stem from an entropy-entropy compensation mechanism, in which a reduction in protein fluctuations is offset by a loss in correlations between the right and left sites. © 2012 the Owner Societies. Source

Crist T.A.,Utica College | Sorg M.H.,University of Maine, United States
International Journal of Paleopathology | Year: 2014

Diagnosing scurvy (vitamin C deficiency) in adult skeletal remains is difficult despite documentary evidence of its past prevalence. Analysis of 20 European colonists buried at Saint Croix Island in New France during the winter of 1604-1605, accompanied by their leader Samuel de Champlain's eyewitness account of their symptoms, provided the opportunity to document lesions of adult scurvy within a tightly dated historical context. Previous diagnoses of adult scurvy have relied predominantly on the presence of periosteal lesions of the lower limbs and excessive antemortem tooth loss. Our analysis suggests that, when observed together, reactive lesions of the oral cavity associated with palatal inflammation and bilateral lesions at the mastication muscle attachment sites support the differential diagnosis of adult scurvy. Antemortem loss of the anterior teeth, however, is not a reliable diagnostic indicator. Employing a biocultural interpretive approach, analysis of these early colonists' skeletal remains enhances current understanding of the methods that medical practitioners used to treat the disorder during the Age of Discovery, performing rudimentary oral surgery and autopsies. Although limited by a small sample and taphonomic effects, this analysis strongly supports the use of weighted paleopathological criteria to diagnose adult scurvy based on the co-occurrence of specific porotic lesions. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Gap-dependent species are typically understood to have higher population growth rates (λs) when they are exposed to higher light transmittance. I investigated the relationship between both diffuse light and direct light transmittance and λ for the gap-dependent plant Trollius laxus using 5 years of data from 20 subpopulations (11 in created, experimental canopy gaps; 9 in intact canopy control areas). There was a nonlinear (unimodal) relationship between diffuse light and λ for T. laxus under the wide range of light levels encountered at the gap and control subpopulations [4-58 % diffuse photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD)]. There was no relationship between direct light and λ. However, in the gaps, where light levels were generally greater than 20 % PPFD, both diffuse light and direct light had strong negative linear relationships with λ. Therefore, under wide-ranging light regimes, plant populations may show complicated, nonlinear responses to gap formation. Furthermore, gap-dependent plant populations may even decline in the brightest gaps. These results demonstrate that future studies on forest plant population dynamics should strive to include populations from a wide variety of light regimes, and avoid broadly categorizing light regimes as simply "gap" or "non-gap." © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

Riddle C.A.,Utica College
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy | Year: 2013

Recent discussions surrounding the conceptualising of disability has resulted in a stalemate between British sociologists and philosophers. The stagnation of theorizing that has occurred threatens not only academic pursuits and the advancement of theoretical interpretations within the Disability Studies community, but also how we educate and advocate politically, legally, and socially. More pointedly, many activists and theorists in the UK appear to believe the British social model is the only effective means of understanding and advocating on behalf of people with disabilities. This model, largely reliant upon materialist research traditions, contends that disability is a form of social oppression and hence, is a phenomenon that should be conceptualised in social terms. Individual properties such as impairments are disregarded as they are viewed to be unimportant in the analysis of the social causes of disability. Concurrently, many bioethicists and philosophers have embraced what Tom Shakespeare has classified as an 'Interactional Approach' to disability-that "the experience of a disabled person results from the relationship between factors intrinsic to the individual, and the extrinsic factors arising from the wider context in which she finds herself". I intend to demonstrate that the benefits of the British social model are now outweighed by its burdens. I suggest, as Jerome Bickenbach has, that while it may be somewhat churlish to critique the social model in light of its political success, taken literally, it implies that people with disabilities require no additional health resources by virtue of their impairments. Despite the eloquent arguments that have preceded me by interactional theorists, none have been accepted as evidence of fallacious reasoning by British social model theorists. This article is an attempt to clarify why it is that the types of arguments British social model theorists have been offering are misguided. I suggest that the British social model, unlike an interactional approach, is unable to provide a realistic account of the experience of disability, and subsequently, unable to be properly utilized to ensure justice for people with disabilities. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

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