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Salt Lake City, UT, United States

Saltz L.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Badarinath S.,North Florida Hematology and Oncology Associates | Harker W.G.,Utah Cancer Specialists | Birchfield G.,U.S. Oncology Research LLC | And 18 more authors.
Clinical Colorectal Cancer | Year: 2012

Background: Cetuximab (C), alone or with irinotecan, demonstrates activity in irinotecan-refractory colorectal cancer (CRC). Activity of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), leucovorin (L), and bevacizumab (B), and preliminary data of cetuximab + bevacizumab, and toxicity profiles suggests that FOLF-CB (5-FU, L, C+B) may have activity with a favorable toxicity profile as first-line therapy. Methods: Eligible patients were randomized at registration to either arm A (mFOLFOX6-B) (modified, 5-FU. L (folinic acid), oxaliplatin (O) + bevacizumab), administered days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle as bevacizumab 5 mg/kg, oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2, leucovorin 400 mg/m2, and 5-FU 400 mg/m2 then 1200 mg/m2/day for 48 hours, or arm B (FOLF-CB), which included bevacizumab, leucovorin, and 5-FU as in arm A and cetuximab 400 mg/m 2 day 1 cycle 1; all other weekly cetuximab doses were 250 mg/m 2. Results: Two hundred forty-seven patients (arm A/arm B 124/123) were enrolled, and 239 were treated (118/121). Twelve-month progression-free survival (PFS) was 45%/32%, objective response rates (ORR) (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]) were 52%/41%, disease control rates (CR+PR+stable disease [SD]) were 87%/83%, and median overall survival (OS) was 21/19.5 months, respectively. Grade 3-4 neutropenia was higher in arm A (28%/7%), as was grade 3 fatigue (12%/3%), and grade 3 neuropathy (11%/< 1%), whereas acneiform rash was confined to arm B. Retrospective analysis of KRAS mutational status did not demonstrate KRAS as a meaningful determinant of activity, except in arm B patients with KRAS-mutated tumors, which resulted in inferior PFS. Patient satisfaction favored the control (mFOLFOX6-B). Conclusion: FOLF-CB was not superior to mFOLFOX6-B in terms of 12-month PFS and ORR, and was not more acceptable to patients. This trial supports the conclusion of other recently reported trials that concurrent cetuximab+bevacizumab should not be routinely used in metastatic CRC. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Mirtsching B.,Center for Oncology Research and Treatment | Cosgriff T.,Hematology and Oncology Specialists | Harker G.,Utah Cancer Specialists | Keaton M.,Augusta Oncology Associates | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Breast Cancer | Year: 2011

Introduction: Weekly administration of nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab) paclitaxel as a first-line treatment for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has not been fully investigated. The addition of trastuzumab, a monoclonal antibody against human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), is less understood. This phase II study evaluated the efficacy and safety of weekly nab paclitaxel in the first-line MBC setting. Patients whose tumors overexpressed HER2 also received trastuzumab. Patients and Methods: Patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer received nab paclitaxel (125 mg/m2) by 30-minute intravenous infusion weekly for 3 of 4 weeks. Patients who were HER2-positive received concurrent trastuzumab. Results: Seventy-two patients were enrolled; HER2 expression was detected in 22 patients. The overall response rate (ORR) was 42.2% (95% CI, 30%-55%); 5 patients had a complete response (CR) and 22 patients had a partial response (PR). Additionally, 17 patients experienced stable disease (SD), providing an overall benefit (CR + PR + SD) of 68.8%. Patients with HER2-positive tumors had an ORR of 52.4%; the ORR was 38.1% in the HER2-negative population (P =.3). Median progression-free survival was 14.5 months (range, 1-49.3 months) and survival rates at 1 year and 2 years were 69% and 62%, respectively. The most commonly observed toxicities were pain (64%), fatigue (58%), sensory neuropathy (54%), infection (46%), nausea (38%), alopecia (33%), and anemia (33%). Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that weekly nab paclitaxel has a favorable safety profile and is well tolerated as a first-line treatment for MBC. An ORR of 42% and an overall benefit of 69% is extremely encouraging, particularly in the HER2-positive population where 52% of patients responded. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Inc.

Brufsky A.M.,University of Pittsburgh | Harker W.G.,Utah Cancer Specialists | Beck J.T.,Highlands Oncology Group | Bosserman L.,Wilshire Oncology Medical Group Inc. | And 7 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2012

Background: Postmenopausal breast cancer (BC) patients receiving adjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy are at risk of progressive bone loss and fractures. Zoledronic acid inhibits osteoclastic bone resorption, is effective in maintaining bone health, and may therefore be beneficial in this setting. Methods: Overall, 602 postmenopausal women with early, hormone receptor-positive BC receiving adjuvant letrozole were randomized (301 each group) to receive upfront or delayed-start zoledronic acid (4 mg intravenously every 6 months) for 5 years. The primary endpoint was the change in lumbar spine (LS) bone mineral density (BMD) at month 12. Secondary endpoints included changes in LS BMD, total hip BMD, and bone turnover markers at 2, 3, and 5 years; fracture incidence at 3 years; and time to disease recurrence. Results: At month 61, the adjusted mean difference in LS and total hip BMDs between the upfront and delayed groups was 8.9% and 6.7%, respectively (P <.0001, for both). Approximately 25% of delayed patients received zoledronic acid by month 61. Only 1 patient experienced grade 4 renal dysfunction; no confirmed cases of osteonecrosis of the jaw were reported. Fracture rates (upfront, 28 [9.3%]; delayed, 33 [11%]; P =.3803) and Kaplan-Meier disease recurrence rates (upfront, 9.8 [95% confidence interval (CI), 6.0-10.3]; delayed, 10.5 [95% CI, 6.6-14.4]; P =.6283) were similar at month 61. Conclusions: Upfront zoledronic acid seems to be the preferred treatment strategy versus delayed administration, as it significantly and progressively increases BMD in postmenopausal women with early BC receiving letrozole for 5 years, and long-term coadministration of letrozole and zoledronic acid is well tolerated. © 2011 American Cancer Society.

Wang Y.-F.,Peking University | Yang Y.-L.,Peking University | Gao Z.-F.,Peking University | Zhou C.-J.,Beijing Childrens Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Hematology and Oncology | Year: 2012

Background: Systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (S-ALCL) is a rare disease with a highly variable prognosis and no standard chemotherapy regimen. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) has been reported as an important prognostic factor correlated with S-ALCL in many but not all studies. In our study, we retrospectively analyzed 92 patients with S-ALCL from the Peking University Lymphoma Center for clinical and molecular prognostic factors to make clear the role of ALK and other prognostic factors in Han Chinese S-ALCL. Results: The majority of Chinese S-ALCL patients were young male patients (median age 26, male/female ratio 1.7) and the median age was younger than previous reports regardless of ALK expression status. The only statistically significant different clinical characteristic in S-ALCL between ALK positive (ALK +) and ALK negative (ALK-) was age, with a younger median age of 22 for ALK+ compared with 30 for ALK-. However, when pediatric patients (18) were excluded, there was no age difference between ALK+ and ALK-. The groups did not differ in the proportion of males, those with clinical stage III/IV (49 vs 51%) or those with extranodal disease (53 vs 59%). Of 73 evaluable patients, the 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 60% and 47%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that three factors: advanced stage III/IV, lack of expression of ALK, and high Ki-67 expression, were associated with treatment failure in patients with S-ALCL. However, ALK expression correlated with improved survival only in patients younger than 14years, while not in adult patients. In multivariate analysis, only clinical stage was an independent prognostic factor for survival. Expressions of Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) and B-cell lymphoma 2 protein (BCL-2) correlated with the expression of ALK, but they did not have prognostic significance. High Ki-67 expression was also a poor prognostic factor. Conclusions: Our results show that ALK expression alone is not sufficient to determine the outcome of ALCL and other prognostic factors must be considered. Clinical stage is an independent prognostic factor. Ki-67 expression is a promising prognostic factor. © 2012 Wang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Swierczek S.,University of Utah | Agarwal A.M.,University of Utah | Agarwal A.M.,Arup | Naidoo K.,University of Witwatersrand | And 7 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2013

Hereditary pyropoikilocytosis is a severe hemolytic anemia caused by spectrin deficiency and defective spectrin dimer self-association, typically found in African populations. We describe two Utah families of northern European ancestry including 2 propositi with atypical non-microcytic hereditary pyropoikilocytosis, 7 hereditary elliptocytosis members and one asymptomatic carrier. The underlying molecular defect is a novel mutation in the alpha(α) spectrin gene, SPTAR34P that impairs spectrin tetramer formation. It is inherited in trans to the hypomorphic SPTAαLELY in the 2 propositi and 5 of 7 hereditary elliptocytosis individuals indicating that SPTAαLELY is not the sole determinant of the variable clinical expression. α Spectrin mRNA was mildly decreased in all hereditary elliptocytosis subjects, whereas both hereditary pyropoikilocytosis propositi had a severe decrease to ~10% of normal. Genotyping identified a unique SPTA intragenic crossover and uniparental disomy in one hereditary elliptocytosis individual. Two additional crossover events demonstrated the susceptibility of SPTA gene to rearrangement and revealed a novel segregation of the two SPTAαLELY mutations. We conclude that the profound phenotypic heterogeneity in these families can be attributed to the SPTAR34P mutation in combination with: 1) inheritance in trans of either SPTAαLELY; or 2) the wild-type SPTA; 3) a decrease of α spectrin mRNA; and 4) SPTA intragenic crossover. © 2013 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

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