Almeida R.,University of Aveiro |
Bastos F.,University of Lisbon |
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2010
In this work we discuss the polynomiality of a feasible version of a Mehrotra's predictor-corrector variant algorithm. We prove that this algorithm will terminate after at most O(n4|log(ε)|) iterations. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.
Tardaguila J.,University of La Rioja |
Baluja J.,University of La Rioja |
Arpon L.,University of La Rioja |
Balda P.,University of La Rioja |
Precision Agriculture | Year: 2011
To obtain the best must quality, winegrowers must harvest uniform batches of grapes, thus they might define sub-units of the vineyard and treat them as separate management units for cultivation and harvest. The objectives of this work were to determine if there were variations of soil properties that could be arranged into different units of relative uniformity and separated from each other by discrete boundaries, and if there was a significant relationship between those units and the vegetative development and yield components of the grapevines. A soil index that is a linear combination of four soil characteristics was constructed and an interpolation method allowed the definition of soil areas with relative uniformity. These areas were significantly correlated with the vine growth that, in turn, had a significant correlation with the yield components of the vines. This methodology might prove useful to define areas within vineyards where the vegetative development and yields warrant a differentiated management within the vineyard. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Santos E.L.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro |
Novaes J.S.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro |
Reis V.M.,UTAD |
Giannella-Neto A.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
International Journal of sports Medicine | Year: 2010
The purpose of this work was to apply a simple method for acquisition of power output (PO) during the Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) at a high sampling rate (SR) and to compare the effect of lower SR on the measurements extracted from the PO. 26 male subjects underwent 2 WAnTs on a cycle ergometer. The reference PO was calculated at 30 Hz as a function of the linear velocity, the moment of inertia and the frictional load. The PO was sampled at 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2 and 5 Hz. Both the peak (16.03±2.22 W·kg-1) and mean PO (10.34±1.01 W·kg-1) presented lower relative values when the SR was lower. Peak PO was attenuated by 0.29-42.07% for decreasing sampling rates, resulting in different values for 0.2 and 1 Hz (P<0.001). When the SR was 0.2 Hz, the time to peak was delayed by 53.81% (P<0.001) and the fatigue index was attenuated by 22.12% (P<0.001). In conclusion, due to the differences achieved here and the fact that the peak flywheel frequency is around 2.3 Hz, we strongly recommend that the PO be sampled at 5 Hz instead of 0.2 Hz in order to avoid biased errors and misunderstandings of the WAnT results. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG.
Pereira F.A.M.,CITAB UTAD |
Morais J.J.L.,CITAB UTAD |
Dourado N.,CITAB UTAD |
De Moura M.F.S.F.,University of Porto |
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials | Year: 2011
Fracture energy release rate under mode II loading of bovine cortical bone is determined using a miniaturized testing device of the end loaded split test. The energy release rate is evaluated by means of a data reduction scheme based on specimen compliance, beam theory and crack equivalent concept. Experimental tests were carried out to evaluate the Resistance curve which provides a successful method to characterize fracture behavior of quasi-brittle materials like bone. A numerical analysis including a cohesive damage model was used to validate the procedure. It was demonstrated that the end loaded split test and proposed data reduction scheme provide a valuable solution for mode II fracture characterization of bone. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Azevedo-Perdicoulis T.P.,UTAD |
Jank G.,RWTH Aachen |
Lopes dos Santos P.,FEUP
Multidimensional Systems and Signal Processing | Year: 2015
In this paper, the gas dynamics within the pipelines is modelled as a repetitive process with smoothing. Controllability and observability criteria when the system is steered through initial and boundary data, which is achieved by an adequate choice of the homogeneity, are obtained. From the point of view of the technical applications, it seems to make more sense to consider boundary data controls as for instance in the management of high pressure gas networks. Stability criteria suitable computer simulations are also included. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York
Morais J.J.L.,CITAB UTAD |
de Moura M.F.S.F.,University of Porto |
Pereira F.A.M.,CITAB UTAD |
Xavier J.,CITAB UTAD |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials | Year: 2010
The primary objective of this work was to analyse the adequacy of the Double Cantilever Beam (DCB) test in determining fracture toughness under pure mode I loading of cortical bone tissue. A new data reduction scheme based on specimen compliance and the crack equivalent concept was used to overcome the difficulties inherent in crack monitoring during its growth. It provides a complete resistance curve, which is fundamental in estimating the fracture energy. A cohesive zone model was used to simulate damage initiation and propagation, thus assessing the efficacy of the proposed testing method and data reduction scheme. Subsequently, the DCB test was applied to evaluate the mode I fracture energy of hydrated and thermally dehydrated cortical bone tissue from young bovine femur, in the tangential-longitudinal propagation system. The results obtained demonstrate the efficacy of the DCB test and the proposed data reduction scheme on the bone fracture characterization under mode I loading. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Filipe V.,CIDESD |
Fernandes F.,UTAD |
Fernandes H.,UTAD |
Sousa A.,CITAB |
And 2 more authors.
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2012
This paper presents a system which extends the use of the traditional white cane by the blind for navigation purposes in indoor environments. Depth data of the scene in front of the user is acquired using the Microsoft Kinect sensor which is then mapped into a pattern representation. Using neural networks, the proposed system uses this information to extract relevant features from the scene, enabling the detection of possible obstacles along the way. The results show that the neural network is able to correctly classify the type of pattern presented as input.
Monzon A.,University of Trás os Montes e Alto Douro |
Vaz da Silva S.,Direccao Regional de Florestas do Centro |
Forest Ecology and Management | Year: 2012
The ever growing presence of red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the forest perimeters of the Lousã Mountain area of central Portugal is causing local conflicts among stakeholders who report damage to agriculture and forest. One of the forest perimeter regions (Lousã) has been selected to develop a Portuguese Standard for the Forest Certification System (PEFCC). The aim of this study was to determine whether any real damage or impact caused by red deer had in fact occurred in the area. Four types of forest cover were considered and nine plots (150m 2) were randomly selected within each type. All trees were recorded and the diameter at breast height (dbh) was measured. The characteristics of marks of each rubbed tree were recorded. The amount of foliage browsing was estimated visually as a percentage except in situations of regeneration where the total number of consumed leader or lateral shoots was counted. The shrub layer was scored according to height and cover. Altitude and distance to the nearest village, river or national road were measured in each plot to analyse their influence on the degree of damage. Cluster analysis allowed us to observe a damage pattern across the study plots that separated browsing damage from fraying damage. Pine regeneration type vegetation suffered significant damage by browsing but the percentage of damage due to fraying was not significantly different between forest types. Some species of trees, such as sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa), were more susceptible to fraying damage. In all cases, deer clearly preferred rubbing on the smallest trees.A classification tree where the percentage of rubbed trees was the response variable, showed that diameter at breast height (dbh), distance to national road and the number of trees were primary contributors to probability of damage. We propose that new indicators should be introduced into the certification process and that there is also a need to find a balance between different stakeholders' interests and wildlife. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
de Assis E.V.,Federal University of Paraiba |
de Freitas Jr. J.H.A.,UTAD
Revista Neurociencias | Year: 2014
Objective. The aim of this study was to analyze the role of physiotherapy in Myasthenia Gravis (MG) through a case study. Method. The method comprised a case report of a female patient, affected by MG, undergoes a program of physiotherapy activities. Was conducted with three physical therapy sessions weekly for fifty minutes each on alternate days, totaling 15 sessions, using techniques of stretching and strengthening exercises, hydrotherapy techniques associated with the method Bad Ragaz. Results. The results showed gains in motor function, sensitivity, muscle tropism, superficial reflexes, deep tendon reflexes and muscle strength. Conclusion. In conclusion, we observed that the physical therapy program, this person affected by MG, was able to improve motor function, thus bringing functional benefits.
Optimal Control Applications and Methods | Year: 2010
In this paper, we consider a class of nonlinear optimization problems that arise from the discretization of optimal control problems with bounds on both state and control variables. We are particularly interested in degenerate cases, i.e. when the linear independence constraint qualification is not satisfied. For these problems, we analyse the basic global convergence properties and the numerical behaviour of a multiplier method that updates multipliers corresponding to inequality constraints instead of dealing with multipliers associated with equality constraints. Numerical results obtained for several instances of a discretized optimal control problem governed by a semi-linear elliptic equation are included and indicate that this method is robust on degenerate cases, compared with other nonlinear optimization solvers. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.