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Thouin H.,Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières | Thouin H.,CNRS Earth Sciences Institute of Orléans | Battaglia-Brunet F.,Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières | Battaglia-Brunet F.,CNRS Earth Sciences Institute of Orléans | And 6 more authors.
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2017

A mesocosm study was conducted to assess the impact of water saturation episodes and of the input of bioavailable organic matter on the biogeochemical cycles of C and N, and on the behavior of metal(loid)s in a soil highly contaminated by the destruction of arsenical shells. An instrumented mesocosm was filled with contaminated soil taken from the “Place-à-Gaz” site. Four cycles of dry and wet periods of about one month were simulated for 276 days. After two dry/wet cycles, organic litter sampled on the site was added above the topsoil. The nitrogen cycle was the most impacted by the wet/dry cycles, as evidenced by a denitrification microbial process in the saturated level. The concentrations of the two most mobile pollutants, Zn and As, in the soil water and in the mesocosm leachate were, respectively, in the 0.3–1.6 mM and 20–110 μM ranges. After 8 months of experiment, about 83 g·m− 3 of Zn and 3.5 g·m− 3 of As were leached from the soil. These important quantities represent < 1% of the solid stock of this contaminant. Dry/wet cycles had no major effect on Zn mobility. However, soil saturation induced the immobilization of As by trapping As V but enhanced As III mobility. These phenomena were amplified by the presence of bioavailable organic matter. The study showed that the natural deposition of forest organic litter allowed a part of the soil's biological function to be restored but did not immobilize all the Zn and As, and even contributed to transport of As III to the surrounding environment. The main hazard of this type of site, contaminated by organo-arsenic chemical weapons, is the constitution of a stock of As that may leach into the surrounding environment for several hundred years. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.


Hernandez F.,University Paris Est Creteil | Seby F.,UT2A | Millour S.,University Paris Est Creteil | Noel L.,University Paris Est Creteil | Guerin T.,University Paris Est Creteil
Food Chemistry | Year: 2017

This study presents the optimisation through an experimental design then the validation of a method to determine Cr(VI) in certain foodstuffs by high-performance ionic chromatography with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. This method is free from interferences possibly associated with chloride and organic or inorganic carbon. Analytical performances assessed by the accuracy profile method were satisfactory in terms of linearity, specificity, sensitivity, accuracy, repeatability and intermediate precision. Limits of quantification ranged from 0.6 μg.kg−1 in dairy products to 0.8 μg.kg−1 in cereal products. The method was applied to the determination of Cr(VI) in dairy and cereal products from different brands and origins. Despite the method's very high sensitivity, Cr(VI) was not found in all the studied samples. This confirms the results of the most recent studies using an on-line speciation method, and invalidates older studies that found traces of Cr(VI) in food by using a less specific off-line speciation method. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Vacchina V.,UT2A | Oguey S.,Pancosma | Ionescu C.,Pancosma | Bravo D.,Pancosma | Lobinski R.,LCABIE UMR5254
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2010

A method was developed for the determination of metal complexes with glycine (glycinates, [M(Gly)x(H2O)y(SO 4)z]n, where M denotes Zn, Cu, Mn and Fe) in premix samples used for the preparation of animal feeds enriched in essential trace elements. The method was based on the extraction of the glycinates with 10 mM ammonium acetate (pH 7.4) followed by their determination using capillary electrophoresis with ICP MS detection. The stability of the glycinates in solution was verified by electrospray TOF-MS. Each supplement was shown to be a mixture of complexes, with polymerization degrees ranging from n∈=∈1 to n∈=∈4 (depending on the metal), that were fully or partially dehydrated. The metal glycine complex moiety was found to be preserved during capillary electrophoresis. The detection limits, calculated as three times the standard deviation of the blank plus the blank, were between 0.05 and 0.2 μg mL-1 (as the metal), and the calibration curves were linear, allowing the analysis of premix samples. Repeatability for glycinate standards was below 12%, and analytical precision was typically within 15%. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


This study presents the optimisation through an experimental design then the validation of a method to determine Cr(VI) in certain foodstuffs by high-performance ionic chromatography with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. This method is free from interferences possibly associated with chloride and organic or inorganic carbon. Analytical performances assessed by the accuracy profile method were satisfactory in terms of linearity, specificity, sensitivity, accuracy, repeatability and intermediate precision. Limits of quantification ranged from 0.6g.kg(-1) in dairy products to 0.8g.kg(-1) in cereal products. The method was applied to the determination of Cr(VI) in dairy and cereal products from different brands and origins. Despite the methods very high sensitivity, Cr(VI) was not found in all the studied samples. This confirms the results of the most recent studies using an on-line speciation method, and invalidates older studies that found traces of Cr(VI) in food by using a less specific off-line speciation method.


Vacchina V.,UT2A | Moutet M.,Tetrahedron | Yadan J.-C.,Tetrahedron | de Baene F.,Eco Solution | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2010

An analytical method was developed for the simultaneous speciation of selenomethionine (SeMet) and 2-hydroxy-4-methylselenobutanoic acid (NutraSelen®), a new SeMet precursor. The compounds could be baseline resolved by ion-pairing reversed-phase HPLC using ICP MS detection. Detection limits of 1 ng mL-1 (Se content) could be reached. SELM-1 reference material was used to validate the SeMet measurement. Additionally, the quantification of NutraSelen® was validated by standard addition together with checking the Se mass balance. The procedure developed was then applied to the monitoring of the conversion of NutraSelen® into SeMet by yeast. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


PubMed | French National Center for Scientific Research, Technical University of Gdansk, UT2A and CNRS Chemistry Laboratory
Type: | Journal: Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry | Year: 2016

A matrix removal procedure with ion-exchange resin prior to analysis for 18 fluorinated benzoic acids (FBAs) tracers in saline (>25% salt) reservoir water was optimized. The elimination of >98% of salt and the simultaneous matrix sample cleanup allowed the direct analysis using the supernatant by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). This resulted in a gain in detection limits for most of the tracers in comparison with the reference method (direct analysis after minimum required dilution). The limits of detection (LODs) were in the range of 0.01-0.15ng/ml and compared to other studies the developed method provided comparable limits of detection and advantage of simplified and shorter sample preparation. The presented method offers a considerable gain in simplicity and analysis time. Recoveries for all the tracers reached 80-100%, except for 2-FBA and 2,6-dFBA for which they were ca. 60%. The low recoveries were corrected by the use of five isotopically labeled internal standards. The method was validated by the analysis of spiked samples and by an independent comparison of the results with those obtained by solid-phase extraction LC-MS/MS method.


Vacchina V.,UT2A | Ionescu C.,Pancosma | Oguey S.,Pancosma | Lobinski R.,UMR 5254
Talanta | Year: 2013

A method was developed for the quantification of Zn-, Cu- and Mn-glycinates in supplemented feed samples. The coupling of capillary electrophoresis (CE) with ICP MS detection after purification of the extract by ultrafiltration was shown to be efficient for the quantitative recovery of glycinates. The method developed was then applied to evaluate the bioaccessibility of glycinates using a sequential enzymolysis approach. The data obtained indicated a strong bioaccessibility of each element (79-94%). A new complex was also found to be formed during the digestion process. Bioavailability was then evaluated by analyzing plasma samples of horses supplemented with glycinates-rich feed. Intact glycinates could not be detected in plasma samples but a Cu-containing molecule was found more abundant after CuGly treatment. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.


Vacchina V.,UT2A | de la Calle I.,UT2A | de la Calle I.,University of Vigo | Seby F.,UT2A
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2015

A method has been developed for the specific and sensitive determination of Cr(VI) in foods. First, the interactions between Cr(VI) and the matrices were investigated by size-exclusion HPLC-ICP-MS (SEC-ICP-MS). Evidence was found for the complexation of Cr(VI) potentially present with the ligands. For quantification of Cr(VI), the method was based on an alkaline extraction (NH4OH solution at pH 11.5) followed by Cr(VI) determination by anion-exchange HPLC-ICP-MS. Analytical performances of the method were satisfactory in terms of linearity, specificity, accuracy, repeatability, and intermediate precision. Detection limits ranged from 1 to 10 μg/kg, depending on the matrices investigated. The method was then applied for the determination of Cr(VI) in several products (dairy products, flour, chocolate, vegetables, fruits, meat, fish, eggs, and beverages) from different brands and origins. Cr(VI) was found in none of the samples investigated. To further investigate the reason for this absence, a stability study of spiked Cr(VI) was therefore conducted. A semi-skimmed cow milk was selected for this study. Cr(VI) was shown to be unstable in this matrix with a degradation rate increasing with the temperature.[Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


A method has been developed for the specific and sensitive determination of Cr(VI) in foods. First, the interactions between Cr(VI) and the matrices were investigated by size-exclusion HPLC-ICP-MS (SEC-ICP-MS). Evidence was found for the complexation of Cr(VI) potentially present with the ligands. Forquantification of Cr(VI), the method was based on an alkaline extraction (NH4OH solution at pH11.5) followed by Cr(VI) determination by anion-exchange HPLC-ICP-MS. Analytical performances of the method were satisfactory in terms of linearity, specificity, accuracy, repeatability, and intermediate precision. Detection limits ranged from 1 to 10g/kg, depending on the matrices investigated. The method was then applied for the determination of Cr(VI) in several products (dairy products, flour, chocolate, vegetables, fruits, meat, fish, eggs, and beverages) from different brands and origins. Cr(VI) was found in none of the samples investigated. To further investigate the reason for this absence, a stability study of spiked Cr(VI) was therefore conducted. A semi-skimmed cow milk was selected for this study. Cr(VI) was shown to be unstable in this matrix with a degradation rate increasing with the temperature.


A method has been developed for the specific and sensitive determination of Cr(VI) in foods. First, the interactions between Cr(VI) and the matrices were investigated by size-exclusion HPLC-ICP-MS (SEC-ICP-MS). Evidence was found for the complexation of Cr(VI) potentially present with the ligands. For quantification of Cr(VI), the method was based on an alkaline extraction (NH4OH solution at pH 11.5) followed by Cr(VI) determination by anion-exchange HPLC-ICP-MS. Analytical performances of the method were satisfactory in terms of linearity, specificity, accuracy, repeatability, and intermediate precision. Detection limits ranged from 1 to 10 μg/kg, depending on the matrices investigated. The method was then applied for the determination of Cr(VI) in several products (dairy products, flour, chocolate, vegetables, fruits, meat, fish, eggs, and beverages) from different brands and origins. Cr(VI) was found in none of the samples investigated. To further investigate the reason for this absence, a stability study of spiked Cr(VI) was therefore conducted. A semi-skimmed cow milk was selected for this study. Cr(VI) was shown to be unstable in this matrix with a degradation rate increasing with the temperature.

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