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Sima P.,Mikrobiologicky ustav v. v. i. | Turek B.,Spolecnost pro vyzivu | Bencko V.,Ustav hygieny a epidemiologie 1. LF UK a VFN
Prakticky Lekar | Year: 2013

Nutritional imunology: modulation of immunity by components of nutrition Nutritional immunology often termed immunonutritology is a relatively new branch of medical sciences connecting two at first glance quite different fields, immunology and nutrition. In spite of this dissimilarity, immunonutritology has a wide impact on public health. There is a great deal of evidence that the nonadequate or lowered intake of nutrition is reflected in both protein-energetic malnutrition (wasting disorder, kwashiorkor etc.) and immune system disorders. Source


Sima P.,Mikrobiologicky ustav v. v. i. | Turek B.,Spolecnost pro vyzivu | Bencko V.,Ustav hygieny a epidemiologie 1. LF UK a VFN
Prakticky Lekar | Year: 2014

A growing number of in vitro/ in vivo experimental and clinical studies documents that the products of nonenzymatic reactions formed during technological and culinary processing of food may play a major role in the emergence and global spreading of chronic non-infectious diseases. Evidence mainly points towards a pathogenic role for advanced glycation end products (AGE), advanced lipoxidation end products (ALE), and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), which represent the most important dietary compounds that accumulate within the internal milieu of an organism during the whole life span. Currently, they are often regarded as one of a row of causations having strong negative influence on the health and causative agents of chronic diseases burden in all countries, which adopt the westernized lifestyle. Source


Turek B.,Spolecnost pro vyzivu | Sima P.,Mikrobiologicky ustav v. v. i. | Bencko V.,Ustav hygieny a epidemiologie 1. LF UK a VFN
Hygiena | Year: 2014

The recent results of research in the field of nutritional immunology have a wide impact on health protection and promotion-related activities. There is a great deal of evidence showing that the inadequate or lowered nutritional intake is reflected in both protein-energetic malnutrition and immune system disorders. A growing number of in vitro/in vivo experimental and clinical studies documents that the products of non-enzymatic reactions formed during technological and culinary processing of food may play a major role in the emergence and global spread of chronic non-communicable diseases. Evidence mainly points to the pathogenic role of advanced glycation end products (AGE), advanced lipoxidation end products (ALE), and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), which represent the most important dietary compounds that accumulate within the internal milieu of an organism over a whole life span. Currently, these factors are regarded as one of a row of causations with strong negative influence on health and the most frequent causative agents of increasing chronic disease burden in all countries which adopt a 'westernized lifestyle'. Source


Michaela D.,Endokrinologicky Ustav | Hana H.,Endokrinologicky Ustav | Antonin P.,Gynekologicko Porodnicka Klinika | Eva K.,Ustav hygieny a epidemiologie 1. LF UK a VFN
Diabetologie Metabolismus Endokrinologie Vyziva | Year: 2010

Tobacco addiction is considered to be a serious psycho-social and health problem. Smoking during pregnancy could influence not only the maternal body but also has risks for unborn child. Intrauterine tobacco exposition due to maternal smoking has direct effect on fetal health status but could also be a cause of higher risks of disease during whole life. Smoking women may show changes in menstrual cycle and problems with conception. Maternal smoking is one of the most important causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in affluent countries. Maternal smoking increases the risk of spontaneous abortion, low birth weight, premature delivery, infant death from perinatal disorders and sudden infant death syndrome. Smoking during pregnancy can also influence fetal hormonal homeostasis, glucose metabolism with high risk of diabetes mellitus in adulthood of the offspring. In addition passive maternal smoking may also affect fetal hormonal homeostasis. Lasting high prevalence of smoking in population, even among pregnant women, therefore, still plays an important role in the onset and progression of many diseases not only among smokers but also in their children. Source


Kralikova E.,Ustav hygieny a epidemiologie 1. LF UK a VFN
Casopis Lekaru Ceskych | Year: 2012

New Zealand politicians are aware of the devastating economic and health impact of smoking in their country. The prevalence of that dependence is in New Zealand population aged 15 to 64 years about 20%, but only 4% of the population are "happy" smokers. Therefore, the majority of the population, including smokers, should support plan of gradual effective steps, leading in 2025 to "smoke-free" New Zealand with smoking prevalence in the population below 5%. In the same age group, according to the National Institute of Public Health, the Czech smoking prevalence has remained about 30% for almost ten years and no effective tobacco control legislation is in sight. Source

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