Ustav Ekonomiky

Brno, Czech Republic

Ustav Ekonomiky

Brno, Czech Republic
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Bockova N.,Ustav Ekonomiky | Broz Z.,Ustav Informatiky | Dohnal M.,Ustav Ekonomiky
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2012

The objective of this article is to study the relations among financial indicators, competitiveness and business ethics of comparable small and medium-sized enterprises. A sample of 59 SMEs from the South Moravia region was chosen. All selected companies either produce or service electronics. This research is based on the application of scientific analysis, synthesis, induction, fuzzy logic and modeling. Information for this research was obtained from secondary information sources - Amadeus database, accounting statements and information from the register of companies. Each company is described by a set of 10 variables. Fuzzy sets and reasoning are ideal tools to cope with vague, ill-structured and uncertain scenarios which can be found frequently in business and economics. This is the main reason why fuzzy logic was used in this research. The paper is self-explanatory and no a prior knowledge of fuzzy reasoning is required.


Bartes F.,Ustav Ekonomiky
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2011

The aim of this article is to propose work methodology for Competitive Intelligence teams in one of the intelligence cycle's specific area, in the so-called "Intelligence Analysis". Intelligence Analysis is one of the stages of the Intelligence Cycle in which data from both the primary and secondary research are analyzed. The main result of the effort is the creation of added value for the information collected. Company Competiitve Intelligence, correctly understood and implemented in business practice, is the "forecasting of the future". That is forecasting about the future, which forms the basis for strategic decisions made by the company's top management. To implement that requirement in corporate practice, the author perceives Competitive Intelligence as a systemic application discipline. This approach allows him to propose a "Work Plan" for Competitive Intelligence as a fundamental standardized document to steer Competitive Intelligence team activities. The author divides the Competitive Intelligence team work plan into five basic parts. Those parts are derived from the five-stage model of the intelligence cycle, which, in the author's opinion, is more appropriate for complicated cases of Competitive Intelligence.


Kocmanova A.,Ustav Ekonomiky | Docekalova M.,Ustav Ekonomiky
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2011

The article deals with corporate sustainability and environmental and social issues of the integration of corporate performance measurement that may lead to sustainable economic success. Sustainability is a strategy of the process of sustainable development. Sustainability of businesses and sustainable performance can be defined as an integration of environmental, social and economic performance. First and foremost, businesses will want to know what indicators can be used to measure environmental, social and economic performance. What is the mutual relationship between environmental, social and economic performance? How can firms arrive at a comprehensive assessment of their performance in relation to sustainability? The aim of this paper is to analyze corporate environmental, social and economic performance and to analyze their mutual relationships. The final part of the article is an assessment of the contemporary situation and draft Key Performance Indicators (KPI) for assessment of corporate sustainability that will be the subject of further research in a selected NACE-CZ sector and in accordance with Corporate Sustainability Reporting. KPI provide businesses with a means of measuring progress toward achieving objectives.


This article deals with the Competitive Intelligence perception with the regards of its relation to Business Intelligence concept. In this paper the author makes his own definition of Competitive Intelligence. Author describes his Competitive Intelligence concept based on state intelligence service principles with the difference that author takes in consideration only the usage of legal information sources and legal working methods. The basis for his Competitive Intelligence understanding is kept in comparison of the two different meanings of the word information. Author states for the Competitive Intelligence needs is necessary to understand the word information in not only its own meaning as objective entity, but is it also needed relate this information with receiver (analytics), who is able to interpret the content of the information based on his/her knowledge and experiences. This way the author understands the Competitive Intelligence as a prediction about future external environment situation. Further the author describes the Competitive Intelligence as an application discipline of systems theory. In discussion part is the attention paid to Competitive Intelligence units in advanced industrialized countries, mainly to Competitive Intelligence Center and Innovation Intelligence Center.


Bartes F.,Ustav Ekonomiky
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2010

The article deals with problems of an ever increasing number of cases of successful application of old combat strategies in business practice. Nevertheless, the author refuses the so called "direct conflict" of firms, when it is really fought for victory on the market. His approach is based on the philosophy of "victory without fight", in other words - of achieving the aim without direct conflict with the rival firm. In the end he comes to the conclusion that combat philosophies are more and more often incorporated into classical approach of strategic firm control and become the integral part of philosophy of management. At the close happens to opinion that the one from basic factors absolutely necessary to creation such strategy at company, is necessary present so-called "creative intelligence"".


Simberova I.,Ustav Ekonomiky | Kocmanova A.,Ustav Ekonomiky
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2012

The discussion on corporate governance has oriented on practical problems, including corporate fraud, the abuse of managerial power and social irresponsibility. Contemporary cognition implicates the fact that the questions regarding to corporate governance are very actual especially in relation to company competitiveness, company performance and sustainability of success (long term viability). Paper is focused to the current questions regarding to the definition of corporate governance, looking for the appropriate conceptual framework and identification of key corporate governance indicators in selected industrial market in the Czech Republic via cluster analysis. The scientific aim is looking for the appropriate key indicators in processing industry as a base for the corporate governance performance measurement. The presentations of the results in the paper are just part of selected results in the framework of the elaborated research project titled "Construction of Methods for Multifactor Assessment of Company Complex Performance in Selected Sectors".


Kocmanova A.,Ustav Ekonomiky | Docekalova M.,Ustav Ekonomiky
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2012

The article is focused on economic performance in relation to environmental, social and corporate governance indicators. Indicators are increasingly used by investors to understand the processes in company, focusing on the key factors. Many international institutions engaged in the development of environmental, social and corporate governance indicators and they are in accordance with financial institutions trying to find a common language in defining the environmental, social and corporate governance indicators affecting their common objectives to achieve sustainable, long-term growth and prosperity. The aim of the article is searching for the way of measuring economic performance of the company in relation to environmental, social and corporate governance indicators. On the basis of analysis of the environmental, social and corporate governance performance indicators of international organizations has been carried out empirical research of economic indicators for the companies in the manufacturing sector. The expected result of the research is the design of the economic indicators of performance in relation to environmental, social and corporate governance indicators. These proposed economic performance indicators should enable companies to measure the economic performance and added value towards sustainability.


Vesely S.,Ustav Ekonomiky | Dohnal M.,Ustav Ekonomiky
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2012

The paper presents a simple formalized qualitative model of government tenders (GTs). Qualitative models use just three values: Positive/Increasing, Zero/Constant and Negative/Decreasing. Such quantifiers of trends are the least information intensive. Qualitative models can be useful, since GT evaluation often includes such goals as e.g. efficiency of public purchasing, and variables as e.g. availability of relevant information or subjectivity of judgment, that are difficult to quantify. Hence, a significant fraction of available information about GTs is not of numerical nature, e.g. if availability of relevant information is decreasing then efficiency of public purchasing is decreasing as well. Such equationless relations are studied in this paper. A qualitative model of the function F(Goals, Variables) is developed. The model has four goal functions, eight variables, and 39 equationless relations. The model is solved and seven solutions, i.e. scenarios are obtained. All qualitative states, including first and second qualitative derivatives with respect to time, of all variables are specified for each scenario. Any unsteady state behavior of the GT model is described by its transitional oriented graph. There are eight possible transitions among seven scenarios. No a priori knowledge of qualitative modeling is required on the reader's part.

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