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Brno, Czech Republic

Neruda P.,Ustav Anthropos | Nerudova Z.,Ustav Anthropos
Quaternary International | Year: 2013

The Middle Danube area is one of the key regions of Europe, in which significant interactions between Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans occurred at the transition of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. In the last few decades, interdisciplinary research of the key sites has produced valuable findings that may be applied in the creation of a model of the populations' behaviour in the area. Characteristic features of archaeological cultures in the given period may be reconstructed on the grounds of a critical assessment of the available data. A model of the development of the Palaeolithic at the transition between its Middle and Upper phases was created through a comparison of technology, typology, composition, and distribution of lithic raw materials, settlement strategies, and dating of archaeological sites. The model assumes a relatively long occupation of Neanderthals in Moravia, with Szeletian, the manifestation of their material culture, territorially respecting Bohunician, the penecontemporaneous culture. Judging by the known radiocarbon dating, anatomically modern humans penetrated to Moravia relatively late, and their arrival was probably a cause of disappearance of the Bohunician. Distribution of lithic raw materials and a typological comparison suggest a possibility of local interactions between Aurignacian and the developed Szeletian. © 2011.

Jarosova I.,Ustav Anthropos | Roblickova M.,Ustav Anthropos | Salas M.,Ustav Anthropos | Kocar P.,Archeologicky ustav AV CR | Fisakova M.N.,Archeologicky ustav AV CR
Journal of Marine Science and Application | Year: 2012

The aim of the multidisciplinary analysis of bioarchaeological sources from the Cezavy site near Blučina (Brno-venkov district) was to contribute to a reconstruction of the food sources of the local population at the beginning of the Late Bronze Age. The buccal dental microwear and isotopic analyses of anthropological material indicate that the diet of all individuals was mixed; a various plant ratio was inferred in nine individuals, whereas eight individuals had a higher meat intake, of which the main source were small ruminants (sheep/goat) and domestic pig. Other sources of meat were irregular; aside from hunted game, isotope analysis showed the consumption of marine fish in three males. Since strontium isotope analysis indicated that these individuals had never migrated, the marine fish must have been brought to this territory as a preserved import. Cereal grains, roasted at the site in their spikelets and glumes, played a key role in the plant component of food. Despite not being prepared for consumption, in this form they could have been a suitable object for a burnt sacrifice. The population living on the elevated Cezavy site can be classified among groups with a mixed diet, with a predominance of plant sources. © Archeologický ústav AV ÈR, Praha, v.v.i.

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