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Ashland, PA, United States

Mirsaidov U.,National University of Singapore | Mirsaidov U.,USPolyResearch | Timashev S.F.,Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry | Polyakov Y.S.,USPolyResearch | And 4 more authors.

The functional properties of many technological surfaces in biotechnology, electronics, and mechanical engineering depend to a large degree on the individual features of their nanoscale surface texture, which in turn is a function of the surface manufacturing process. Among these features, the surface irregularities and self-similarity structures at different spatial scales, especially in the range of 1 to 100 nm, are of high importance because they greatly affect the surface interaction forces acting at a nanoscale distance. An analytical method for parameterizing the surface irregularities and their correlations in nanosurfaces imaged by atomic force microscopy (AFM) is proposed. In this method, flicker noise spectroscopy - a statistical physics approach - is used to develop six nanometrological parameters characterizing the high-frequency contributions of jump- and spike-like irregularities into the surface texture. These contributions reflect the stochastic processes of anomalous diffusion and inertial effects, respectively, in the process of surface manufacturing. The AFM images of the texture of corrosion-resistant magnetite coatings formed on low-carbon steel in hot nitrate solutions with coating growth promoters at different temperatures are analyzed. It is shown that the parameters characterizing surface spikiness are able to quantify the effect of process temperature on the corrosion resistance of the coatings. It is suggested that these parameters can be used for predicting and characterizing the corrosion-resistant properties of magnetite coatings. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source

Litak G.,Lublin University of Technology | Polyakov Y.S.,USPolyResearch | Polyakov Y.S.,New Jersey Institute of Technology | Timashev S.F.,Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry | Rusinek R.,Lublin University of Technology
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications

We use flicker-noise spectroscopy (FNS), a phenomenological method for the analysis of time and spatial series operating on structure functions and power spectrum estimates, to identify and study harmful chatter vibrations in a regenerative turning process. The 3D cutting force components experimentally measured during stainless steel turning are analyzed, and the parameters of their stochastic dynamics are estimated. Our analysis shows that the system initially exhibiting regular vibrations associated with spindle rotation becomes unstable to high-frequency noisy oscillations (chatter) at larger cutting depths. We suggest that the chatter may be attributed to frictional stick-and-slip interactions between the contact surfaces of cutting tool and workpiece. We compare our findings with previously reported results obtained by statistical, recurrence, multifractal, and wavelet methods. We discuss the potential of FNS in monitoring the turning process in manufacturing practice. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Ryabinin G.V.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Polyakov Yu.S.,USPolyResearch | Gavrilov V.A.,Institute of Volcanology and Seismology | Timashev S.F.,Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry
Natural Hazards and Earth System Science

A phenomenological systems approach for identifying potential precursors in multiple signals of different types for the same local seismically active region is proposed based on the assumption that a large earthquake may be preceded by a system reconfiguration (preparation) on different time and space scales. A nonstationarity factor introduced within the framework of flicker-noise spectroscopy, a statistical physics approach to the analysis of time series, is used as the dimensionless criterion for detecting qualitative (precursory) changes within relatively short time intervals in arbitrary signals. Nonstationarity factors for chlorine-ion concentration variations in the underground water of two boreholes on the Kamchatka peninsula and geacoustic emissions in a deep borehole within the same seismic zone are studied together in the time frame around a large earthquake on 8 October 2001. It is shown that nonstationarity factor spikes (potential precursors) take place in the interval from 70 to 50 days before the earthquake for the hydrogeochemical data and at 29 and 6 days in advance for the geoacoustic data. © Author(s) 2011. Source

Ryabinin G.V.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Gavrilov V.A.,Institute of Volcanology and Seismology | Polyakov Y.S.,USPolyResearch | Timashev S.F.,Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry
Acta Geophysica

We propose a new type of earthquake precursor based on the analysis of correlation dynamics between geophysical signals of different nature. The precursor is found using a two-parameter cross-correlation function introduced within the framework of flicker-noise spectroscopy, a general statistical physics approach to the analysis of time series. We consider an example of cross-correlation analysis for water salinity time series, an integral characteristic of the chemical composition of groundwater, and geoacoustic emissions recorded at the G-1 borehole on the Kamchatka peninsula in the time frame from 2001 to 2003, which is characterized by a sequence of three groups of significant seismic events. We found that cross-correlation precursors took place 27, 31, and 35 days ahead of the strongest earthquakes for each group of seismic events, respectively. At the same time, precursory anomalies in the signals themselves were observed only in the geoacoustic emissions for one group of earthquakes. © 2012 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien. Source

Timashev S.F.,Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry | Panischev O.Y.,Kazan Federal University | Polyakov Y.S.,USPolyResearch | Demin S.A.,Kazan Federal University | Kaplan A.Y.,Moscow State University
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications

We apply flicker-noise spectroscopy (FNS), a time series analysis method operating on structure functions and power spectrum estimates, to study the clinical electroencephalogram (EEG) signals recorded in children/adolescents (11 to 14 years of age) with diagnosed schizophrenia-spectrum symptoms at the National Center for Psychiatric Health (NCPH) of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. The EEG signals for these subjects were compared with the signals for a control sample of chronically depressed children/adolescents. The purpose of the study is to look for diagnostic signs of subjects' susceptibility to schizophrenia in the FNS parameters for specific electrodes and cross-correlations between the signals simultaneously measured at different points on the scalp. Our analysis of EEG signals from scalp-mounted electrodes at locations F3 and F4, which are symmetrically positioned in the left and right frontal areas of cerebral cortex, respectively, demonstrates an essential role of frequencyphase synchronization, a phenomenon representing specific correlations between the characteristic frequencies and phases of excitations in the brain. We introduce quantitative measures of frequencyphase synchronization and systematize the values of FNS parameters for the EEG data. The comparison of our results with the medical diagnoses for 84 subjects performed at NCPH makes it possible to group the EEG signals into 4 categories corresponding to different risk levels of subjects' susceptibility to schizophrenia. We suggest that the introduced quantitative characteristics and classification of cross-correlations may be used for the diagnosis of schizophrenia at the early stages of its development. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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