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Sokoto, Nigeria

Usmanu Danfodiyo University is one of the initial twelve federal universities in Nigeria founded in 1975. It is in the ancient city of Sokoto.The school is named after Usman Dan Fodio, the founder of the Sokoto Caliphate. Wikipedia.

Dahiru T.,Ahmadu Bello University | Oche O.M.,Usmanu Danfodio University
Pan African Medical Journal | Year: 2015

Introduction: utilization of antenatal care, institutional delivery and postnatal care services in Nigeria are poor even by african average.Methods: we analysed the 2013 Nigeria DHS to determine factors associated with utilization of these health MCH indicators by employing both bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions.Results: overall, 54% of women had at least four ANC visits, 37% delivered in health facility and 29% of new born had postnatal care within two of births. Factors that consistently predict the utilization of the three MCH services are maternal and husband's level education, place of residence, wealth level and parity. Antenatal care strongly predicts both health facility delivery (OR=2.16, 95%CI: 1.99-2.34) and postnatal care utilization (OR=4.67, 95%CI: 3.95-5.54); while health facility delivery equally predicting postnatal care (OR=2.84, 95%CI: 2.20-2.80).Conclusion: improving utilization of these three MCH indicators will require targeting women in the rural areas and those with low level of education as well as creating demand for health facility delivery. Improving ANC use by making it available and accessible will have a multiplier effect of improving facility delivery which will lead to improved postnatal care utilization. © Tukur Dahiru et al. Source

Febrile convulsions (FC) are a common paediatric problem worldwide. Between 1 and 4% of children will have a febrile convulsion with about 4% of cases arising before the age of six months. Although FC is benign and does not cause death, brain damage or learning disorders, it is quite frightening to observers and parents who witness an episode of FC, would think the child is going to die. This was a quasi-experimental study (a pre and post-test interventional, one group), aimed at assessing the impact of health education on knowledge and home management of febrile convulsion amongst mothers in a rural community in North Western Nigeria. A one in three samples of fifty mothers that met the eligibility criteria where selected using systematic random sampling. Structured interviewer administered questionnaire with close and open-ended questions was administered to obtain data at pre- and post intervention. The ages of the mothers ranged from 18-47 with a mean age of 33 ± 7.14 years. The perceived causes of febrile convulsion included fever (28%), witch craft (80%) with majority (98%) of the mothers administering traditional medications. Proportion of study subjects with adequate knowledge of febrile convulsion at baseline and post intervention were 4% (mean knowledge score of 35.3 ± 9.48) and 96.0% (mean knowledge score of 77.69 ± 10.75) respectively (P < 0.0001). Although inadequate knowledge and inappropriate home practices about FC were rampant in the study community, using community members to teach and sensitize the mothers on FC improved their knowledge base significantly. The use of effective educational intervention programmes and parental support groups will go a long way in reducing the incidence of FC among children in our communities. Source

Gulumbe S.U.,Usmanu Danfodio University
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences | Year: 2012

Monitoring crime rate with statistical tools and modem scientific and technological methods determine the safely index or otherwise of a geographical area. This study explores the use of GIS classifications and mean and range charts for monitoring crime rates in a geographical area. The standard charts were constructed using the crime rates of the median levels of crimes from GIS classification of Katsina state crime data. The historical mean can be use to monitor the levels of the crimes in the future period. © Medwell Journals, 2012. Source

Obaroh I.O.,Kebbi State University of Science and Technology | Abubakar U.,Usmanu Danfodio University | Haruna M.A.,Federal University, Dutse | Elinge M.C.,Kebbi State University of Science and Technology
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science | Year: 2015

Pollution of inland water ways is largely as a result of human activities along the river banks. Some heavy metals concentrations of River Argungu were evaluated due to its close proximity to the town. The study lasted for 12 months (March, 2014-February, 2015) using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (ED-XRF) Analysis. Nickel and copper were highest during the month of July with mean values of 1.02±0.02 and 1.81±0.23 mg L-1, respectively, lead and chromium were highest during the month of September with mean values of 13.12±0.18 and 0.14±0.05 mg L-1, respectively. The Mean±SD of eight heavy metals assessed indicated that, nickel, iron, lead and cadmium detected were observed to be higher than the permissible limit (nickel 0.02, iron 0.30, lead 0.01 and cadmium 0.003 mg L-1) throughout the study period. Zinc was however, lower than the permissible limit of World Health Organization (WHO) throughout the period of the study. Most of the highest concentrations of heavy metals observed were at the onset and during the rainy season. The high concentrations of some heavy metals observed in the river could be as a result of human activities mostly concentrated at the river banks and run-off during the rainy season. This study infers that, some fish species could be threaten as a result of the high concentrations of most of the heavy metals, thus the need for an efficient and sustainable fisheries management to control human activities along the river bank. © 2015 Academic Journals Inc. Source

Aliyu M.M.,Ahmadu Bello University | Musa A.I.,Usmanu Danfodio University | Kamal M.J.,Chemistry Advance Laboratory | Mohammed M.G.,Ahmadu Bello University
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine | Year: 2014

Objective: To investigate the phytochemical properties and the anticonvulsant potential of the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of ethanol leaf extract of Globimetula braunii, a plant used in ethnomedicine for the treatment of epilepsy. Methods: The phytochemical screening was carried out using standard protocol while the anticonvulsant activity was studied using maximal electroshock test in chicks, pentylenetetrazole and 4-aminopyridine-induced seizures in mice. Results: The preliminary phytochemical screening carried out on the crude ethanol extract revealed the presence of saponins, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, anthraquinones and steroids. Similarly, tannins, flavonoids and steroids/terpenes were found to be present in the ethyl acetate fraction. In the pharmacological screening, 150 mg/kg of the fraction protected 83.33% of animals against pentylenetetrazole-induced seizure in mice whereas sodium valproate a standard anti-epileptic drug offered 100% protection. In the 4-aminopyridine-induced seizure model, the fraction produced a significant (P < 0.05) increase in the mean onset of seizure in unprotected animals. The fraction did not exhibit a significant activity against maximal electroshock convulsion. The median lethal dose of the fraction was found to be 1 261.91 mg/kg. Conclusions: These results suggest that the ethyl acetate fraction of Globimetula braunii leaves extract possesses psychoactive compound that may be useful in the management of petit mal epilepsy and lend credence to the ethnomedical use of the plant in the management of epilepsy. © 2014 by the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. Source

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