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Genova, Italy

Gimelli S.,University of Geneva | Capra V.,U.O. Neurochirurgia | Di Rocco M.,USD Malattie Rare | Leoni M.,Pediatria II | And 5 more authors.
Molecular Cytogenetics | Year: 2014

Background: Since the introduction of the array-CGH technique in the diagnostic workup of mental retardation, new recurrent copy number variations and novel microdeletion/microduplication syndromes were identified. These findings suggest that some genomic disorders have high penetrance but a wide range of phenotypic severity. Results: We present the clinical and molecular description of four unrelated patients affected by neurodevelopmental disorders and overlapping 7q31.1 microdeletion/microduplication, identified by array-CGH and involving only part of the IMMP2L gene. Conclusion: IMMP2L encodes an inner mitochondrial membrane protease-like protein, which is required for processing of cytochromes inside mitochondria. Numerous studies reported that this gene is implicated in behavioural disorders such as autistic spectrum disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders, and Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. We discuss the functions of the gene suggesting that IMMP2L may act as risk factor for neurological disease. © 2014 Gimelli et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Gimelli S.,University of Geneva | Stathaki E.,University of Geneva | Bena F.,University of Geneva | Leoni M.,Pediatria II | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2014

Whole genome profiling such as array comparative genomic hybridization has identified novel genomic imbalances. Copy number studies led to an explosion of the discoveries of new segmental duplication-mediated deletions and duplications. These rearrangements are mostly the result of non-allelic homologous recombination (NAHR) between low-copy repeats or segmental duplications. We have identified an individual with a small, rare deletion on chromosome 2q21.1 with psychomotor delay, hyperactivity, and aggressive behavior. The rearranged region is flanked by large complex low-copy repeats and includes only five genes: GPR148, FAM123C (AMER3), ARHGEF4, FAM168B, and PLEKHB2. The comparison between our patient and the cases previously reported in the literature contributes to a better definition of genotype-phenotype correlation of 2q21.1 microdeletions. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Gimelli S.,University of Geneva | Leoni M.,USD Malattie Rare | Di Rocco M.,USD Malattie Rare | Caridi G.,Laboratorio Of Fisiopatologia Delluremia | And 4 more authors.
Molecular Cytogenetics | Year: 2013

Background: Interstitial deletions affecting the proximal long arm of chromosome 3 have been rarely reported in the literature. The deleted segments vary in localization and size with different breakpoints making genotype-phenotype correlation very difficult. Until now, a girl with a 1.9-Mb interstitial deletion of 3q13.2q13.31 and 14 novel patients with deletions in 3q11q23 have been reported. Results: Here we report on a 7-year-old girl with neuropsychiatric disorders and renal, vascular and skeletal anomalies. Array-CGH analysis revealed a small rare inherited 3q13.31 deletion containing only two genes, GAP43 and LSAMP. The mutation analysis of the two genes was negative on the other non-deleted chromosome. GAP43 is considered a crucial component for an effective regenerative response in the nervous system and its mRNA is localized exclusively to nerve tissue where the protein is linked to the synaptosomal membrane. LSAMP is a 64- to 68-kD neuronal surface glycoprotein found in cortical and subcortical regions of the limbic system that acts as an adhesion molecule and guides the development of specific patterns of neuronal connection. The deleted region is adjacent to a "desert gene" region extending 2.099 Mb. Conclusions: We discuss the effects of GAP43 and LSAMP haploinsufficiency, proposing that their deletion may be responsible for the main phenotype. Further cases with similar microdeletion are expected to be diagnosed and will help to better characterize the clinical spectrum of phenotypes associated with 3q13.31 microdeletion. © 2013 Gimelli et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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