Hyde T.B.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Andrus J.K.,Pan American Health Organization PAHO |
Dietz V.J.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Andrusc J.K.,Pan American Health Organization PAHO |
And 9 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2013
In 2007, the World Health Organization published the Global Framework for Immunization Monitoring and Surveillance (GFIMS) outlining measures to enhance national surveillance for vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). The GFIMS emphasized that VPD surveillance should be integrated and placed in a 'unified framework' building upon the strengths of existing surveillance systems to prevent duplication of activities common to all surveillance systems and to minimize human resource and supply expenditures. Unfortunately, there was little experience in actually developing integrated VPD surveillance. We describe the process of developing operational guidance for ministries of health to implement such an integrated surveillance system for multiple VPDs. © 2013.