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Lee T.K.,British Columbia Cancer Agency | Breau R.H.,Urology | Eapen L.,The Ottawa Hospital Cancer Center
Journal of Sexual Medicine | Year: 2013

Introduction: There is limited data on post-treatment quality of life (QoL) for men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) with prostate cancer (PCa). QoL in MSM may not be reflected by assessment tools designed for the heterosexual population. Aims: Our goals were to evaluate post-treatment QoL in PCa patients who are MSM, and to investigate the utility of current QoL assessment tool. Methods: PCa patients treated with surgery and/or radiation were recruited from the local MSM community. Each participant completed the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) questionnaire, Male Sexual Health Questionnaire (MSHQ), and a questionnaire focused on insertive and receptive roles of anal intercourse. Main Outcome Measures: Response scores were calculated based on questionnaire design and compared by treatment modality. Results: Seven participants treated with surgery (mean age 58) and eight participants treated with radiation (mean age 67) were recruited. No participant in the surgical group received androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) while two in radiation group were treated with ADT. The sample size of this study did not permit formal statistical analysis, although potential differences in Urinary and Bowel Domains from EPIC and Ejaculation Scale from MSHQ were observed. More participants from the radiation group seemed to be able to maintain both insertive and receptive anal intercourse roles after treatment compared to participants who received surgery. Conclusions: While the two validated assessment tools suggested similar QoL scores including sexual function for both surgical and radiation groups, post-treatment sexual function related to anal intercourse may be better in the radiation group, as compared to the surgical group. Larger studies in PCa patients from MSM community are warranted to verify these data. 2013 International Society for Sexual Medicine. Source

Reflux nephropathy is thought to be the etiology for renal maldevelopment. We present two boys with fetal hydronephrosis and sterile vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). There was lack of renal growth of the refluxing renal units on surveillance renal ultrasound. Parents elected to undergo open ureteral reimplants. Post-surgical ultrasounds demonstrated improved renal growth. © 2015 The Author. Source

Goedendorp M.M.,Expert Center for Chronic Fatigue | Peters M.E.W.J.,Medical Oncology | Gielissen M.F.M.,Medical Psychology | Alfred Witjes J.,Urology | And 3 more authors.
Oncologist | Year: 2010

Background. Two interventions for fatigue were given during curative cancer treatment. The aim of this multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) with three conditions was to demonstrate the efficacy and to determine the contribution of physical activity. Methods. Recruited from seven hospitals, 220 patients with various malignancies participated in a RCT. The brief nursing intervention (BNI) consisted of two 1-hour sessions, 3months apart, given by 12 trained nurses, focusing only on physical activity. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) consisted of up to ten 1-hour sessions, within 6 months, provided by two therapists, focusing on physical activity and psychosocial elements. The control group received only usual care (UC). Assessments took place before and at least 2 months after cancer treatment, when patients had recovered from acute fatigue. Fatigue was the primary outcome. Efficacy was tested using analyses of covariance. A nonparametric bootstrap approach was used to test whether the effect on fatigue was mediated by physical activity. Results. The CBT group was significantly less fatigued than the UC group. Between the BNI and the UC groups, no significant difference was found in fatigue.The mediation hypothesis was rejected. Discussion. CBT given during curative cancer treatment proved to be an effective intervention to reduce fatigue at least 2 months after cancer treatment. The BNI was not effective. Contrary to what was expected, physical activity did not mediate the effect of CBT on fatigue. Thus, the reduction in fatigue elicited by CBT was realized without a lasting increase in physical activity. © AlphaMed Press. Source

Henry G.D.,Regional Urology | Carrion R.,University of South Florida | Jennermann C.,Regional Urology | Wang R.,Urology
Journal of Sexual Medicine | Year: 2015

Introduction: The most prevalent long-term complaint after successful inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) surgery is reduction of penile length. The purpose of this study was to evaluate penile measurements in patients whose implantation experience included the aggressive new length measurement technique (NLMT) coupled with postoperative IPP rehabilitation (daily inflation) of the implant for 1 year. Moreover, we aimed to document objective data concerning dimensional changes of the phallus over time. Postoperative IPP rehabilitation has been discussed and presented at meetings, but no multi-institutional prospective data have been published. Aim: Our goal was to assess results using the Coloplast Titan IPP, with NLMT, and postoperative rehabilitation. Methods: After IRB approval, we conducted a prospective, three-center study of 40 patients who underwent IPP placement, with NLMT for end organ failure erectile dysfunction with the Coloplast Titan IPP. The patient was instructed to inflate daily for 6 months and then inflate maximally for 1-2 hours daily for 6-12 months. Fifteen penile measurements were taken before and immediately after surgery and at follow-up visits. Main Outcome Measure: Penile length measurements after implantation compared with 12 months postimplantation. Results: Penile measurement changes were statistically significantly improved at 12 months as compared with immediately postoperative and at 6 months. A total of 64.5% of subjects were satisfied with their length at 1 year, and 74.2% had perceived penile length that was longer (29%) or the same (45.2%) as prior to the surgery; 61.3% and 16.1% of subjects had increased and unchanged satisfaction, respectively, with penile length as compared with prior to IPP surgery. All but two subjects (93.4%) were satisfied with the overall function and dimensions of their IPP. Conclusion: This study suggests using the Coloplast Titan IPP with aggressive cylinder sizing, and a postoperative penile rehabilitation inflation protocol may help optimize patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements. © 2015 International Society for Sexual Medicine. Source

Tandogdu Z.,Taksim Teaching Hospital | Cek M.,Trakya Medical School | Wagenlehner F.,Justus Liebig University | Naber K.,TU Munich | And 3 more authors.
World Journal of Urology | Year: 2014

Objective: To present the worldwide antibiotic resistance rates of uropathogens reported in nosocomial urinary tract infections (NAUTI) during the period of 2003-2010. Materials and methods: Data from the Global Prevalence Study of Infections in Urology from the period of 2003-2010 were analyzed to evaluate the resistance rates of pathogens causing NAUTI. The web-based application was used to record data of investigators from urology departments participating in the study every year during the days allocated in November. Each center was allowed to enter data on a single day of the study. The point prevalence data was used to find differences among geographic regions and years by utilizing multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of 19,756 patients were hospitalized during the study period, and in 1,866 of them, NAUTI was reported. Proof of infection was reported in 1,395 patients. Resistance rates of all antibiotics tested other than imipenem against the total bacterial spectrum were higher than 10 % in all regions. Resistance to almost all pathogens was lowest in North Europe, and there is no single year where an outbreak of resistance has been detected. Conclusion: The resistance rates of most of the uropathogens against the antibiotics tested did not show significant trends of increase or decrease with Asia exhibiting the highest rates in general. The only antibiotic tested with an overall resistance rate below 10 % was imipenem. Knowledge of regional and local resistance data and prudent use of antibiotics are necessary to optimize antibiotic therapy in urological patients with NAUTI. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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