Whitaker H.C.,Uro Oncology Research Group |
Patel D.,Uro Oncology Research Group |
Howat W.J.,Histopathology and in Situ Hybridisation Core Facility |
Warren A.Y.,Addenbrookes Hospital |
And 13 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013
Objective:We have previously identified peroxiredoxin-3 (PRDX-3) as a cell-surface protein that is androgen regulated in the LNCaP prostate cancer (PCa) cell line. PRDX-3 is a member of the peroxiredoxin family that are responsible for neutralising reactive oxygen species.Experimental design:PRDX-3 expression was examined in tissue from 32 patients using immunohistochemistry. Subcellular distribution was determined using confocal microscopy. PRDX-3 expression was determined in antiandrogen-resistant cell lines by western blotting and quantitative RT-PCR. The pathways of PRDX-3 overexpression and knockdown on apoptosis and response to oxidative stress were investigated using protein arrays. Results: PRDX-3 is upregulated in a number of endocrine-regulated tumours; in particular in PCa and prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Although the majority of PRDX-3 is localised to the mitochondria, we have confirmed that PRDX-3 at the cell membrane is androgen regulated. In antiandrogen-resistant LNCaP cell lines, PRDX-3 is upregulated at the protein but not RNA level. Resistant cells also possess an upregulation of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) pathway and resistance to H2O 2-induced apoptosis through a failure to activate pro-Apoptotic pathways. Knockdown of PRDX-3 restored H2O2 sensitivity. Conclusion: Our results suggest that PRDX-3 has an essential role in regulating oxidation-induced apoptosis in antiandrogen-resistant cells. PRDX-3 may have potential as a therapeutic target in castrate-independent PCa. © 2013 Cancer Research UK. All rights reserved.