Urmia University of Medical Sciences

www.umsu.ac.ir
Orumiyeh, Iran

Urmia University of Medical science, is a medical school in Urmia, West Azarbaijan province of Iran.Urmia University of Medical College Established on 1980 as part of Medical School of Urmia University. In 1985 under supervision of Iranian Ministry of Health the school detached from Urmia University and a new university established with the name of Urmia University of Medical Science.The university has six schools and administers all public hospitals in and around the city of Urmia.Urmia School of Pharmacy is reachable at web site address of http:/ Wikipedia.

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Bahmani M.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences | Sarrafchi A.,Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences | Shirzad H.,Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences | Rafieian-Kopaei M.,Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
Current Pharmaceutical Design | Year: 2016

Autism is a comprehensive growth abnormality in which social skills, language, communication, and behavioral skills are developed with delay and as diversionary. The reasons for autism are unclear, but various theories of genetics, immunity, biological, and psychosocial factors have been proffered. In fact, autism is a complex disorder with distinct causes that usually co-occur. Although no medicine has been recognized to treat this disorder, pharmacological treatments can be effective in reducing its signs, such as self-mutilation, aggression, repetitive and stereotyped behaviors, inattention, hyperactivity, and sleeping disorders. Recently, complementary and alternative approaches have been considered to treat autism. Ginkgo biloba is one of the most effective plants with an old history of applications in neuropsychological disorders which recently is used for autism. The present review discusses the recent findings, pathophysiology, and etiology of autism and thereafter addresses the promising results of herbal remedies. © 2016 Bentham Science Publishers.


Sarrafchi A.,Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences | Bahmani M.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences | Shirzad H.,Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences | Rafieian-Kopaei M.,Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
Current Pharmaceutical Design | Year: 2015

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder due to dopamine deficit in substatia nigra. PD is mainly a sporadic disease with unestablished etiology. However, exposure to environmental toxins, head trauma, inflammation, and free radicals are potential reasons. Recently, the role of oxidative stress in neurological abnormalities, including PD, has been particularly addressed. Antioxidant remedies, particularly herbal antioxidants, have revealed new perspectives of research and therapy as possible preventive and therapeutic approaches for PD. In this paper, we reviewed the recently published papers on the effects of herbal medicines on PD alongside the pathogenesis of PD with regard to oxidative stress. © 2016 Bentham Science Publishers.


Afshar A.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery | Year: 2017

During fixation of a femoral neck fracture in a 23-year-old male patient with cannulated screws, a broken guide wire fragment inadvertently advanced through the hip joint and protruded into the pelvis. A second surgical approach was needed to remove the broken fragment from the pelvis. Awareness of such a potentially devastating complication will make surgeons more cautious during implementation of orthopedic instruments and increases patient's safety during surgery. © 2017 By The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery.


Mirzatolooei F.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica | Year: 2011

Objectives: To evaluate the outcome and satisfaction of closed treatment versus open reduction and internal fixation in comminuted clavicular fractures. Methods: Sixty patients with displaced clavicular fractures were randomized into operative (29 patients) and nonoperative (31 patients) groups. Three patients in the operative group did not accept the surgery, and seven patients in the nonoperative group did not complete the one-year follow-up. Outcomes were assessed using the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score, Constant shoulder score, specific questions regarding patients' final satisfaction, physical examination, measurement of the shortening of the clavicular length, and plain radiographs. Results: There was one nonunion in the operative group and one in the nonoperative group. The nonunion in operative group was the result of the only infection in this group. Four malunions were developed in the operative group and nineteen malunions in the nonoperative treatment, (p<0.001). Three patients in the operative group were completely dissatisfied with their treatment. Eighteen patients in the nonoperative group were partially satisfied. Pain was the main reason for dissatisfaction in this group. The mean shortening of the clavicle was 26.5 mm in the non-operative group and 4.0 mm in the operative group. The mean DASH score for the operative and nonoperative groups were 8.6 and 21.3, respectively (p<0.001); and the Constant shoulder scores were 89.8 and 78.8 (p<0.001). Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation of comminuted fractures of the clavicle using a reconstruction plate is an effective treatment modality. Despite the variety of complications, this method has a higher satisfaction rate than conservative treatment. © 2011 Turkish Association of Orthopaedics and Traumatology.


Mirzatolooei F.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences | Alamdari M.T.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences | Khalkhali H.R.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B | Year: 2013

The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) as an adjuvant to tissue repair is gaining favour in orthopaedic surgery. Tunnel widening after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a recognised phenomenon that could compromise revision surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PRP might prevent tunnel widening in ACL reconstruction. Patients undergoing ACL reconstruction using a hamstring graft were randomly allocated either to have PRP introduced into the tunnels peri-operatively or not. CT scanning of the knees was carried out on the day after surgery and at three months post-operatively and the width of the tunnels was measured. Patients were also evaluated clinically at three months, when laxity was also measured. Each group comprised 25 patients, and at three months post-operatively all were pain-free with stable knees, a negative Lachman test and a good range of movement. Arthrometric results had improved significantly in both groups (p < 0.001). Despite slightly less tunnel widening in the PRP group, there was no significant difference between the groups at the femoral opening or the mid-tunnel (p = 0.370 and p = 0.363, respectively) nor at the tibial opening or mid-tunnel (p = 0.333 and p = 0.177, respectively). We conclude that PRP has no significant effect in preventing tunnel widening after ACL reconstruction. © 2013 British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.


Afshar A.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery | Year: 2016

This case report presents a case of Fanconi's Anemia with an unusual thumb polydactyly in a 2-year-old boy. The extra thumb had no nail, nail bed and distal phalanx. The extra thumb had no active motion.The duplication of the thumb occurred at the carpometacarpal joint but its morphology did not match with any classification described for thumb polydactyly. Although his thumb polydactyly was apparent at birth, Fanconi's anemia was not suspected until during a routine pre-operative laboratory test (CBC) for the elective surgery of his thumb. An early diagnosis of FA is important and the hand surgeons may be the first to have the opportunity to suspect and diagnose the underlying life threatening disorder. This case report presented an opportunity to diagnosis a fatal disorder by a routine pre operative laboratory test. To the best of my knowledge, the phenotype of the thumb polydactyly of the current case has not yet reported. ©BY THE ARCHIVES OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY.


Afshar A.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B | Year: 2010

In this case report a four-year-old girl with ulnar dimelia is described. She had six digits without mirror symmetry in her right hand. The first pre-axial digit was excised and true pollicisation performed for the second pre-axial digit. The arterial anatomy was abnormal but there was not symmetrical development of the arterial tree. ©2010 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery.


Afshar A.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Hand Surgery | Year: 2010

Purpose The aim of surgical treatment in the early stages of Kienbck's disease is to decrease compressive loading of the lunate to promote revascularization. Capitate shortening osteotomy is one technique that has been advocated in Kienbck's disease with ulnar neutral or positive variance and Lichtman stage I to IIIA. The purpose of this study was to examine the revascularization process of the lunate after capitate shortening osteotomy. Methods This was a retrospective study of 9 patients with Kienbck's disease with Lichtman stage II or IIIA and ulnar neutral or positive variance. I confirmed avascular necrosis of the lunate in all the patients by magnetic resonance imaging preoperatively. Capitate shortening osteotomy was performed through a dorsal approach and fixed with K-wires. I used magnetic resonance images with fat suppression to detect the revascularization of the lunate after surgery. Results The mean follow-up was 12 months (range, 816 mo). All patients demonstrated partial revascularization of the lunate and the mean revascularization time was 4.7 months (range, 37 mo), which was interpreted as the beginning of the revascularization process. Conclusions Capitate shortening osteotomy is an efficient technique to induce the revascularization process in the early stages of Kienbck's disease. Type of study/level of evidence Therapeutic IV. © 2010 American Society for Surgery of the Hand.


Tabrizi F.M.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations among the internal health locus of control, depression, perceived health status, self efficacy, social support, and health-promoting behavior in Iranian breast cancer survivors and to determine influential variables. Materials and Methods: A predictive design was adopted. By convenient sampling the data of 262 breast cancer survivors in Iran were collected by questionnaires during 2014. Data were analyzed applying descriptive statistics, t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The internal health locus of control, depression, perceived health status, self efficacy, social support and undergoing chemotherapy all correlated significantly with the health-promoting lifestyle. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that social internal health locus of control, depression, perceived health status, self efficacy and social support and chemotherapy accounted for about 39.8% of the variance in health promoting lifestyle. The strongest influence was social support, followed by self efficacy, perceived health status, chemotherapy and depression. Conclusions: The results of the study clarifed the seriousness of social support, self efficacy, perceived health status and depression in determining the health-promoting lifestyle among Iranian breast cancer survivors. Health professionals should concentrate on these variables in designing plans to promoting a healthy lifestyle.


Afshar A.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Hand Surgery | Year: 2011

Avicenna contributed to development in many fields of medicine. The Canon of Medicine is the masterpiece of Avicenna's medical books in which he wrote on the anatomy of the upper extremity, fractures, dislocations, and nerve and tendon injuries. Reviewing these subjects pertinent to hand disorders reveals Avicenna's concepts about hand disorders a millennium ago. © 2011 American Society for Surgery of the Hand.

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