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Orumiyeh, Iran

Urmia University of Medical science, is a medical school in Urmia, West Azarbaijan province of Iran.Urmia University of Medical College Established on 1980 as part of Medical School of Urmia University. In 1985 under supervision of Iranian Ministry of Health the school detached from Urmia University and a new university established with the name of Urmia University of Medical Science.The university has six schools and administers all public hospitals in and around the city of Urmia.Urmia School of Pharmacy is reachable at web site address of http://pharmacy.umsu.ac.ir/ Wikipedia.

Mirzatolooei F.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica | Year: 2011

Objectives: To evaluate the outcome and satisfaction of closed treatment versus open reduction and internal fixation in comminuted clavicular fractures. Methods: Sixty patients with displaced clavicular fractures were randomized into operative (29 patients) and nonoperative (31 patients) groups. Three patients in the operative group did not accept the surgery, and seven patients in the nonoperative group did not complete the one-year follow-up. Outcomes were assessed using the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score, Constant shoulder score, specific questions regarding patients' final satisfaction, physical examination, measurement of the shortening of the clavicular length, and plain radiographs. Results: There was one nonunion in the operative group and one in the nonoperative group. The nonunion in operative group was the result of the only infection in this group. Four malunions were developed in the operative group and nineteen malunions in the nonoperative treatment, (p<0.001). Three patients in the operative group were completely dissatisfied with their treatment. Eighteen patients in the nonoperative group were partially satisfied. Pain was the main reason for dissatisfaction in this group. The mean shortening of the clavicle was 26.5 mm in the non-operative group and 4.0 mm in the operative group. The mean DASH score for the operative and nonoperative groups were 8.6 and 21.3, respectively (p<0.001); and the Constant shoulder scores were 89.8 and 78.8 (p<0.001). Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation of comminuted fractures of the clavicle using a reconstruction plate is an effective treatment modality. Despite the variety of complications, this method has a higher satisfaction rate than conservative treatment. © 2011 Turkish Association of Orthopaedics and Traumatology.

Afshar A.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery | Year: 2016

This case report presents a case of Fanconi's Anemia with an unusual thumb polydactyly in a 2-year-old boy. The extra thumb had no nail, nail bed and distal phalanx. The extra thumb had no active motion.The duplication of the thumb occurred at the carpometacarpal joint but its morphology did not match with any classification described for thumb polydactyly. Although his thumb polydactyly was apparent at birth, Fanconi's anemia was not suspected until during a routine pre-operative laboratory test (CBC) for the elective surgery of his thumb. An early diagnosis of FA is important and the hand surgeons may be the first to have the opportunity to suspect and diagnose the underlying life threatening disorder. This case report presented an opportunity to diagnosis a fatal disorder by a routine pre operative laboratory test. To the best of my knowledge, the phenotype of the thumb polydactyly of the current case has not yet reported. ©BY THE ARCHIVES OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY.

Tappeh K.H.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Türkiye parazitolojii dergisi / Türkiye Parazitoloji Derneǧi = Acta parasitologica Turcica / Turkish Society for Parasitology | Year: 2011

Most surgeons inject scoloidal materials into the cyst before or after its removal, since any contamination to normal sites will cause re-growth of the same cyst. The aim of this study was to determine the lethal effect of hypertonic saline at different doses and different times on protoscolexes of lung and liver. The livers and lungs of killed animals with hydatid cyst disease were gathered from Urmia Industrial Abattoirs. They were transferred to the university parasitological lab immediately. The hydatid cyst fluid was aspirated with a 10 mm syringe and poured into a 15 cc tubes. The movement of protoscoleces and staining with 0.1% eosin was the test to determine viability of protoscoleces. Those with color absorption were those which were not viable. Different concentrations of hypertonic saline were given at different time. The results showed that in 20% of hypertonic saline in the 4th minute, 80% of protoscoleces were alive while in the 5th minute 50% were alive, in the 7th minute 20% and 8th minute 5%, 9th minute all of them were dead. In the 10% concentration, at up to 9 minutes 50% were alive, in the 18th minute 20% and in 30 minutes 10% of protoscoleces were alive. In the 5% concentration at up to 10 minutes 90% were alive while in the 22nd minute 80% and in 30 minutes 70% of protoscoleces were alive. When we inject 20% hypertonic saline into the cyst cavity there is aprobability that the cyst contaminates the bile duct and liver through the small hole we made. This material may cause widespread necrosis of the liver. We should use 10% hypertonic saline minimally for 45 minute before surgery and after cyst removal, since the hypertonic saline itself may cause injury to the biliary system.

Tabrizi F.M.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations among the internal health locus of control, depression, perceived health status, self efficacy, social support, and health-promoting behavior in Iranian breast cancer survivors and to determine influential variables. Materials and Methods: A predictive design was adopted. By convenient sampling the data of 262 breast cancer survivors in Iran were collected by questionnaires during 2014. Data were analyzed applying descriptive statistics, t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The internal health locus of control, depression, perceived health status, self efficacy, social support and undergoing chemotherapy all correlated significantly with the health-promoting lifestyle. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that social internal health locus of control, depression, perceived health status, self efficacy and social support and chemotherapy accounted for about 39.8% of the variance in health promoting lifestyle. The strongest influence was social support, followed by self efficacy, perceived health status, chemotherapy and depression. Conclusions: The results of the study clarifed the seriousness of social support, self efficacy, perceived health status and depression in determining the health-promoting lifestyle among Iranian breast cancer survivors. Health professionals should concentrate on these variables in designing plans to promoting a healthy lifestyle.

Afshar A.,Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Hand Surgery | Year: 2010

Purpose The aim of surgical treatment in the early stages of Kienbck's disease is to decrease compressive loading of the lunate to promote revascularization. Capitate shortening osteotomy is one technique that has been advocated in Kienbck's disease with ulnar neutral or positive variance and Lichtman stage I to IIIA. The purpose of this study was to examine the revascularization process of the lunate after capitate shortening osteotomy. Methods This was a retrospective study of 9 patients with Kienbck's disease with Lichtman stage II or IIIA and ulnar neutral or positive variance. I confirmed avascular necrosis of the lunate in all the patients by magnetic resonance imaging preoperatively. Capitate shortening osteotomy was performed through a dorsal approach and fixed with K-wires. I used magnetic resonance images with fat suppression to detect the revascularization of the lunate after surgery. Results The mean follow-up was 12 months (range, 816 mo). All patients demonstrated partial revascularization of the lunate and the mean revascularization time was 4.7 months (range, 37 mo), which was interpreted as the beginning of the revascularization process. Conclusions Capitate shortening osteotomy is an efficient technique to induce the revascularization process in the early stages of Kienbck's disease. Type of study/level of evidence Therapeutic IV. © 2010 American Society for Surgery of the Hand.

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