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Nishiyama H.,Nagasaki University | Nishiyama H.,National Nagasaki Medical Center | Isomoto H.,Nagasaki University | Yamaguchi N.,Nagasaki University | And 8 more authors.
Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques | Year: 2010

Background: Colorectal laterally spreading tumours (LSTs) are classified into granular (LST-G) and non-granular (LST-NG) type; each type was sub-grouped into LST-G-H (homogenous) and LST-G-M (nodular mixed) type or LST-NG-F (flat elevated) and LST-NG-FD (pseudodepressed) type, respectively. We assessed the clinicopathological factors associated with clinical outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for colorectal LSTs, and conducted follow-up after ESD. Methods: ESD was performed in 196 patients with 204 LSTs that fulfilled the inclusion criteria for colorectal neoplasms. Clinical outcomes including resectability and curability of ESD and perforation were investigated, and factors related to the outcomes were analysed using logistic regression. One hundred thirty-eight patients received endoscopic follow-up for more than 12 months and metastatic surveys in 79 cases of cancerous LSTs. Results: The incidence of submucosal cancer was lower in LST-G type. There were no significant differences in outcomes regarding LST macroscopic types. Overall en bloc, complete and curative resection, and perforation rates were 86.8%, 77.5%, 82.8% and 9.8%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed higher risk of non-curative resection in LST-G-M than in LST-G-H type. No other factors were associated with outcomes. During median follow-up of 35.5 months, no locally recurrent or metastatic tumours were observed, and overall survival was still 100%. Conclusions: ESD provides acceptable resectability for colorectal LSTs by facilitating en bloc resection, irrespective of macroscopic types. The relatively long-term outcomes may be excellent, but further evaluation is needed for appropriate treatment strategy for each type of LST. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Ikeda T.,Sasebo General Hospital | Fukuda M.,Nagasaki University | Nakamura Y.,Nagasaki University | Kinoshita A.,Nagasaki Prefecture Shimabara Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology | Year: 2014

Background: Amrubicin is active in the treatment of extensive-disease small cell lung cancer (ED-SCLC), and carboplatin is an analogue of cisplatin with less non-hematological toxicity. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and toxicity of amrubicin and carboplatin combination chemotherapy for previously untreated patients with ED-SCLC. Patients and methods: Eligibility criteria were chemotherapy-naïve ED-SCLC patients, performance status 0-1, age ≤75, and adequate hematological, hepatic and renal function. Based on the phase I study, the patients received amrubicin 35 mg/m2 i.v. infusion on days 1, 2, and 3, and carboplatin AUC 5 i.v. infusion on day 1. Four cycles of chemotherapy were repeated every 3 weeks. Results: Thirty-five patients were enrolled, and 34 patients were eligible and assessable for response, toxicity, and survival. Patients' characteristics were as follows: male/female = 26/8; performance status 0/1 = 4/30; median age (range) = 64 (41-75); stage IV = 34. Evaluation of responses was 6 complete response, 21 partial response, and 7 stable disease (response rate 79.4 %, 95 % CI 63.6-88.5 %). Grade 3 and 4 leukopenia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia occurred in 59, 82, and 26 %, respectively. There were no treatment-related deaths or pneumonitis. Three patients experienced hypotension as an amrubicin infusion reaction. The median progression-free survival time was 6.5 months. The median overall survival time and 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates were 15.6 months, and 63, 28, and 7 %, respectively. Conclusions: Amrubicin and carboplatin were effective and tolerable as chemotherapy for previously untreated patients with ED-SCLC. Further investigation of amrubicin and carboplatin is warranted. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.

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