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Artigues-près-Bordeaux, France

Verges B.,CHU Le Bocage | Patois-Verges B.,Clinique Les Rosiers | Iliou M.-C.,Hopital Corentin Celton | Simoneau-Robin I.,CHU Le Bocage | And 5 more authors.
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders | Year: 2015

Background: Gain in VO2 peak after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), is associated with reduced mortality and morbidity. We have previously shown in CR, that gain in VO2 peak is reduced in Type 2 diabetic patients and that response to CR is impaired by hyperglycemia. Methods: We set up a prospective multicenter study (DARE) whose primary objective was to determine whether good glycemic control during CR may improve the gain in VO2 peak. Sixty four type 2 diabetic patients, referred to CR after a recent ACS, were randomized to insulin intensive therapy or a control group with continuation of the pre-CR antidiabetic treatment. The primary objective was to study the effect of glycemic control during CR on the improvement of peak VO2 by comparing first the 2 treatment groups (insulin intensive vs. control) and second, 2 pre-specified glycemic control groups according to the final fructosamine level (below and above the median). Results: At the end of the CR program, the gain in VO2 peak and the final fructosamine level (assessing glycemic level during CR) were not different between the 2 treatment groups. However, patients who had final fructosamine level below the median value, assessing good glycemic control during CR, showed significantly higher gain in VO2 peak (3.5 ± 2.4 vs. 1.7 ± 2.4 ml/kg/min,p = 0.014) and ventilatory threshold (2.7 ± 2.5 vs. 1.2 ± 1.9 ml/kg/min,p = 0.04) and a higher proportion of good CR-responders (relative gain in VO2 peak ≥ 16 %): 66 % vs. 36 %, p = 0.011. In multivariate analysis, gain in VO2 peak was associated with final fructosamine level (p = 0.010) but not with age, gender, duration of diabetes, type of ACS, insulin treatment or basal fructosamine. Conclusions: The DARE study shows that, in type 2 diabetes, good glycemic control during CR is an independent factor associated with gain in VO2 peak. This emphasizes the need for good glycemic control in CR for type 2 diabetic patients. Trial registration: Trial registered as NCT00354237. (19 July 2006). © 2015 Vergès et al.

Furtado I.P.,URCA | De Moraes G.J.,University of Sao Paulo | Kreiter S.,Montpellier SupAgro | Flechtmann C.H.W.,University of Sao Paulo | And 2 more authors.
Acarologia | Year: 2014

The fauna of phytoseiid mites in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, in midwestern Brazil, is poorly known. The tomato red spider mite, Tetranychus evansi Baker and Pritchard, is an important pest of Solanaceae in several countries, but it is usually found in low densities in Brazil. It has been hypothesized that this is due to the effect of natural enemies. The objective of this study was to identify phytoseiid mites from Mato Grosso do Sul associated with T. evansi, to identify promising biological control agents for T. evansi in Africa. A survey was conducted in October – November 2002, sampling more than 70 plant species of 30 families, including 16 solanaceous species. The results of this survey provide some additional information to the scant knowledge on the phytoseiids from Mato Grosso do Sul. In total, 471 phytoseiids were collected, belonging to 12 Amblyseiinae and two Phytoseiinae species. The most frequent and abundant species was Euseius citrifolius Denmark and Muma, followed by Euseius concordis (Chant). Also, 3,493 tetranychids were found. Tetranychus evansi was found in Aquidauna on Solanum americanum (Miller), associated with E. citrifolius and Ty-phlodromalus aripo De Leon; in Corumbá, on S. americanum associated with E. concordis and Neoseiulus idaeus Denmark and Muma; and in Dourados, on Solanum lycopersicum (L.), associated with E. citrifolius, Proprioseiopsis mexicanus (Garman) and Proprioseiopsis ovatus (Garman). However, none of the phytoseiids found are considered to be a promising biological control agent of T. evansi, based on both their inconsistent association with the pest and on available information about each species. © Furtado I.P. et al.

Bertrand I.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Ehrhardt F.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Alavoine G.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Joulian C.,Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres | And 2 more authors.
Soil Biology and Biochemistry | Year: 2014

The occurrence and diversity of biological soil crusts (BSC) a thin soil surface layer composed of phototrophic and heterotrophic microorganisms intimately associated with soil particles, are known as strong indicators of ecosystem health and sensitivity to soil surface disturbances and are key factors in the biochemical cycling of carbon and nitrogen in drylands. However, the impact of land use on C and N budgets related to BSC dynamics is poorly understood and hinders the prediction of changes in soil fertility in response to future land use scenarios. In this study, we examined the C and N exchange rates of BSC sampled along a north-south pluviometric gradient of the Sub-Sahel, which provides evidence of increasing human land pressure, leading to a gradient in fallow duration and trampling intensity. We demonstrate that the net and gross photosynthesis by BSC significantly increases with fallow duration and a reduction of trampling intensity, thus affecting BSC fine particles and relative water content. Conversely, no effect of land use was found on N fixation or mineralisation rates, which are instead regulated by the N availability within the crust. Simple statistical models were derived from the relationships between C exchange rates and BSC intrinsic characteristics related to soil surface disturbances. The proposed statistical models were tested for C gas exchange with independent data obtained from a new BSC dataset sampled in Burkina Faso and Niger. A simple equation using BSC fine particle content as a unique variable was found to explain between 60 and 70% of the gross photosynthesis. Our findings will help in mapping photosynthesis and estimating the contribution of BSC to the carbon budget at a regional scale in the dryland area of the Sahel and to further testing of land use change scenarios. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Gomes R.V.R.S.,Federal Rural University of Pernambuco | Vilela V.L.R.,Federal University of Campina Grande | Gomes E.N.,Federal University of Campina Grande | Maia A.J.,URCA | Athayde A.C.R.,Federal University of Campina Grande
Revista Caatinga | Year: 2011

The preliminary investigation of chemical constituents of a plant allows the prior knowledge of the extract and indicates the nature of the present substances. The aim of this paper was to detect the absence or presence of appreciable amounts of various chemical constituents in extracts of jurubeba [Solanum paniculatum Linnaeus (1762)], capim santo [Cymbopogon citratus Stapf (1906)], batata de purga [Operculina hamiltonii (G. DON) D.F. Austin & Staples (1983)] and melão de são caetano [Momordica charantia Linnaeus (1763)], which has been indicated as alternative treatment against gastrintestinal helmintiasis of small ruminants. The jurubeba was collected in the city of Teixeira - PB. The capim santo, the batata de purga and the melão de são caetano were collected at the Centro de Saúde e Tecnologia Rural/UFCG, Patos - PB, in august and september of 2008. After, was realized the identification of the indicated shares to the ethnopharmacology study, deposited in the Herbário Caririense Dárdano de Andrade - Lima of the Universidade Regional do Cariri-URCA. The acquisition of the extract and phytochemical study followed the methodology described by Matos (1997). To obtain the extract was used the dust of the shares collected from each plant and as solvent ethanol PA. Four tests (phenols and tannins; anthocyanins, anthocyanidins and flavonoids; leucoanthocyanidins, catechins and flavanones; and alkaloids.) were conducted for the exploration of hydroalcoholical constituents. In the chemical assay were concluded that the ethanol extracts of the four plants with compounds such as tannins and catechins, and absence of phenols, anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins.

Prado L.A.C.D.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Pereira P.A.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Sales A.M.F.,URCA | Barreto A.M.F.,Federal University of Pernambuco
Journal of South American Earth Sciences | Year: 2015

Benthic macroinvertebrate fossils can be seen towards to the top of the Romualdo Member of the Santana Formation, in the Araripe Basin, Northeast Brazil, and can provide paleoenvironmental and paleobiogeographical information regarding the Cretaceous marine transgression which reached the interior basins in Northeast Brazil. We analyse taphonomic characteristics of macroinvertebrate concentrations of two outcrops (Torrinha and Torre Grande) within the municipality Araripina, Pernambuco, in order to enhance our understanding of the Cretaceous paleoenvironment in the western portion of the Araripe Basin. At the outcrop Torrinha, proximal tempestitic taphofacies were identified. These predominantly consist of ceritid, cassiopid, and later, naticid gastropods as well as undetermined bivalves. Given this lack of variability it can be deduced that there were no significant paleoenvironmental changes during the successive stages tempestitic sedimentation. In the Torre Grande outcrop distal to proximal tempestitic taphofacies were identified from the base to the top respectively pointing to a decrease in paleodepth. Asides from the macroinvertebrates present in Torrinha, there are also echinoids - unequivocal evidence for marine conditions. These occurrences appear to be restricted to Romualdo Member outcrops in the Araripina municipality (the Southeast portion of the Araripe Basin) confirming a previously published hypothesis suggesting that the Cretaceous marine transgression originated from the neighbouring Parnaíba Basin to the west. This study identified marine molluscs of a similar age to those in the Romualdo Member's equivalent rock units in the Parnaíba and Sergipe-Alagoas (SE-AL) basins suggesting a marine connection between these basins and the Araripe Basin during the Early Cretaceous. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

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