The Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin is one of the leading educational institutions in the Ural region. Ural Federal University acts as a research and innovation center of the Ural region, has close cooperation with the Russian Academy of science. Training of students is carried out in three main directions and 67 academic majors. The links between the university and intermediate and elementary educational institutions are developed. The University performs consistent work on establishing strategic partnership with employers for the development of the regional economy: employers are involved in the educational environment as direct participants, large-scale target preparation of students and corporate education are carried out on the basis of the client-centered approach, joint business projects in economic and social activity are realized. Wikipedia.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2009-3.3.1. | Award Amount: 1.72M | Year: 2010
Tolerance has been increasingly invoked as the inspiring ideal of a number of social policies in European democracies. Appeals to tolerance have animated especially the political debates on those policies addressed to accommodate minorities requests. Among such requests those for the allocation of public spaces have recently acquired pride of place in the political agendas of many European and extra-European countries (e.g. the allocation of space for Roma sites; Muslims requests to build places of worship and housing policies for migrants). Despite such a generalized political and societal relevance of the notion of tolerance, some problems may occur when policies inspired by it are implemented. In particular, the implementation of tolerance-inspired spatial policies may result in the marginalisation of differences and thus risk undermining social cohesion. What conception of tolerance may be invoked to limit such a risk? To answer this question, we shall test the hypothesis that grounding tolerance on equal respect for persons may contribute to the development of spatial policies capable of resolving the tensions between tolerance and social cohesion in culturally diverse societies. In particular, the project pursues 4 objectives:1.to develop a conceptual taxonomy to clarify the liaisons between tolerance, respect and spatial issues;2.to study the ways in which appeals to tolerance have informed the development of spatial policies;3.to investigate the influence of cultural diversities on the interpretations of tolerance in different national contexts;4.to extrapolate from the above studies an overall view of the connections between tolerance and equal respect. Our findings will be of interests to national and international Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), policy makers at a European, national, regional and municipal level and international academics engaged in the study of urban integration in different social, religious, cultural, and political contexts.
Moskvin A.S.,Ural Federal University
JETP Letters | Year: 2012
Circulating current loops within the cuprate unit cell are proposed to play a key role in the physics of the pseudogap phase. However, main experimental observations motivated by this sophisticated proposal and seemingly supporting the circulating current model can be explained within a simple and physically clear microscopic model. It has been argued that, instead of a well-isolated Zhang-Rice (ZR) singlet 1A 1g, the ground state of the hole center [CuO 4] 5- (cluster analog of Cu 3+ ion) in cuprates should be described by a complex 1A 1g- 1,3B 2g- 1,3E u multiplet, formed by a competition of conventional hybrid Cu 3d-O 2p b 1g(σ)∝ d x2-y2 state and purely oxygen nonbonding O 2pπ states with a 2g(π) and e ux, y(π) symmetry. In contrast to inactive ZR singlet we arrive at several novel competing orbital and spin-orbital order parameters, e. g., Ising-like net orbital magnetic moment, orbital toroidal moment, intra-plaquette's staggered order of Ising-like oxygen orbital magnetic moments. As a most impressive validation of the non-ZR model we explain fascinating results of recent neutron scattering measurements that revealed novel type of magnetic ordering in pseudogap phase of several hole-doped cuprates. © 2012 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Dubinin N.,Ural Federal University
Journal of Physics: Conference Series | Year: 2012
In the framework of the Wills-Harrison (WH) model the correction due to the non-diagonal coupling between d electrons in different atoms is suggested. Effect of this correction on the WH effective pair interaction is studied for liquid Fe, Co, and Ni. It is found that our approach gives a shift of the WH pair potential to the right-hand side for all metals under consideration (in most degree for Fe and in less degree for Ni). As a rule, such tendency leads to significant changes in calculating thermodynamic properties.
Streltsov S.V.,Ural Federal University
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | Year: 2013
An unusual orbital state was recently proposed to explain the magnetic and transport properties of Ba3CoRu2O9. We show that this state contradicts the first Hund's rule and does not realize in the system under consideration because of a too small crystal-field splitting in the t2g shell. A strong suppression of the local magnetic moment in Ba3CoRu2O9 is attributed to a strong hybridization between the Ru 4d and O 2p states. © 2013 American Physical Society.
Zubarev A.Yu.,Ural Federal University
Soft Matter | Year: 2013
This paper deals with a theoretical study of the effect of chain-like heterogeneous structures on the type of deformation of ferrogel under an applied magnetic field. The analysis shows that depending on the energy of magnetic interaction between the particles, these chains can stimulate either elongation or contraction of the sample along the field. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013.
Zubarev A.Yu.,Ural Federal University
Soft Matter | Year: 2012
The paper deals with theoretical study of deformation of a ferrogel sample under the action of an applied magnetic field. The main goal of this work is to determine the type of deformation - either elongation or contraction in the field direction. To answer this question and to avoid artificial conclusions, we have estimated the free energy of the deformed sample by using standard methods of statistical physics. The analysis shows that the type of magnetically induced deformation significantly depends on initial shape of the sample, the applied magnetic field, as well as on the concentration and magnetic properties of the magnetic particles embedded in the gel. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Alexandrov D.V.,Ural Federal University
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical | Year: 2014
A time-dependent nucleation of spherical crystals accompanied by their growth in metastable binary melts at the intermediate stage of phase transitions is analyzed. Two integro-differential models of governing equations are solved analytically for size- and supercooling-dependent growth rates and different expressions for the nucleation frequency. Two important cases of the Weber-Volmer-Frenkel-Zel'dovich and Meirs nucleation kinetic mechanisms are considered. The first model of crystal growth without fluctuating rates is completely solved by means of the saddle-point method. The exact analytical solution of the second model, taking into account the presence of fluctuations in particle growth rates, is found in a parametric form. The present theory describing binary systems generalizes the theories describing single-component systems recently developed in the absence (Alexandrov and Malygin 2013 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 46 455101) and in the presence (Alexandrov and Malygin 2014 Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 22 015003) of fluctuations in crystal growth rates. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Moskvin A.S.,Ural Federal University
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | Year: 2011
A large body of experimental data points toward a charge-transfer (CT) instability of parent insulating cuprates to be their unique property. It is argued that the true CT gap in these compounds is as small as 0.4-0.5 eV rather than 1.5-2.0 eV as usually derived from the optical gap measurements. In fact we deal with a competition of the conventional (3d9) ground state and a CT state with the formation of electron-hole dimers which evolves under doping to an unconventional bosonic system. My conjecture does provide an unified standpoint on the main experimental findings for parent cuprates including linear and nonlinear optical, Raman, photoemission, photoabsorption, and transport properties related with the CT excitations. In addition I suggest a scenario for the evolution of the CuO2 planes in the CT unstable cuprates under nonisovalent doping. © 2011 American Physical Society.
Trubina E.,Ural Federal University
European Urban and Regional Studies | Year: 2015
Many accounts of mega-events emphasize their ability to facilitate the accumulation of capital and place them in the framework of urban entrepreneurialism. This paper examines the ways mega-events—with the help of capitalist boosterism rhetoric—become intertwined in regional and urban policies. Using the run-ups to the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and the Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa summits as case studies (Ekaterinburg in 2009 and Ufa in 2015), I investigate local citizens’ and stakeholders’ perceptions of federal and local governmental action surrounding mega-events in Russia. Drawing on the theoretical notion of clientelism, I argue that the hidden rationality in the preparation for mega-events consists of their use by local stakeholders (1) as a legitimizing tool for raising their political and economic capital and (2) as a convenient pretext to directly and indirectly elicit benefits and amplify existing practices of rent seeking. Planners evoke neoliberal rhetorics of growth and profit-oriented investments to justify the “conversations” that various ranks of elite have among themselves. The run-up to a summit is part of a strategy by regional and municipal leaders to win the President’s favour by engaging in prestigious international events. © The Author(s) 2013
Zubarev A.,Ural Federal University
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications | Year: 2013
The work deals with the theoretical study of ferrogel/ferroelastomer deformations under the action of a homogeneous magnetic field. The compositions with linearly magnetizable non-Brownian particles are considered. Under the field action the ferrogel/ferroelastomer samples can either elongate or contract in the field direction. The type of deformation is determined by the sample shape and microstructure of the particles' spatial disposition. Two kinds of systems are studied. The first one is the composition with the particles homogeneously distributed, like in an ideal gas, in the polymer matrix. The second kind is the system of linear chain-like aggregates of densely situated particles. The results show that the particles' spatial disposition in the matrix is crucially important for the type of macroscopical deformation of the magnetopolymer compositions. The systems with the gas-like distribution of particles, depending on the sample shape, can either elongate or contract, whereas the chains stimulate the sample elongation. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.