Passo Fundo, Brazil
Passo Fundo, Brazil
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Mendonca H.F.C.,West Parana State University | Calvete E.O.,University Of Passo Fundo | Nienow A.A.,Fruticultura da UPF FAMV | da Costa R.C.,PPGAgro da UPF FAMV | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura | Year: 2012

The phyllochron is defined as the time required for the appearance of successive leaves on a plant; this characterises plant growth, development and adaptation to the environment. To check the growth and adaptation in cultivars of strawberry grown intercropped with fig trees, it was estimated the phyllochron in these production systems and in the monocrop. The experiment was conducted in greenhouses at the University of Passo Fundo (2°15'41" S, 52°24'45" W and 709 m) from June 8th to September 4th, 2009; this comprised the period of transplant until the 2nd flowering. The cultivars Aromas, Camino Real, Albion, Camarosa and Ventana, which seedlings were originated from the Agrícola LLahuen Nursery in Chile, as well as Festival, Camino Real and Earlibrite, originated from the Viansa S.A. Nursery in Argentina, were grown in white polyethylene bags filled with commercial substrate (Tecnomax®) and evaluated. The treatments were arranged in a randomised block design and four replicates were performed. A linear regression was realized between the leaf number (LN) in the main crown and the accumulated thermal time (ATT). The phyllochron (degree-day leaf-1) was estimated as the inverse of the angular coefficient of the linear regression. The data were submitted to ANOVA, and when significance was observed, the means were compared using the Tukey test (p < 0.05). The mean and standard deviation of phyllochrons of strawberry cultivars intercropped with fig trees varied from 149.35°C day leaf-1± 31.29 in the Albion cultivar to 86.34°C day leaf-1± 34.74 in the Ventana cultivar. Significant differences were observed among cultivars produced in a soilless environment with higher values recorded for Albion (199.96°C day leaf-1± 29.7), which required more degree-days to produce a leaf, while cv. Ventana (85.76°C day leaf-1± 11.51) exhibited a lower phyllochron mean value. Based on these results, Albion requires more degree-days to issue a leaf as compared to cv. Ventana. It was conclude that strawberry cultivars can be grown intercropped with fig trees (cv. Roxo de Valinhos).

de Moraes C.F.,UPF FAMV | Suzin M.,UPF FAMV | Nienow A.A.,UPF FAMV | Grando M.F.,UPF FAMV | And 3 more authors.
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2010

Low multiplication rates and high contamination in the explants are some of the difficulties in artichoke micropropagation. In vitro seed germination may be an alternative to obtain healthy explants for use in future in vitro cultivation. This project developed at the laboratory of Universidade de Passo Fundo was established to evaluate cv. 'Nobre' artichoke seeds in vitro germination. In three experiments, active chloride concentrations on seed aseptic technique; tegument treatment (kept intact, with side cuts and elimination); lighting conditions (light or dark); and two cultivation media [MS medium, with salts concentration reduced by half (M1) and MS medium, full strenger (M2)] have been tested. In both cases, 30 g L-1 sucrose and 7 g L-1 agar were added, with pH adjusted to 5.6 with NaOH. Cultivation took place in a growth chamber. It is viable to obtain healthy artichoke plantlets in short time (seven days), to be used as a source of explants from in vitro seed germination without the tegument (77,5% of germination), using the M1 or M2 culture medium and growth chamber without light. In these conditions, the asepsis of seeds can be done with alcohol 70% during 30 minutes and the subsequent immersion in solution of 2% of active chlorine during 10 minutes, before the removal of the tegument.

da Costa R.C.,UPF FAMV | Calvete E.O.,UPF FAMV | Reginatto F.H.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Cecchetti D.,UPF FAMV | And 3 more authors.
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2011

The production of two strawberry cultivars achieved under different shading screens (covers) in protected environment was evaluated. The experiment was set up in galvanized steel closed greenhouse with semicircular ceiling covered with low-density polyethylene (LDPE) films 150 μm thickness, in the University of Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The treatments consisted of a double factorial with two cultivars (Camarosa and Oso Grande) and four covers (control without screen and metalic, blue and red thermo-reflective screens with 40% shading) which were distributed in randomized blocks lining with three repetitions with 20 plants per plot in an useful area of 3m2. The total and commercial number of fruits and the total and commercial fresh mass of deformed fruits per plant were determined. Also, the air temperature and the photossintetically active radiation (PAR) were monitored, being verified in two typical days (sunny and cloudy day). Considering the averages obtained under the absence and presence of screens and the total of the crops the production of the cvs. Oso Grande and Camarosa were similar. Under the blue screen these cultivars showed the lowest fresh mass.

Cardoso R.D.L.,Estudante de Pos Graduacao em Agronomia | Scheffer-Basso S.M.,UPF FAMV | Grando M.F.,UPF FAMV
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2010

The aim of this work was to propose a methodology for commercial classification of gerbera's capitulum based on the trans flowers overlap coefficient. Three to eight capitula of twenty-eight cultivars of gerbera cut flower and seven non-commercial accesses were used. The width measurement of the trans flowers group (internal ray flower) as well as the sum of the width of the trans and ray flowers (external ray flower) groups were taken from each capitulum. The average of each access and the overlap coefficient were calculated (CS = width of the trans flowers group/∑ of the width of the trans and ray flowers groups) and submitted to the multivariate analysis, to verify the grouping by the average Euclidian distance matrix. It is proposed that gerberas with CS= 0.01 to 0.15 be classified as simple, CS= 0.16 to 0.40 as semi-double and CS superior to 0.41 as double. The overlap coefficient (CS) can be used to systematize the classification of the gerbera capitula, reducing the divergences in the classification and the subjectivity in the decisions of producers, florists and breeders.

Augustin L.,UPF FAMV | Milach S.,Pionner Sementes Ltda | Bisognin D.A.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Suzin M.,UPF FAMV
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2012

At the main crop production region of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil, potato is cultivated in two different growing seasons: autumn and spring. The objectives of this research paper were: i) identify potato clones with high yield potential and industrial quality for Autumn and Spring growing seasons in the northern/northeastern region of the state; ii) estimate the effects of environment and of the genotype x environment interaction on the expression of agronomic and processing quality traits of potato clones in order to determine the appropriate strategy for breeding potato for the target region. One hundred and seventy clones of nine families were developed and compared to the cultivars Atlantic, Baronesa, Catucha, Ciclamen, Hertha, Lady Roseta, Macaca, Monalisa and Vivaldi and to the clone SMIJ 461-1, in the autumn and spring of 2006, in Passo Fundo, northern Rio Grande do Sul state. The evaluated traits included number of tubers per plant, tuber weight, plant yield, presence of deep eyes, dry matter content and chip color. Genotype x environment interaction (G x E) was significant for the expression of all traits but processing quality traits like chip color were most influenced by the growing season conditions. Genetic potential expression for yield traits was maximized in the spring season. Superior clones combining agronomic and quality traits were identified at the two growing seasons. High correlation between the two growing seasons was observed for the presence of deep eyes and dry matter, indicating they can be selected at either season.

Mar T.B.,UPF FAMV | Lau D.,Embrapa Trigo | Schons J.,UPF FAMV | Yamazaki-Lau E.,Embrapa Trigo | Nhani Jr. A.,Embrapa Trigo
Scientia Agricola | Year: 2013

Yellow dwarf disease, one of the most important diseases of cereal crops worldwide, is caused by virus species belonging to the Luteoviridae family. Forty-two virus isolates obtained from oat (Avena sativa L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), corn (Zea mays L.), and ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) collected between 2007 and 2008 from winter cereal crop regions in southern Brazil were screened by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with primers designed on ORF 3 (coat protein - CP) for the presence of Barley yellow dwarf virus and Cereal yellow dwarf virus (B/CYDV). PCR products of expected size (~357 bp) for subgroup II and (~831 bp) for subgroup I were obtained for three and 39 samples, respectively. These products were cloned and sequenced. The subgroup II 3' partial CP amino acid deduced sequences were identified as BYDV-RMV (92 - 93 % of identity with "Illinois" Z14123 isolate). The complete CP amino acid deduced sequences of subgroup I isolates were confirmed as BYDV-PAV (94 - 99 % of identity) and established a very homogeneous group (identity higher than 99 %). These results support the prevalence of BYDV-PAV in southern Brazil as previously diagnosed by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and suggest that this population is very homogeneous. To our knowledge, this is the first report of BYDV-RMV in Brazil and the first genetic diversity study on B/CYDV in South America.

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