UOC Neurogenetica e Malattie Neuromuscolari

Pisa, Italy

UOC Neurogenetica e Malattie Neuromuscolari

Pisa, Italy
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Ferreira M.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Ricardo Jorge | Ferreira M.,Abel Salazar Biomedical Sciences Institute | Torraco A.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | Rizza T.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | And 14 more authors.
Neurogenetics | Year: 2011

We present clinical, neuroimaging, and molecular data on the identification of a new homozygous c.1783A>G (p.Thr595Ala) mutation in NDUFS1 in two inbred siblings with isolated complex I deficiency associated to a progressive cavitating leukoencephalopathy, a clinical and neuroradiological entity originally related to unknown defects of the mitochondrial energy metabolism. In both sibs, the muscle biopsy showed severe reduction of complex I enzyme activity, which was not obvious in fibroblasts. We also observed complex I dysfunction in a Neurospora crassa model of the disease, obtained by insertional mutagenesis, and in patient fibroblasts grown in galactose. Altogether, these results indicate that the NDUFS1 mutation is responsible for the disease and complex I deficiency. Clinical presentation of complex I defect is heterogeneous and includes an ample array of clinical phenotypes. Expanding the number of allelic variants in NDUFS1, our findings also contribute to a better understanding on the function of complex I. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Torraco A.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | Verrigni D.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | Rizza T.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | Meschini M.C.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Neurogenetics | Year: 2012

Mammalian complex V (F1F0-ATP synthase or ATPase) uses the proton gradient to generate ATP during oxidative phosphorylation and requires several helper proteins, including TMEM70, to form the holoenzyme in a stepwise process in which nuclear DNA is combined with mitochondrial DNA-encoded subunits. We report the clinical and molecular findings in three patients presenting lactic acidosis, 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. All three showed an isolated defect of fully assembled ATP synthase in association with a "common" (c.317-2A > G) and a new (c.628A > C/p.T210P) variant in TMEM70. Interestingly, one of the patients also showed nitric oxide-responsive pulmonary arterial hypertension, a finding never before associated with TMEM70 deficiency. In addition to widening the clinical and mutational spectrum of defective ATP synthase, our study also suggests that mutant TMEM70 associates in high molecular weight complexes (470-550 kDa) when expressed in Hela cells and exerts a direct action in ATP synthase biogenesis and assembly, mediating the incorporation of F1 moieties. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

Bianchi M.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | Rizza T.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | Verrigni D.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | Martinelli D.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | And 11 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2011

Hepatic involvement in mitochondrial cytopathies rarely manifests in adulthood, but is a common feature in children. Multiple OXPHOS enzyme defects in children with liver involvement are often associated with dramatically reduced amounts of mtDNA. We investigated two novel large scale deletions in two infants with a multisystem disorder and prominent hepatopathy. Amount of mtDNA deletions and protein content were measured in different post-mortem tissues. The highest levels of deleted mtDNA were in liver, kidney, pancreas of both patients. Moreover, mtDNA deletions were detected in cultured skin fibroblasts in both patients and in blood of one during life. Biochemical analysis showed impairment of mainly complex I enzyme activity. Patients manifesting multisystem disorders in childhood may harbour rare mtDNA deletions in multiple tissues. For these patients, less invasive blood specimens or cultured fibroblasts can be used for molecular diagnosis. Our data further expand the array of deletions in the mitochondrial genomes in association with liver failure. Thus analysis of mtDNA should be considered in the diagnosis of childhood-onset hepatopathies. © 2011 Elsevier Inc..

Catteruccia M.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | Verrigni D.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | Martinelli D.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | Torraco A.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism | Year: 2014

Introduction: Mutations in the TMEM70 are the most common cause of nuclear ATP synthase deficiency resulting in a distinctive phenotype characterized by severe neonatal hypotonia, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCMP), facial dysmorphism, severe lactic acidosis, hyperammonemia and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria (3-MGA). Methods and results: We collected 9 patients with genetically confirmed TMEM70 defect from 8 different families. Six were homozygous for the c.317-2A>G mutation, 2 were compound heterozygous for mutations c.317-2A>G and c.628A>C and 1 was homozygous for the novel c.701A>C mutation. Generalized hypotonia, lactic acidosis, hyperammonemia and 3-MGA were present in all since birth. Five patients presented acute respiratory distress at birth requiring intubation and ventilatory support. HCMP was detected in 5 newborns and appeared a few months later in 3 additional children. Five patients showed a severe and persistent neonatal pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) requiring Nitric Oxide (NO) and/or sildenafil administration combined in 2 cases with high-frequency oscillatory (HFO) ventilation. In 3 of these patients, echocardiography detected signs of HCMP at birth. Conclusions: PPHN is a life-threatening poorly understood condition with bad prognosis if untreated. Pulmonary hypertension has rarely been reported in mitochondrial disorders and, so far, it has been described in association with TMEM70 deficiency only in one patient. This report further expands the clinical and genetic spectrum of the syndrome indicating PPHN as a frequent and life-threatening complication regardless of the type of mutation. Moreover, in these children PPHN appears even in the absence of an overt cardiomyopathy, thus representing an early sign and a clue for diagnosis. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

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