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Brescia, Italy

Siragusa S.,Cattedra ed U.O. di Ematologia con trapianto | Armani U.,University of Genoa | Carpenedo M.,University of Milan Bicocca | Fulfaro F.,UO di Oncologia Medica | And 5 more authors.
Thrombosis Research | Year: 2012

Background: Prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients remains controversial in most clinical settings. Purpose: The Italian Society for Haemostasis and Thrombosis (SISET) commissioned a project to develop clinical practice guidelines for the prevention of VTE in patients with malignancy. Methods: Key questions concerning the prevention of VTE in patients with malignancy were formulated by a multidisciplinary working group consisting of experts in clinical medicine and research. After a systematic review and discussion of the literature, recommendations were formulated and graded according to the supporting evidence. For those questions for which the literature search did not find any definitive answers (due to absence of evidence, low quality evidence and/or contradictory evidence), a formal consensus method was used instead to issue clinical recommendations. Results: The search for "VTE prevention" resulted in 1021 citations; 69 articles were selected and 24 were used for drafting clinical recommendations. Four areas were graded A to C: 1) Need of prevention (pharmacological and/or mechanical) in cancer patients undergoing major abdominal or pelvic surgery and in 2) those with an acute medical disease requiring hospitalization and who are bedridden. Avoid prevention in 3) cancer patients with a central venous catheter and 4) those on chemotherapy, radiotherapy or hormonal therapy, except patients with multiple myeloma treated with thalidomide/lenalidomide plus high-dose dexamethasone, and those with gastrointestinal or lung cancer. Six areas were considered to be clinically important, but lacked evidence from the literature and thus required a formal consensus (grade D): 1) need of prevention during chemo- radiotherapy or hormonal therapy in patients with previous VTE; 2) optimal duration of pharmacological prevention in patients who are hospitalized/bedridden for acute medical illness; 3) optimal duration of pharmacological prevention in patients undergoing major surgery other than abdominal and pelvic; 4) optimal duration of pharmacological prevention in myeloma patients receiving thalidomide plus dexamethasone; 5) presence of cerebral metastasis as a contraindication to pharmacological prevention; 6) prevention in cancer patients undergoing surgery by laparoscopic procedures lasting > 30 min. Conclusion: Results of the systematic literature review and an explicit approach to consensus techniques have led to recommendations for the most clinically important issues in the prevention of VTE in cancer patients. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

De Fiore L.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Costantini A.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Di Maio M.,Istituto Nazionale Tumori | Lorusso D.,Oncologia Medica | And 2 more authors.
Recenti Progressi in Medicina | Year: 2014

Films that feature characters with cancer have become a familiar sight for movie-goers. 148 movies treating tumors were selected, produced all over the world since the Thirties, in which cancer had "prompt", "relevant", or "plot" character. In order to clearly understand each film's peculiar message about cancer, we recollected data such as genealogy, year and country of production, main characters' age and gender, and kind of tumor. Movies deal with cancer through very relevant questions, as well as themes and contexts that have great influence on oncologist's mind and consciousness. Specially in recent years, films have tackled some of the most important issues around cancer, such as his epidemiology and environmental causes; the economic implications of therapies; the management of symptoms and side effects; the psychological dynamics; the care toward the ending of life. The most frequent treatment mentioned in the movies was chemotherapy followed by antalgic therapy. Very often the ill person on the screen doesn't get over the disease and his death is somehow useful to the plot's outcome. This pattern is so strongly standardized that it persists in spite of real progress of treatments. Movies use disease, and other tragedies, as a dramatic device, and since drama is what we expect of the medium, should we be concerned that there is a gap between fiction and reality? Movies represent an essential step of educational process, but their potential has been fully exploited only in recent times. By watching movies on cancer, oncologists could become more conscious of problems they are already facing in the therapeutic setting: cancer and sexuality, the relationship between the ill person and the medical staff, side effects of therapies. Some films simply make us reflect upon the meaning of life and death. This is useful for the sharing of cancer care, from personal or familiar problems to issues of collective relevance. Copyright - Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore.

Andreis F.,UO di Oncologia Medica | Rizzi A.,UO di Oncologia Medica | Mosconi P.,Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri | Braun C.,Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri | And 4 more authors.
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes | Year: 2010

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors are widely prescribed anticancer drugs. Patients treated commonly develop dermatologic adverse drugs reactions, but rarely they are involved in systematic evaluation of their quality of life. This monocentric cross sectional study is carried out to assess quality of life in colon cancer patients experienced skin side effects due to anti epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors therapy.Methods: Consecutive patients with skin side effects to therapy treated at Fondazione Poliambulanza were enrolled in this study. Quality of life was evaluated with the Italian validated version of Skindex-29 questionnaire, exploring three dimensions: symptoms, emotional, and physical functioning. Skindex-29 was administered one time between the eighth and the twelfth week of the treatment.Results: Forty-five consecutive patients, mainly with metastatic colon cancer (29 female, 16 male), with an average age of 59.31 years (ranging from 34-78) were included in the study and analyzed. Patients showed a great impact of skin side effects on symptoms (mean 43), followed by emotional (mean 30), and functioning (mean 26) scales. In general women, the 55-65 age class, and patients with partial remission reported the worst quality of life.Conclusions: Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors' skin side effects have an important impact on quality of life in advanced colon cancer patients; symptoms scale is the most effect respect to emotional and functioning scales. © 2010 Andreis et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Andreis F.,UO di Oncologia Medica | Rizzi A.,UO di Oncologia Medica | Rota L.,UO di Oncologia Medica | Meriggi F.,UO di Oncologia Medica | And 2 more authors.
Tumori | Year: 2011

Aims and background. The aim of the study was to evaluate the attitude at our institution in using chemotherapy at the end of life in oncology patients. We compared our habits with other clinical patterns in medical oncology, calculating the temporal interval between the last chemotherapy administration and death of the patient. Patients and methods. We selected and analyzed 102 patients who received chemotherapy for metastatic or advanced solid tumors (breast, colon, gastric, pancreatic and lung cancers) and who died either in or out of a hospital or hospice from June 2007 to the end of 2009. Results. We compared 51 patients enrolled in clinical trials with 51 patients not enrolled in clinical trials. Patients of both groups died with advanced cancer between June 2007 and 2009. The following solid tumor types were represented: 48% colorectal cancer, 22% breast cancer, 30% other solid tumors (pancreatic, lung and gastric cancer). The median age at death was 62 years (range, 39 to 84), the male/female ratio was 52:50, and 69% of the patients were married. Most patients, 54%, received 2-3 lines of chemotherapy, 25% received more than 3 lines, and the remaining 21% one line only of chemotherapy. Of the 102 patients identified, 16 (16%) received chemotherapy in the last month of life, and 6 (6%) of these in the last 2 weeks. We speculated that the presence of palliative care services in the territory of residence of patients could influence the time interval between the last chemotherapy and death. We found that 52 patients (51%) lived in areas where palliative care services were not available, 27 (52%) of them received chemotherapy in the last 3 months, 8 (15%) in the last month, and 5 (10%) within the last 2 weeks of life. In contrast, of the 49 patients living in the territory served by palliative care units or a hospice, none received chemotherapy during the last 2 weeks of life and 37% received it during the last 3 months of life (P = 0.003). Conclusions. Among selected patients who died for advanced cancer in our Operative Unit from 2007 to 2009, 50% received chemotherapy in the last 3 months of life. The availability of palliative care services in the territory of residence of patients can influence the interval between the last chemotherapy administration and death. Free full text available at www.tumorionline.it.

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