UO Infectious Diseases and Hepatology

Parma, Italy

UO Infectious Diseases and Hepatology

Parma, Italy
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Missale G.,UO Infectious Diseases and Hepatology | Villa E.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Ferrari C.,UO Infectious Diseases and Hepatology
Pharmacogenomics Journal | Year: 2016

Polymorphism of interleukin 28B gene represents a powerful outcome predictor for interferon-based regimens in hepatitis C virus infection. However, some studies report conflicting results. The predictive value of interleukin 28B genotype over the outcome interferon-α/ribavirin treatment was thoroughly evaluated and compared with virological predictors of response. Literature revision was performed on PubMed. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) were calculated by fixed- or random-effects models. Heterogeneity and publication bias were also assessed. Sixty-two eligible papers including 20 290 patients were retrieved. Both polymorphisms (rs12979860 and rs8099917) were strongly associated with response (OR=4.09 and 4.00, respectively), however, the association was weaker for subjects infected with viral genotypes 2 and 3 (OR=1.52 and 1.49, respectively). Compared with interleukin 28B genotype, the association with response was lower for baseline viremia (OR=2.15) and higher for rapid virological response (OR=13.86). These results provide a critical evaluation of interleukin 28B genotype as a pharmacogenetic predictor in hepatitis C patients. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.


PubMed | UO Infectious Diseases and Hepatology and University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The pharmacogenomics journal | Year: 2016

Polymorphism of interleukin 28B gene represents a powerful outcome predictor for interferon-based regimens in hepatitis C virus infection. However, some studies report conflicting results. The predictive value of interleukin 28B genotype over the outcome interferon-/ribavirin treatment was thoroughly evaluated and compared with virological predictors of response. Literature revision was performed on PubMed. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) were calculated by fixed- or random-effects models. Heterogeneity and publication bias were also assessed. Sixty-two eligible papers including 20290 patients were retrieved. Both polymorphisms (rs12979860 and rs8099917) were strongly associated with response (OR=4.09 and 4.00, respectively), however, the association was weaker for subjects infected with viral genotypes 2 and 3 (OR=1.52 and 1.49, respectively). Compared with interleukin 28B genotype, the association with response was lower for baseline viremia (OR=2.15) and higher for rapid virological response (OR=13.86). These results provide a critical evaluation of interleukin 28B genotype as a pharmacogenetic predictor in hepatitis C patients.


Cariani E.,Clinical Pathology Toxicology | Pilli M.,U.O. Infectious Diseases and Hepatology | Zerbini A.,Instituto Of Ricovero E Cura A Carattere Scientifico | Rota C.,Clinical Pathology Toxicology | And 6 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2013

Purpose: We evaluated the impact of the killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) of natural killer (NK) cells and of their HLA ligands over the clinical outcome of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma after curative treatment by either surgical resection or radiofrequency thermal ablation (RTA). Experimental Design: Sixty-one consecutive patients with HCV-related hepatocellular carcinoma underwent KIR genotyping and HLA typing. A phenotypic/functional characterization of NK cells was carried out in patients with different KIR/KIR-ligand genotype. Results: Activating KIR2DS5 was associated with significantly longer time to recurrence (TTR) and overall survival (OS; P < 0.03 each). Homozygous HLA-C1 (P < 0.02) and HLA-Bw4I80 (P < 0.05) were expressed by patients with significantly better OS, whereas HLA-C2 (P < 0.02) and HLA-Bw4T80 (P < 0.01) were associated with a worse OS. Multivariate analysis identified as parameters independently related to TTR the type of treatment (surgical resection vs. RTA; P < 0.03) and HLA-C1 (P < 0.03), whereas only KIR2DS5 was an independent predictor of longer OS (P < 0.05). Compound KIR2DL2-C1 and KIR3DS1-Bw4T80 genotypes were associated with better TTR (P < 0.03) and worse OS (P = 0.02), respectively. A prevalent cytotoxic (CD56dim) NK phenotype was detected in patients with both longer TTR and OS. Cytotoxic capacity measured by upregulation of CD107a was significantly higher in subjects with HLA-C1 alone or combined with KIR2DL2/KIR2DL3. Conclusions: These results support a central role of NK cells in the immune response against hepatocellular carcinoma, providing a strong rationale for therapeutic strategies enhancing NK response and for individualized posttreatment monitoring schemes. © 2013 American Association for Cancer Research.


Cariani E.,Clinical Pathology Toxicology | Missale G.,U.O. Infectious Diseases and Hepatology
OncoImmunology | Year: 2013

Natural killer (NK) cells play a major role in antitumor immune responses. Recent results from our laboratory demonstrate the impact of the immunogenetic background on the activity of NK cells and hence on the outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma, disclosing perspectives for the development of NK-cell based therapies. © 2013 Landes Bioscience.

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