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Milano, Italy

Quirici N.,University of Milan | Scavullo C.,University of Milan | De Girolamo L.,Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi | Lopa S.,University of Milan | And 3 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development | Year: 2010

Stem cells hold great promise in tissue engineering for repairing tissues damaged by disease or injury. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells able to proliferate and differentiate into multiple mesodermal tissues such as bone, cartilage, muscle, tendon, and fat. We have previously reported that the low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (L-NGFR or CD271) defines a subset of cells with high proliferative, clonogenic, and multipotential differentiation ability in adult bone marrow (BM). It has been recently shown that adipose tissue is an alternative source of adult multipotent stem cells and human adipose-derived stem cells, selected by plastic adherence (PA hASCs), have been extensively characterized for their functional potentials in vitro. In this study, immunoselected L-NGFR + and CD34 + subpopulations have been analyzed and compared with the PA hASCs. Phenotypic profile of freshly purified subpopulations showed an enrichment in the expression of some stem cell markers; indeed, a great percentage of L-NGFR + cells co-expressed CD34 and CD117 antigens, whereas the endothelial-committed progenitor markers KDR and P1H12 were mainly expressed on CD34 + cells. Differently from PA hASCs, the immunoseparated fractions showed high increments in cell proliferation, and the fibroblast colony-forming activity (CFU-F) was maintained throughout the time of culture. Furthermore, the immunoselected populations showed a greater differentiative potential toward adipocytes, osteoblasts, and chondrocytelike cells, compared to PA hASCs. Our data suggest that both CD34 + and L-NGFR + hASCs can be considered alternative candidates for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications. © Copyright 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Perrotta S.,The Second University of Naples | Stiehl D.P.,University of Zurich | Punzo F.,The Second University of Naples | Scianguetta S.,The Second University of Naples | And 10 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2013

Hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF-2α) plays a pivotal role in the balancing of oxygen requirements throughout the body. The protein is a transcription factor that modulates the expression of a wide array of genes and, in turn, controls several key processes including energy metabolism, erythropoiesis and angiogenesis. We describe here the identification of two cases of familial erythrocytosis associated with heterozygous HIF2A missense mutations, namely Ile533Val and Gly537Arg. Ile533Val is a novel mutation and represents the genetic HIF2A change nearest to Pro-531, the primary hydroxyl acceptor residue, so far identified. The Gly537Arg missense mutation has already been described in familial erythrocytosis. However, our patient is the only described case of a de novo HIF2A mutation associated with the development of congenital polycythemia. Functional in vivo studies, based on exogenous expression of hybrid HIF-2α transcription factors, indicated that these genetic alterations lead to the stabilization of HIF-2α protein. All the identified polycythemic subjects with HIF2A mutations show serum erythropoietin in the normal range, independently of the hematocrit values and phlebotomy frequency. The erythroid precursors obtained from the peripheral blood of patients showed an altered phenotype, including an increased rate of growth and a modified expression of some HIF-2α target genes. These results suggest the novel proposal that polycythemia observed in subjects with HIF2A mutations might also be due to primary changes in hematopoietic cells and not only secondary to increased erythropoietin levels. © 2013 Ferrata Storti Foundation. Source

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