Londrina, Brazil
Londrina, Brazil
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De Almeida Rego F.C.,University of Northern Paraná | Francozo M.C.,University of Northern Paraná | Ludovico A.,UNOPAR | De Castro F.A.B.,State University Londrina | And 6 more authors.
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2017

This study aimed to evaluate the Texel lambs' meat quality fed with increasing levels of crude glycerin (0, 7, 14, and 21% of dry matter) in the diet. Thirthy-two-two non-castrated male Texel lambs were used, with initial weight of 15.9 ± 4.1 kg, using a completely randomized design with four treatments and eight repetitions, per treatment. Upon reaching the average weight of 35 kg, the animals were slaughtered. The meat chemical composition was similar among treatments (P>0.05) and total lipids and crude protein presented averages of 3.47 and 20.05 g 100g-1, respectively. No changes in pH, marbling, color, and water loss under pressure were observed. The shear force did not change among treatments and the texture can be considered soft, with average values of 5.48 kgf. There was a linear (P<0.05) decrease in odor values by the addition of glycerin and no signifcant differences (P>0.05) were observed for the attributes?avor, tenderness, juiciness, and overall acceptance among treatments. Fatty acids in higher proportions in the meat lamb were to C18:1n-9 (1298.90 mg 100g-1), C16:0 (709.07 mg 100g-1) and C18:0 (433.30 mg 100g-1), with percentages of 42.72, 23.07 and 14.35%, respectively. Signifcant difference according to the glycerin level in the diet was observed only for the margaric acid (C17:0) with an increasing linear effect, reaching 58.95 mg 100g-1 muscle to the group with 21% crude glycerin, corresponding to 1.77% of total fatty acids. The other fatty acids did not change, and provided a satisfactory result for conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), totaling about 6.1 mg 100 g-1 muscle, corresponding to 0.21% of total lipids. The use of glycerin in the diet for fnishing lambs does not alter the characteristics of the meat, maintaining the product quality for consumption.

Bulegon L.G.,University of Pernambuco | Guimaraes V.F.,University of Pernambuco | Klein J.,UNOPAR | Battistus A.G.,University of Pernambuco | And 3 more authors.
Australian Journal of Crop Science | Year: 2017

Soybean occupies a prominent place in the national scenario, and the search for new technologies is continuous. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the co-inoculation, through seeds, from diazotrophs bacteria of genus Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Azospirillum brasilense, and its effects against the nodulation, enzyme activity, gas exchange, and soybean production. The experiment was conduced in completely randomized design, with seven treatments and four replications. Seven treatments were constituted in the control (no nitrogen fertilization and seed inoculation); application of N mineral; seed inoculation with B. japonicum and A. brasilense AbV5+AbV6 and AbV5+AbV6+AbV7 strains and their co-inoculations. The evaluations were performed in V4 and R4 stages, with particular biometric characteristics of shoots and roots, the gas exchange indices of the leaves and the activity of peroxidase and phenylalanine ammonia lyase enzymes. Also in the R9 stage were determined components of production and production per plant culture. The results indicate that, when combining two species of bacteria through seeds have limitation in nodulation. The A. brasilense, strains AbV5+AbV6+AbV7, inoculated through seed promotes increase in nodulation from the natural soil population; it still raises the activity of plant defense enzymes in V4 stage, however, reduces the photosynthetic rate per foliar unit. Nitrogen fertilization, seed inoculation with B. japonicum, A. brasilense (AbV5+AbV6+AbV7) and A. brasilense (AbV5+AbV6+AbV7) + B. japonicum, provide the highest yields per plant. It has been observed even though the dry mass of root and aerial part have a direct influence on plant production, and a negative relation between stomatal conductance and the number of nodules in the growing season, and that photosynthesis does not influence the plant's production, just its production factors.

Guerino M.R.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Briel A.F.,UNOPAR | Araujo M.G.R.,Federal University of Pernambuco
Journal of Physical Therapy Science | Year: 2015

[Purpose] Hippotherapy is a therapeutic resource that uses the horse as a kinesiotherapy instrument to elicit motor and cognitive improvements in individuals with special needs. [Subjects and Methods] This research evaluated two women aged 18 and 21 years, who had suffered sexual violence when they were children between the ages of 6 and 7 years old. The subjects did not have mental dysfunction but they were regular students registered at a school of special education. The patients presented severe motor limitation, difficulty with coordination, significant muscular retractions, thoracic and cervical kyphosis, cervical protrusion wich was basically a function of the postures they had adopted when victims of the sexual violence suffered in childhood. The patients performed twenty sessions of 30 minutes of hippotherapy on a horse. The activities were structured to stimulate coordination, proprioception, the vestibular and motor-sensorial systems for the improvement of posture, muscle activity and cognition. [Results] The activities provided during the hippotherapy sessions elicited alterations in postural adjustment resulting in 30% improvement, 80% improvement in coordination in, 50% improvement in corporal balance and in sociability and self-esteem. [Conclusion] Hippotherapy proved to be an effective treatment method for coordination, balance and postural correction, and also improved the patients’ self-esteem that had suffered serious emotional stress. © 2015 The Society of Physical Therapy Science.

De Lima L.D.,Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos | De Almeida Rego F.C.,University of Northern Paraná | Koetz Jr. C.,UNOPAR | De Azambuja Ribeiro E.L.,State University Londrina | And 5 more authors.
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2013

This study aimed to investigate the effect of diets with different proportions of concentrate in finishing lambs Texel on carcass characteristics and meat sheep. Twelve Texel lambs with an initial weight of 20.1 ± 2.34 kg were used. The treatments consisted of three levels of concentrate in the total ration (60,80 and 100%) and four replicates per treatment.As the values of loin eye area, finish and weight of rib and ham were higher (P <0.05) for animals receiving 80 and 100% concentrate diet compared to animals consuming 60%. Lambs receiving 100% of the diet with high grain had higher incomes, loin eye area and carcass finish, these characteristics relevant to the issue by providing animals most productive portion of edible meat and satisfactory quality to the consumer market. The levels of concentrate in the diet did not alter the qualitative parameters and sensory from lamb feedlot these characteristics that may ensure greater acceptance of the final product, so it is recommended the use of diets containing high concentrate to sheep.

Trapp S.M.,State University Londrina | Castilho De Faria Maeda M.S.,University of Northern Paraná | Kemper B.,UNOPAR | Junior F.A.B.,UNOPAR | And 3 more authors.
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2015

This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapitã, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs (n=2,460) than cats (n=571) were within the households and there were significantly more male (55.8%; 679/1,217) dogs relative to females (44.2%; 538/1217). Most cats (69.2%; 180/260) did not received any antiparasitic medication, were not immunized against rabies (91.2%; 237/260) or any specific infectious disease (91.5%; 238/260). Less than half (40.8%; 106/260) of these was below oneyear- of age, but a significant number of cats was without any definite breed (81.2%; 211/260), and not spayed (93.5%; 243/260). Most dogs were of the mixed breed (69.5%; 846/1217), between one and four-years old (42.6%; 519/1217), and not spayed (96.3%; 1172/1,217). An elevated population of dogs received anthelminthic drugs (71%; 865/1,217), but most of these were not immunized against rabies (63.8% 777/1,217) or other infectious disease (58.6%; 713/1,217). Most (68.7%; 770/1,120) households were owners of a pet dog and/or cat; 54.4% (610/1,120) of these owned only dogs, 4.9% (55/1,120) were the owners of cats only, while 9.4% (105/1,120) owned pet dogs and cats. The results obtained are similar to those described in populated cities of Brazil and other countries. However, the free street access of pets associated with the reduced level of immunization against canine and feline infectious diseases coupled with the responsibility of ownership demonstrated by most residents make these animals highly susceptible to zoonotic and infectious diseases. Additionally, the free street access of unsprayed pets increases the risk of contact with other animals and the transmission of disease.

Simao A.N.C.,State University Londrina | Lozovoy M.A.B.,University of Northern Paraná | Simao T.N.C.,Unopar | Dichi J.B.,State University Londrina | And 2 more authors.
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia | Year: 2010

Objective: To verify the effects of fish oil and soy on nitric oxide (NO) and blood pressure in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). Subjects and methods: Sixty women with MS were investigated in a parallel randomized design study. The first group maintained their usual diet; the second group received 25 g/day of soy; the third group received 3 g/day of n-3 fatty acids, and the fourth group the same amount previously cited of n-3 fatty acids and soy. Results: Serum nitric oxide metabolites showed significant increase after 90 days in the fish oil and soy groups. Systolic pressure reduced after 45 days of treatment with fish oil, whereas diastolic pressure decreased significantly throughout the study in the soy group. Conclusions: NO increase and blood pressure reduction with fish oil or soy protein reinforce the importance of the influence of NO on blood pressure in patients with MS.

Soethe E.M.,Medico Veterinario autonomo | Affonso M.Z.,University of Northern Paraná | Neto A.F.C.,Medico Veterinario Especialista | Filho L.C.N.,Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development | And 7 more authors.
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2015

The aim of this research was to identify the occurrence of pathogens causing subclinical mastitis in grade B milk farms of the Jaguapitã county, state of Paraná, Brazil. California Mastitis Test (CMT) were carried out in 400 milk samples from 100 animals and 157 teats from 55 animals (55%) were positive, showed score two or higher to CMT. When these 157 positive samples to CMT were transported for bacterial culture in blood agar, 25.48% (40/157) samples showed no bacterial growth or more than two types of bacterial colonies grew, 28.03% (44/157) were Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), 8.28% (13/157) were Streptococcus uberis, 7.64% (12/157) were Staphylococcus aureus, 7.64% (12/157) were Corynebacterium spp, 7.01% (11/157) were Staphylococcus intermedius, 4.46% (7/157) were Staphylococcus hyicus, 3.82% (6/157) were Bacillus spp., 2.55% (4/157) were Streptococcus dysgalacteae, Enterobacteria and Yeasts. We conclude that CNS is the most relevant subclinical mastitis causative agent.

De Moraes Marchiori L.L.,UNOPAR | Melo J.J.,UNOPAR | Meneses C.L.,UNOPAR
Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics | Year: 2011

The multiplicity of metabolic and circulatory alterations related to noise may cause the onset of several symptoms, including hearing loss. The purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence of hearing loss in elderly with and without history of occupational noise exposure. A cross-sectional study was realized in a population sample with 399 individuals aged over 60 years in Londrina -Brazil, through anamnesis and audiological evaluation. The variables studied were frequency of hearing loss and history of occupational noise. Non-conditional logistic regression was used in order to control likely confusion or modification of effect to the other variables on interest associations. Hearing loss was reported in 84.31% of cases, elderly with history of occupational noise exposure and in 63.80% of controls, elderly without history of occupational noise exposure. A high frequency of hearing loss was detected in the population under investigation, with significantly statistic difference between the presence of hearing loss and history of occupational noise. There were no differences in the laterality of the first affected ear. In the population with hearing loss, the study suggests that the history of occupational noise exposure is accelerating degeneration factor of the hearing apparatus. The result in this research, through evidence of association between history of occupational noise and hearing loss, can allow for an integrated work of health professionals concerned with alterations caused by occupational noise.

The objective of this study was to determine the gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels and its relationship with diarrhea and passive transfer of immunity in Holstein calves within 24 hours and 30 days of life from Leopolis municipality, the north Parana region. Colostrum is rich in immunoglobulins and vital for immunity to newborn calves, since bovine placenta does not allow the passage of immunoglobulin to the fetus. Calves undergo various challenges that can lead to disease and death in the first month of life, including diarrhea. Diarrhea has a multifactorial etiology, and the passive immunity transferred through ingestion of colostrum is able to protect the calf against many of these etiologic agents. GGT measurements indirectly infer the amount of immunoglobulin ingested by the calf. Higher serum GGT levels (381.72 IU / L) were found at 24 hours, and a significant reduction was observed at 30 days (66.22 IU / L). When the presence or absence of diarrhea was associated with GGT levels above and below 200 IU / L, no statistical significance (P> 0.05) was observed, since 80% of animals with diarrhea had serum GGT levels higher than 200 IU / L. Under the conditions of this study, there was no relationship between the GGT concentration and the occurrence of diarrhea, and no mortality was observed despite some animals presented diarrhea. © 2016, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia. All rights reserved.

PubMed | UNOPAR.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of applied oral science : revista FOB | Year: 2010

The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of two different glass-ionomer cements: a high-density (Ketac Molar - ESPE) and a resin-modified cement (Fuji VIII - GC) using the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment technique to restore multisurface cavities in permanent teeth. A total of 60 ART restorations (30 with each material) were placed in schoolchildren (9-16 years of age) by two operators. After a period of 6 months, two independent examiners evaluated 59 restorations according to the criteria used in previous ART studies. Data were submitted to McNemar and Fischer tests. The success rate of the treatment was 98.3%. One restoration (Ketac Molar) was replaced by another material and was recorded as failure. The success rates of the restorations were 100% and 96.6% for Fuji VIII and Ketac Molar, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in the restorations success between baseline and 6 months (p>0.05). In the same way, no significant differences were found between materials, cavity types or operators (p>0.05). The ART approach was highly appropriate and effective in restorations involving two or more tooth surfaces, after 6 months. The results showed a promising performance of the ART technique with both materials.

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