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Markic M.,UP | Kolenc I.,Alcan Tomos | Miklavcic Sumanski M.,Alcan Tomos | Zivkovic S.,Univerzitet u Nisu
Sigurnost | Year: 2011

The intention of the paper was to determine how certain selected factors influence preventive attitude of managers towards health and safety in the workplace. The paper is based on a survey which included 351 CEOs in larger Slovenian companies. The evaluation of data was made using the SPSS program. We found the strongest correlation between variables of preventive attitude towards health and safety between education and investments, and education and safety at work. Analysis showed that the correlation between leadership and preventive safety of this sample is positive and influences the health and safety results (the correlation is relatively high, β coefficient 0,473). Study findings are current and may be useful to those involved in changing the legislation related to health and safety in the workplace. We recommend that preventive safety and incentives be built into the legislation, as it is evident that the CEOs are inclined to honour legal obligations. Source

Vojak N.,Veleuciliste u Karlovcu | Nikolic V.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Pavlic M.,Drustvo varnostnih inzenirjev Ljubljana | Taradi J.,Medimurske vode d.o.o. Cakovec
Sigurnost | Year: 2013

The purpose of the study was to determine current and exact figures on the value and correlation of additional incentives for occupational safety professionals in business organizations in croatia. The scientific method used in the study was in the form of an online survey. The most desired incentive for successful work that a worker expects in an organization is financial (68.10%) in nature, but the most frequent one, in organizations in croatia, is the relevant education financed by the employer (26.99%). Additional incentives for occupational safety professionals in organizations are mostly (63.19%) equal to those for other professionals in the organization. There are significant positive correlations between the dependent variable, "evaluation of satisfaction with additional incentives for occupational safety professionals," and two independent variables, "total work experience" and "work experience with the current employer". Source

Nikolic G.,Klinicki centar Nis | Tasic I.,Institute za lecenje i rehabilitaciju | Manojlovic S.,Klinika za psihijatriju Gornja Toponica | Samardzic L.,Klinicki centar Nis | And 2 more authors.
Vojnosanitetski Pregled | Year: 2010

Background/Aim. Chest pain often indicates coronary disease, but in 25% of patients there is no evidence of ischemic heart disease using standard diagnostic tests. Beside that, cardiologic examinations are repeated several times for months. If other medical causes could not be found, there is a possibility that chest pain is a symptom of psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of psychiatric syndromes, increased somatization, anxiety, stress life events exposure and characteristic of chest pain expression in persons with atypical chest pain and coronary patients, as well as to define predictive parameters for atypical chest pain. Method. We compared 30 patients with atypical chest pain (E group) to 30 coronary patients (K group), after cardiological and psychiatric evaluation. We have applied: Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interiview (MINI), The Symptom Checklist 90-R (SCL-90 R), Beck Anxiety Invetory (BAI), Holms-Rahe Scale of stress life events (H-R), Questionnaire for pain expression Pain-O-Meter (POM). Significant differences between groups and predictive value of the parameters for atypical chest pain were determined. Results. The E group participants compared to the group K were younger (33.4 ± 5.4: 48.3 ± 6,4 years, p < 0.001), had a moderate anxiety level (20.4 ± 11.9: 9.6 ± 3.8, p < 0.001), panic and somatiform disorders were present in the half of the E group, as well as eleveted somatization score (SOM ≥ 63 -50%: 10%, p < 0.01) and a higher H-R score level (102.0 ± 52.2: 46.5 ± 55.0, p < 0.001). Pain was mild, accompanied with panic. The half of the E group subjects had somatoform and panic disorders. Conclusion. Somatoform and panic disorders are associated with atypical chest pain. Pain expression is mild, accompained with panic. Predictive factors for atypical chest pain are: age under 40, anxiety level > 20, somatization ≥ 63, presence of panic and somatoform disorders, H-R score > 102, and a lack of positive diagnostic test of coronary disease. Defining of these parameters could be useful for early psychiatric evaluation of persons with atypical chest pain. Source

Arandjelovic M.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Ilic I.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Jovic S.,Institute za javno zdravlje
Vojnosanitetski Pregled | Year: 2010

Background/Aim. Burnout syndrome as a consequence of a long stress at workplace can seriously disturb health and quality of life in exposed workers. It is necessary to have adequate burnout prevention and its detection. Worldwide much attention is paid to protect burnout and methods for its determination constantly improve. In Serbia there has not been a study of that kind yet. The aim of the study was to investigate burnout syndrome impact on the quality of life of workers in food industry in Niš, and to call attention of researchers in Serbia on this phenomenon, as well as to test probability of applying the original, standardized questionnaires (CBI, ComQolA5) to working population in Serbia. Methods. This study was performed in Niš within a period from 2008 to 2009 in the Institute for Workers Health Protection. A total of 489 workers were included in this study by the use of the standard questionnaire for burnout (CBI) and quality of life (Com- QoL-A5). Scale confidence for measuring burnout and quality of life was determined by Cronbach α coefficient. ANOVA analysis was used for rating influence of burnout on the quality of life. Results. The values of Cronbach α coefficient showed a high confidence of the scale for measurement personal burnout (0.87), work-related burnout (0.86) and subjective quality of life (0.83). We detected increased scores as a result of personal burnout (60.0), as well as of work-related burnout (67.9). The workers suggested relationship with the family and friends as a very important part for their quality of life (10.8), health (9.8) and safety (8.0). Productivity (6.8), emotional well-being (6.6) and material property (4.5) had smaller influence on their quality of life. An increase in score of work-related burnout by 1 was statistically significantly related to decreasing inter scores for subjective quality of life in health (B = -0.097), relationship with family and friends (B = - 0.048), safety (B = -0.061) and place in community (B = - 0.105). A statistically significant relation between workrelated burnout and subjective quality of life in productivity, material and emotional well-being was not determined. Conclusion. There is a high score of both personal and work related burnout among manufacturing workers in food industry. A negative correlation between burnout and subjective quality of life was also proved impacting health and well-being of workers, but also their productivity. The questionnaires we used (CBI, ComQolA5) could be considered as reliable and valid instruments for testing burnout and quality of life in Serbia. Source

The paper presents a comparative study, conducted in Croatia and Serbia, of the opinions expressed by the participants regarding safety management organisation. The study relied on the information gathered in the form of a written questionnaire containing 9 basic sets of questions. The questions covered general information on the participant and the company, and the views of the participants on safety management in the company where they were employed. The paper first focuses on the general theoretical background of safety management organisation. Following this introductory section are the results of the studies conducted in Serbia and Croatia. The goal of the comparative study was to pinpoint similarities and differences in safety management organisation in the two countries. Conclusions were drawn based on the comparisons of participants' views regarding the aspects of safety management organisation, implementation of particular organisational structures, types of organisational structure, and implementation of individual steps in the organisation process. Also assessed by the participants were the individual areas of the safety management system, impact of safety management organisation on safety implementation, and the persons responsible for the organisation of safety management. Source

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