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Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: Shift2Rail-RIA | Phase: S2R-OC-IP5-01-2015 | Award Amount: 999.60K | Year: 2016

SMART main goal is to increase the quality of rail freight, as well as its effectiveness and capacity, through the contribution to automation of railway cargo haul at European railways. In order to achieve the main goal, SMART will deliver the following measurable objectives: complete, safe and reliable prototype solution for obstacle detection and initiation of long distance forward-looking braking, short distance wagon recognition for shunting onto buffers which can be integrated into planned Autonomous Train Operation (ATO) module, development of a real-time marshalling yard management system integrated into IT platform available at the market. The SMART prototype solution for obstacle detection will provide prototype hardware and software algorithms for obstacle detection, as well as standardised interfaces for integration into ATO module. The system will combine two night vision technologies - thermal camera and image intensifier with multi-stereo vision system and laser scanner in order to create fusion system for short (up to 20 m) and long range ( up to 1000 m) obstacle detection during day and night operation, as well as operation during impaired visibility. By this planned fusion of sensors, the system will be capable, beside reliable detection of obstacle up to 1000 m, to provide short range (< 200 m) wagon recognition for shunting operations with a \/- 5 cm distance estimation tolerance. The real-time marshalling yard management system will provide optimization of available resources and planning of marshalling operations in order to decrease overall transport time and costs associated with cargo handling. The yard management system will provide real time data about resources available over open and TAF/TSI standard data formats for connection to external network systems and shared usage of marshalling yards between different service providers.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: PEOPLE | Award Amount: 218.35K | Year: 2008

This project aims at streamlining and institutionalization of existing efforts in development of infrastructure for encouraging and facilitating the mobility of researchers in Serbia Serbian mobility network. The proposal results from the experience that the proposal coordinator gained by taking part in the FP6 SSA project WEB-MOB Development of researchers mobility policy guidelines for the region of Western Balkans, in the period of 2005-2007. Main project objectives are: a) to establish structured network of service and information providers, enabling practical assistance to researchers in all issues related to their experience of mobility; b) to develop organizational framework, comprised of organizational structure, communication strategies, data requirements and procedures for providing of best performance in information and services delivery; and c) to promote ERA-MORE values through the awareness campaign, including promotional events, dissemination of printed material with valuable information and delivery of information and services through the national researchers mobility portal, linked to pan-European Mobility Portal. The fulfillment of the above objectives, in accordance with European standards and values, will be ensured by a four-level organizational structure of the network, consisting of the steering, coordination, operational and beneficiary (contact points) layer. As such, Serbian mobility network will provide a backbone for involvement and concentration of all relevant actors policy stakeholders, industry, public and private university representatives and researchers community. The network is guided by the steering committee, providing high-level support, coordinated by the bridgehead organization and operated by four regional mobility centers, with geographical coverage of universities and one specific mobility center for private universities and faculties as well as other research organizations.


Arandjelovic M.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Ilic I.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Jovic S.,Institute za javno zdravlje
Vojnosanitetski Pregled | Year: 2010

Background/Aim. Burnout syndrome as a consequence of a long stress at workplace can seriously disturb health and quality of life in exposed workers. It is necessary to have adequate burnout prevention and its detection. Worldwide much attention is paid to protect burnout and methods for its determination constantly improve. In Serbia there has not been a study of that kind yet. The aim of the study was to investigate burnout syndrome impact on the quality of life of workers in food industry in Niš, and to call attention of researchers in Serbia on this phenomenon, as well as to test probability of applying the original, standardized questionnaires (CBI, ComQolA5) to working population in Serbia. Methods. This study was performed in Niš within a period from 2008 to 2009 in the Institute for Workers Health Protection. A total of 489 workers were included in this study by the use of the standard questionnaire for burnout (CBI) and quality of life (Com- QoL-A5). Scale confidence for measuring burnout and quality of life was determined by Cronbach α coefficient. ANOVA analysis was used for rating influence of burnout on the quality of life. Results. The values of Cronbach α coefficient showed a high confidence of the scale for measurement personal burnout (0.87), work-related burnout (0.86) and subjective quality of life (0.83). We detected increased scores as a result of personal burnout (60.0), as well as of work-related burnout (67.9). The workers suggested relationship with the family and friends as a very important part for their quality of life (10.8), health (9.8) and safety (8.0). Productivity (6.8), emotional well-being (6.6) and material property (4.5) had smaller influence on their quality of life. An increase in score of work-related burnout by 1 was statistically significantly related to decreasing inter scores for subjective quality of life in health (B = -0.097), relationship with family and friends (B = - 0.048), safety (B = -0.061) and place in community (B = - 0.105). A statistically significant relation between workrelated burnout and subjective quality of life in productivity, material and emotional well-being was not determined. Conclusion. There is a high score of both personal and work related burnout among manufacturing workers in food industry. A negative correlation between burnout and subjective quality of life was also proved impacting health and well-being of workers, but also their productivity. The questionnaires we used (CBI, ComQolA5) could be considered as reliable and valid instruments for testing burnout and quality of life in Serbia.


EEN Serbia project is successor to EIIRCS and in its course, Consortium partners would continue to provide the highest quality business support services to Serbian SMEs. EEN Serbia is strategically recognized by the Government of Republic Serbia, as an integrated service for development of SMEs sector. The main objective of EEN Serbia is to continue improving competitiveness of Serbian SMEs trough implementation of integrated services focused on innovative capacities, productivity, internationalization as well as to assure information flow about EU market, measures and programs, available EU and national RTD support programs. EEN Serbia Consortium is consisted of 6 relevant, motivated and experienced host organizations with a clear mandate to support competitiveness of SMEs, regional and socioeconomic development, internationalization and export promotion as well as R&D and innovation. Consortium partners cover the whole territory of Serbia, and create the most comprehensive system for providing support services to SMEs, with widest and strongest knowledge, expertise and information base.


Miladinovic D.L.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Ilic B.S.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Mihajilov-Krstev T.M.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Nikolic N.D.,Laboratorija za geohemiju | And 2 more authors.
Hemijska Industrija | Year: 2012

The antibacterial potential of essential oil from Serbian Sideritis montana L. (Lamiaceae) on different bacteria was investigated. The essential oil was obtained from air dried aerial parts of the plant with 0.03% (w/w) yield by hydrodistillation for 4 h using a Clevenger-type apparatus. The essential oil analyses were performed simultaneously by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GC-MS) systems. Dominant compounds class is sesquiterpene hydrocarbons. The main constituents of oil were germacrene D (37,9%) and transgeraniol (26,1%). The antibacterial activity of the essential oil was tested towards 4 different bacteria, laboratory control strain obtained from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC). Gram negative bacteria were represented by Escherichia coli ATCC 13706, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Salmonella enteritidis ATCC 13076 while researched Gram positive strain was Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213. Broth microdilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). Essential oil has been found to have antibacterial activity against all tested bacteria, with a MIC values ranging from 0.03 to 0.06 μl/ml and MBC values from 0.06 to 0.12 μl/ml. Reference antibiotic tetracycline was active in concentrations between 0.025 to 0.1 μg/ml. Essential oil from Serbian S. montana has high antibacterial potential which should be studied further.


The paper presents a comparative study, conducted in Croatia and Serbia, of the opinions expressed by the participants regarding safety management organisation. The study relied on the information gathered in the form of a written questionnaire containing 9 basic sets of questions. The questions covered general information on the participant and the company, and the views of the participants on safety management in the company where they were employed. The paper first focuses on the general theoretical background of safety management organisation. Following this introductory section are the results of the studies conducted in Serbia and Croatia. The goal of the comparative study was to pinpoint similarities and differences in safety management organisation in the two countries. Conclusions were drawn based on the comparisons of participants' views regarding the aspects of safety management organisation, implementation of particular organisational structures, types of organisational structure, and implementation of individual steps in the organisation process. Also assessed by the participants were the individual areas of the safety management system, impact of safety management organisation on safety implementation, and the persons responsible for the organisation of safety management.


Markic M.,UP | Kolenc I.,Alcan Tomos | Miklavcic Sumanski M.,Alcan Tomos | Zivkovic S.,Univerzitet u Nisu
Sigurnost | Year: 2011

The intention of the paper was to determine how certain selected factors influence preventive attitude of managers towards health and safety in the workplace. The paper is based on a survey which included 351 CEOs in larger Slovenian companies. The evaluation of data was made using the SPSS program. We found the strongest correlation between variables of preventive attitude towards health and safety between education and investments, and education and safety at work. Analysis showed that the correlation between leadership and preventive safety of this sample is positive and influences the health and safety results (the correlation is relatively high, β coefficient 0,473). Study findings are current and may be useful to those involved in changing the legislation related to health and safety in the workplace. We recommend that preventive safety and incentives be built into the legislation, as it is evident that the CEOs are inclined to honour legal obligations.


Jovanovic G.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Buric N.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Krunic N.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Tijanic M.,Univerzitet u Nisu | Stojanovic S.,Univerzitet u Nisu
Vojnosanitetski Pregled | Year: 2011

Background/Aim. Alveolar osteitis (AO) is the extraction wound healing disorder with a presence of severe pain. Low level laser therapy stimulates cell metabolism and microcirculation, have has pronounced analgesic, antiedematous and anti-inflammatory effect and speeds up wound healing process. The aim of this study was to present results of clinical research that examined the effectiveness of low level laser in pain relief and healing of extraction wounds with alveolar osteitis in the lower jaw which was formed on the second day after tooth extraction. Methods. The study was conducted on 60 subjects divided into the study and the control group. In both groups extraction wounds were processed in similar way, except that in the study group was applied daily treatment of low level laser with a total of eight sessions of radiation, while in the control group extraction wounds were dressed with zinc oxide eugenol paste, which was changed every 48 hours up to the pain cessation. Measurement of pain intensity was done with a visual analogue scale (VAS) 10 min prior to processing of extraction wounds and daily for the next eight days. Assessment of the effectiveness of low level laser on healing of extraction wounds was performed on the day eight of the treatment. Results. On the day five after beginning of the treatment of extraction wounds with alveolar osteitis in the patients of the study group a lower average value of pain as compared to the control group was registered. This difference was increased within the following days. Extraction wounds healing in the study group was more successful and faster than in the control group. Conclusion. This study suggested that the reduction of pain was more pronounced in the patients with alveolar osteitis whose extraction wounds were subjected to low level laser radiation in comparison to those in which extraction wounds were treated with zinc oxide eugenol paste.


PubMed | Univerzitet u Nisu
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta chirurgica Iugoslavica | Year: 2013

Acetabular fractures are severe injuries, mostly occured in young patients after traffic accident or fall from heights. Of the all acetabular fractures, posterior wall acetabular fractures are the most often observed. Regarding to mechanism of the injury, about 30% of these fractures are associated with posterior hip dislocation.The incidence of AVN in 18 patients with posterior wall acetabular fractures associated with dislocations of the hip is presented. Thompson-Epstein Scale (type I-V) was used as the classification of the injury. Kocher-Langenbeck surgical approach was achieved in all patients.Average following time after surgery was 22, 66 months (8-36 months). After that period the incidence of femoral head AVN was observed in 33.3%. Femoral head AVN was observed in 5.55% of patient who was treated by the reduction of hip dislocation in first 24 hours after injury, while in patients with later reduction, femoral head AVN were observed in 27.77%.Posterior wall acetabular fractures associated with hip dislocation are severe injuries. Urgent, closed reduction of the hip, early definitive stable osteosynthesis of acetabulum and the experience of surgical team are factors that greatly decrease the possibility for AVN occurence. Later reduction, comminution of posterior wall of the acetabulum (Thompson- Epstein III et IV), impaction, chondral lesion of the femoral head and associated fractures of femoral head, increase the possibility for AVN occurence.


PubMed | Univerzitet u Nisu
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Vojnosanitetski pregled | Year: 2011

Alveolar osteitis (AO) is the extraction wound healing disorder with a presence of severe pain. Low level laser therapy stimulates cell metabolism and microcirculation, have has pronounced analgesic, antiedematous and anti-inflammatory effect and speeds up wound healing process. The aim of this study was to present results of clinical research that examined the effectiveness of low level laser in pain relief and healing of extraction wounds with alveolar osteitis in the lower jaw which was formed on the second day after tooth extraction.The study was conducted on 60 subjects divided into the study and the control group. In both groups extraction wounds were processed in similar way, except that in the study group was applied daily treatment of low level laser with a total of eight sessions of radiation, while in the control group extraction wounds were dressed with zinc oxide eugenol paste, which was changed every 48 hours up to the pain cessation. Measurement of pain intensity was done with a visual analogue scale (VAS) 10 min prior to processing of extraction wounds and daily for the next eight days. Assessment of the effectiveness of low level laser on healing of extraction wounds was performed on the day eight of the treatment.On the day five after beginning of the treatment of extraction wounds with alveolar osteitis in the patients of the study group a lower average value of pain as compared to the control group was registered. This difference was increased within the following days. Extraction wounds healing in the study group was more successful and faster than in the control group.This study suggested that the reduction of pain was more pronounced in the patients with alveolar osteitis whose extraction wounds were subjected to low level laser radiation in comparison to those in which extraction wounds were treated with zinc oxide eugenol paste.

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