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Pavlik R.,Univerzita Komenskeho
Phonetica | Year: 2014

This research examines the distributional characteristics of Czech ř in terms of the number of contacts (periods). The traditional claim that this consonant is produced with two or more contacts is challenged by the empirical evidence of ř realized in connected speech (newsreading style). The results of the study show that the most common variant of the (ř) variable is a one-contact alveolar sound, with the multiple-contact realization of ř being extremely rare. The role of eight linguistic variables is assessed in order to find out which factors are most likely to influence the number of contacts of Czech ř. Some questions are discussed concerning its current definition as a trill. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Paulov J.,Univerzita Komenskeho
Geograficky Casopis | Year: 2014

The main objective of this paper is to try to describe briefly the change in the scientific status of geography in selected stages of its history since this topic has usually been omitted in various writings devoted to its history. Without taking into account this topic the history of geography would not be complete. The reasons why this topic is relevant consists, apart from other things in the fact that geography, before its methodological conversion in the middle of the 20th century, was not considered equivalent to other, mainly natural sciences, as to its intellectual and research (inquiring) level were concerned. The scientific status of geography is briefly described according to the following stages: Greek antiquity, Middle Ages, Renaissance, Enlightenment, second half of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century, second half of the 20th and the first decade of the 21st century. The most influential stages, according to the author's opinion, were: Enlightenment (geography of A. von Humboldt and C. Ritter) and the second half of the 20th and the first decade of the 21st century (quantification, theoretization and spatial paradigm). In this last stage geography is becoming an authentic research (inquiring) discipline and is gradually approaching, according to its way of researching, the fundamental empirical sciences. Copyright © 2014 Geografický ústav SAV. Source

Zelenikova R.,Ustav osetrovatelstvi a porodni asistence | Ziakova K.,Univerzita Komenskeho | Jarosova D.,Ustav osetrovatelstvi a porodni asistence
Bolest | Year: 2010

Delivery of quality nursing care depends on the ability of nurses to diagnose the patients' problems accurately and to set the effective interventions. Acute pain is one of the most frequently identified nursing diagnoses. The aim of the article is to analyse the results of choosen validation studies of nursing diagnosis Acute pain, this means which defining characteristics were identified as major and which as minor by nurses - experts or patients. In order to achieve the set aim the elementary thought processes were selected: analysis and comparison. 4 validation studies were selected based on 2 set criterias: nursing diagnosis Acute pain or Pain was validated in the study and full text article was published with the results of validation and determination which defining characteristics are major and which minor. Validation studies were selected from the first twelve conference proceedings NANDA (North American Nursing Diagnosis Association) International and from the official journal of international organization NANDA International - International Journal of Nursing Terminologies and Classifications in the period 1990-2010. These parametres were investigated in the choosen studies: the year of the study, the methodology, the subjects of evaluation and the defining characteristics. The oldest study in the sample of studies was from 1987, the youngest was from 2000. The following methods of the validation of nursing diagnoses were used in choosen studies: the Fehring's content validity model, the Fehring's differential diagnostic validation model and the clinical validation. The defining characteristics were validated by the nurses in 3 studies, in 1 study defining characteristics were validated by the patients. Only 2 markers were identified as major defining characteristics in all 4 validation studies: "verbal report of pain" and "facial mask of pain". A defining characteristic "protective behaviour" was identified as a major defining characteristic in 3 studies. The pain is always subjective, therefore the statement of the patient regarding the pain is one of the most reliable indicator of pain. The results of 4 choosen validation studies will compare with the results of validation in Slovak and Czech Republic, that will realize in the international project The issue od nursing diagnosis - theoretical background and application in clinical practice APVV SK-CZ-0151-09, MŠMT MEB 0810029. Source

Sveda M.,Univerzita Komenskeho | Vigasova D.,Univerzita Komenskeho
Geografie-Sbornik CGS | Year: 2010

The countryside around major Slovak cities is undergoing significant transformation. The construction of shopping centres, administrative buildings, logistical sites, residential areas and changes in the agricultural use of land are causing vast changes in land use (land cover). The objective of this paper is to examine changes in the spatial structure of land use in the hinterland of 11 Slovak cities, with more than 50 thousand inhabitants, during the period from 2000 to 2008. On the basis of a detailed comparison of data obtained from the Aggregated Areas of Land Types database (Úhrnné hodnoty druhov pozemkov) we analyzed changes in land use in 847 municipalities within the Functional Urban Regions of Bratislava, Košice, Prešov, Nitra, Žilina, Banská Bystrica, Trnava, Trenčín, Poprad and Prievidza. The results of the research confirmed significantly differentiated changes in land use. Whereas in the capital of Bratislava changes in land use are primarily caused by suburbanization, creating a relatively compact suburban zone, changes in land use were recorded only in selected sites in the rest of these major Slovak cities. Source

Rahel J.,Univerzita Komenskeho | Stahel P.,Masaryk University | Odraskova M.,Univerzita Komenskeho
Chemicke Listy | Year: 2011

The effect of plasma treatment at atmospheric pressure on surface properties of wooden samples is investigated in this work. Plasma activation of wooden surface was studied in diffuse coplanar surface barrier discharge created in air to obtain wettable surface. Plasma deposition of hydrophobic coatings directly on the surface of wooden materials using surface barrier discharge created in pure nitrogen with small admixture of hexamethyldisiloxane was investigated too. Surface properties of plasma treated wooden samples were studied using the sessile droplet technique to identify surface free energy of treated and untreated samples. Source

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