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Zürich, Switzerland

Schu tzler L.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Witt C.M.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Witt C.M.,UniversityHospital Zurich
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Background: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used in Germany, with some treatments eligible for health insurance reimbursements. CAM encourages patients to play an active role in their healing process. The belief that a person's own behavior influences health is assessed as the internal health locus of control (IHLOC). Studies on the association between IHLOC and CAM use yield inconsistent results. Using various indicators of CAM use, we evaluated whether there were differences in IHLOC between different groups of CAM users.Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted. IHLOC was compared between participants with high and low appraisal of CAM, between participants who used different types of medications (none, CAM, conventional, both), and who consulted with different health care professionals (none, CAM, conventional, both). Independent samples t-tests and ANOVAs were conducted for the total group and for subgroups of chronically ill and healthy participants. Post-hoc, we conducted a multivariate linear regression evaluating which indicators of CAM use or other characteristics showed the strongest association with IHLOC.Results: A total of 1,054 undergraduate students completed the survey. Participants with high CAM appraisal showed higher IHLOC than those with low CAM appraisal, regardless of whether they were chronically ill (p < .001). Participants without chronic conditions showed higher IHLOC when only using CAM medications than when using either conventional medications alone or both conventional and CAM medications (p < .05). All participants showed higher IHLOC when visiting only CAM practitioners than when visiting either only conventional or both conventional and CAM practitioners (p < .05). CAM appraisal was associated the strongest with IHLOC in the linear regression model.Conclusions: Generally, participants using CAM more or exclusively, and participants with higher appraisal of CAM showed higher IHLOC than those with less CAM use or lower CAM appraisal. Because of the cross-sectional design, it is not possible to determine whether differences in IHLOC are reasons for or consequences of CAM use. Research using a longitudinal design is needed. The sample, though more representative than most student samples, might not represent the general population. Studies evaluating clinical populations might add to the findings. © 2014 Schu¨tzler and Witt; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Toteberg-Harms M.,Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary | Toteberg-Harms M.,UniversityHospital Zurich | Hanson J.V.,UniversityHospital Zurich | Funk J.,UniversityHospital Zurich
BMC Ophthalmology

Background: Cataract surgery combined with excimer laser trabeculotomy (phaco-ELT) can reduce intraocular pressure (IOP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of phaco-ELT on IOP in patients as a function of preoperative IOP. Methods. Patients with open-angle glacuoma or ocular hypertension who received phaco-ELT between 01/2008 and 10/2009 were included. Patients were assigned based on preoperative IOP either to the study group (≤21 mmHg) or control group (>21 mmHg) in this IRB-approved, prospective, consecutive case series. Visual Acuity, IOP, and number of anti-glaucoma drugs (AGD) were recorded at baseline and 12 months after phaco-ELT. Any postoperative complications were also recorded. Results: 64 eyes of 64 patients (76.5 ± 9.4 years) were included. Baseline IOP was 19.8 ± 5.3 mmHg (AGD 2.4 ± 1.1) for all eyes, 16.5 ± 2.9 mmHg (AGD 2.5 ± 1.0) for the study group, and 25.8 ± 2.9 mmHg (AGD 2.2 ± 1.4) for the control group. Across the two groups, IOP was reduced by 4.5 ± 5.9 mmHg (-23.0%, p < 0.001) and AGD by 0.9 ± 1.5 (-38.9%, p < 0.001). For the study group IOP was reduced by 1.9 ± 4.4 mmHg (-11. 5 %, p = 0.012) and AGD by 1.1 ± 1.4 (-42.9%, p < 0.001), and for the control group by 9.5 ± 5.4 mmHg (-36.6%, p < 0.001) and AGD by 0.7 ± 1.6 (-29.5%, p = 0.085). There were no serious postoperative complications such as endophthalmitis, significant hyphema, or a severe fibrinous reaction of the anterior chamber. Conclusions: IOP remained significantly reduced from baseline 12 months after phaco-ELT regardless of preoperative IOP levels, with no major complications. The IOP reduction remained constant over the entire follow-up. Hence, phaco-ELT can be considered in glaucoma and ocular hypertensive patients whenever cataract surgery is performed, in order to further reduce IOP or to reduce the requirement for IOP-reducing medications. © 2013 Töteberg-Harms et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Gessat M.,University of Zurich | Gessat M.,ETH Zurich | Hopf R.,ETH Zurich | Pollok T.,TU Berlin | And 7 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering

An approach for extracting the radial force load on an implanted stent from medical images is proposed. To exemplify the approach, a system is presented which computes a radial force estimation from computer tomography images acquired from patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The deformed shape of the implanted valve prosthesis' Nitinol frame is extracted from the images. A set of displacement vectors is computed that parameterizes the observed deformation. An iterative relaxation algorithm is employed to adapt the information extracted from the images to a finite-element model of the stent, and the radial components of the interaction forces between the stent and the tissue are extracted. For the evaluation of the method, tests were run using the clinical data from 21 patients. Stent modeling and extraction of the radial forces were successful in 18 cases. Synthetic test cases were generated, in addition, for assessing the sensitivity to the measurement errors. In a sensitivity analysis, the geometric error of the stent reconstruction was below 0.3 mm, which is below the image resolution. The distribution of the radial forces was qualitatively and quantitatively reasonable. An uncertainty remains in the quantitative evaluation of the radial forces due to the uncertainty in defining a radial direction on the deformed stent. With our approach, the mechanical situation of TAVI stents after the implantation can be studied in vivo, which may help to understand the mechanisms that lead to the complications and improve stent design. © 1964-2012 IEEE. Source

Hirn C.,Triemli Hospital Zurich | Zehnder S.,UniversityHospital Zurich | Bauer G.,UniversityHospital Zurich | Jaggi G.P.,UniversityHospital Zurich | And 5 more authors.
Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

Background: The aim of the study was to analyse the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty in patients on medical therapy and to evaluate a possible influence of prostaglandin therapy on intraocular pressure reduction. Patients and Methods: A retrospective chart review was undertaken of patients with ocular hypertension or open angle glaucoma who underwent selective laser trabeculoplasty between 3/2008 and 12/2010. Data were collected preoperatively, on the day of intervention, 1 day, 1 month and then every 3 months post selective laser trabeculoplasty. The main outcome measure was mean intraocular pressure reduction. Results: 109 eyes (76 on prostaglandins) were included. Mean preoperative intraocular pressure was 22.3 ± 4.5 mmHg (prostaglandin naïve) and 19.2 ± 4.8 mmHg (on prostaglandin) (p = 0.003). Up to 1 year follow-up, intraocular pressure was statistically significantly reduced in both groups (p ≤ 0.019). Eyes with a higher preoperative intraocular pressure had a greater pressure reduction (Spearman rho = 0.387, p = 0.002). Eyes naïve to prostaglandins initially had a greater reduction in intraocular pressure, although after 1 year of follow-up the difference was no longer statistically significant. Conclusions: Selective laser trabeculoplasty significantly reduces intraocular pressure in patients already on medical therapy. A sustained influence of prostaglandin therapy on the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty was not found. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG · Stuttgart · New York. Source

Toteberg-Harms M.,UniversityHospital Zurich | Sturm V.,UniversityHospital Zurich | Sel S.,Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg | Sasse A.,Eye Laser Center Halle | Landau K.,UniversityHospital Zurich
Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

Background: Retinal astrocytomas are exceedingly rare benign tumours of the retina. Their occurrence can be solitary or multiple, uni- or bilateral, isolated or in association with a phakomatosis such as tuberous sclerosis or neurofibromatosis type 1. Patients and Methods: We report the long-term follow-up in three patients with retinal astrocytomas. Results: Over many years of follow-up all astrocytomas showed very little progression and no deterioration of visual function. Subtle changes occurred inside the lesions. Conclusions: Even after long-term follow-up the natural course of retinal astrocytic hamartomas seems to be favourable, with visual loss and significant growth being unlikely to occur. A thorough ophthalmological and general evaluation, in order to rule out an underlying systemic disease and to document the ocular status, are needed initially. Thereafter eye examinations can be scheduled in long intervals. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart - New York. Source

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