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De Beauregard R.C.,University Toulouse Jean Jaures
KronoScope | Year: 2015

A major consequence of the capture of images by photography was a reevaluation of idealist philosophy on behalf of material philosophy. But with the projection of images in movement, the capture of a much more immaterial essence of this reality was foregrounded. Two French films of the period when cinema had fully developed its narrative strategies are examined in this paper: a short burlesque, Jean Durand's Le Rembrandt de la rue Lepic (Gaumont, 1911), and a serial of five films, Louis Feuillade's Fantômas (Gaumont, 1913-1914). The two films rely on the instability of images for the dramatic progression of plots that are devoted to the pursuit of an "authentic" image, whether a painting or a fingerprint, itself understood as the reliable "trace" of the materiality of the real world. This paper examines the various meanings of the word "trace" in these films within the cultural context of the 1910s and the prominent questioning of time issues. © 2015 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.

The purpose of this pilot-study is to demonstrate the positive influence bilingualism has on children's executive functions, particularly their inhibitory capacities, to prove that studying two languages significantly improves these competencies. Monolingual (n = 19) and bilingual (n = 30) 8 year-old children were evaluated by the "Victoria" version of the Stroop test, by measuring the time it took to complete each test card and the number of errors they made on the "Interference" card. The results show that the bilingual children make fewer errors than the monolingual children on the "Interference" card, but take more time to name the colors on the first card. These results are due to the ability to think in two languages that inhibits the selection between the non-wanted language and the wanted one. The precociousness of this cognitive process makes the bilingual child take more time to name colors but also allows for fewer errors. These results elucidate the impact bilingualism has on school-aged children.

We propose rereading Memories of a neuropath by Daniel Paul Schreber in the light of the concept of hysterical psychosis defined as a psychotic resolution of hysterical ambivalence towards the erotic desire to be penetrated (the vaginal componant of sexuality). We have been lead to discuss the three main propositions of the Freudian postulate relating to Schreber's psychosis stated a century ago: the homosexual nature of the pathogenic wish, the resort to the mechanism of projection and the diagnosis of paranoia. We would like to propose another hypothesis, according to which Schreber's delusion is of hysterical nature and that it translates the realisation of a pregenital wish for penetration without a body, which is abolished.

Poupart F.,University Toulouse Jean Jaures
International Journal of Psychoanalysis | Year: 2016

Sigmund Freud considered the difficulty in defining masculinity and femininity from a psychic point of view as a hiatus in psychoanalytic theory. I contend that masculinity pertains to the centrifugal (to that which goes out, and ultimately to that which one loses), and femininity to the centripetal (to the appetency for taking the object into one's own internal space), whether one is considering their archaic roots or their genitalized culmination. The masculine/feminine pair draws support from the body (and, through anaclisis, from the subjective space), identified with a container that is liable already in the first psychic stages of life to empty itself of its own content and to be filled by a foreign content: the content is subjective in the masculine and object-related in the feminine. The conflicts of ambivalence related to these two movements (desire/anxieties linked to active and passive penetration) lead to the setting up of the rigid and labile poles of the personality, and they are liable to give rise to obsessional and hysterical solutions respectively. My hypotheses will be examined in the light of the two key cases of hysteria and obsessional neurosis in Freud's work: Dora (1905e) and the Rat Man (1909d). Copyright © 2016 Institute of Psychoanalysis

Objectives: In the field of art-therapy, a lot of works take an interest in psychosis and mood troubles neglecting depressive troubles without psychotic symptoms, which however constitute a wide part of clinic population. The aim is to explore therapeutic effects perceived by inpatient prey to depressive difficulties, of a standardized and manualised art-therapy treatment at short and medium terms. Patients and methods: The Mediatized Therapies Clinical Scale activities questionnaire has been applied to 15 depressive patients in hospitalization leaving and again 5 months later (follow-up). Results: Major benefits are located at level of motivation relaunch, emotions stimulation, other openness, ego and well-being strengthening. Conclusions: Art-therapy frame supports change processes by transfer, expression possibilities, elaboration and brooding liberation, surprise effect, learning and self-esteem healing. A synopsis of good practices for depressive (non-psychotic) patients is proposed. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.

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