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Ng P.K.,Multimedia University | Chai K.X.,Multimedia University | Leh S.L.,Multimedia University | Bee M.C.,Multimedia University | And 2 more authors.
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2014

Hand and finger-related injuries are increasingly common in the manufacturing industry. In relation to this, researchers have conducted various studies and found that a clockwise torque can produce a greater grip force than a counterclockwise torque direction, hence improving the grip control and exertion of an individual. However, there appears to be limited studies that explore this theory in the circumstances of pinch grips. Thus, the aim of this study is to explore the effects of different torque directions on the pinch grips. 6 prototype industrial screw knobs were designed, produced and evaluated by surveying 160 workers from a manufacturing firm. The results show that although the sizes are different, the effort to turn the knobs with a counterclockwise torque direction is still greater than the effort with a clockwise torque direction, which can technically mean that the pinch exertion in a clockwise torque direction is relatively greater. Based on these findings, guidelines can be developed to further improve hand tool designs and the capacity of torque exertions to potentially increase human performance and the effectiveness in tasks at the workplace. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.


Ng P.K.,Multimedia University | Boon Q.H.,Multimedia University | Chai K.X.,Multimedia University | Leh S.L.,Multimedia University | And 2 more authors.
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2014

The most common body parts that sustain injuries at the workplace are the hands and fingers. In association to this, researchers have conducted various studies on grip span, forces, postures, contact area and strength. However, it appears that limited studies have been done on the design of screw knobs of ergonomic shapes and sizes for pinch grip activities. Thus, the aim of this study is to design, develop and assess screw knobs of ergonomic shapes and sizes for pinching activities. Several designs of screw knobs were designed and fabricated. The assessment of the knobs involved workers from a manufacturing firm. The ratings on the efforts to pinch and turn the knobs were collected using surveys and analyzed with reliability and descriptive and analyses. The results show that the workers mostly preferred using the small 5-lobes knob. However, the large ball knob was the least preferred knob to be used. The findings of this study can be used to create design guidelines on knob shapes and sizes to develop safer, more ergonomic and efficient knobs. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

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