University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu

Malaysia

University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu

Malaysia
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Wan Mohamad W.A.F.,Monash University | Wan Mohamad W.A.F.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Wan Mohamad W.A.F.,CSIRO | Buckow R.,CSIRO | And 2 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2017

Confocal Raman microscopy (CRM) was able to quantify the β-carotene concentration in oil droplets and determine the partitioning characteristics of β-carotene within the emulsion system in situ. The results were validated by a conventional method involving solvent extraction of β-carotene separately from the total emulsion as well as the aqueous phase separated by centrifugation, and quantification by absorption spectrophotometry. CRM also enabled the localization of β-carotene in an emulsion. From the Raman image, the β-carotene partitioning between the aqueous and oil phases of palm olein-in-water emulsions stabilized by whey protein isolate (WPI) was observed. Increasing the concentration of β-carotene in an emulsion (from 0.1 to 0.3 g/kg emulsion) with a fixed gross composition (10% palm olein:2% WPI) decreased the concentration of β-carotene in the oil droplet. CRM is a powerful tool for in situ analyses of components in heterogeneous systems such as emulsions. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


Zahari Z.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | Ibrahim M.A.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | Ibrahim M.A.,Hawler Medical University | Musa N.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2016

Purpose: This study compared pain sensitivity among opioid dependent patients on methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) and opioid naive subjects. Methods: The three hundred participants comprised 152 opioid naive subjects and 148 opioid dependent patients. Opioid naive subjects had not taken any opioids including morphine and methadone to their best knowledge and were presumed so after two consecutive negative urine screenings for drugs. All opioid dependent patients were stabilized in treatment, defined as having been enrolled in the program for more than one month with no change of methadone dosage over the past one month. Excluded from the study were individuals with chronic or ongoing acute pain and individuals with a history of analgesics ingestion within 3 d before the cold pressor test (CPT). Pain tolerance to CPT was evaluated at 0 h, and at 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24 h post-methadone dose. Results: Patients exhibited a significantly shorter mean pain tolerance time of 34.17 s (95% CI 24.86, 43.49) versus 61.36 (52.23, 70.48) [p < 0.001] compared with opioid naive subjects. Time-dependent mean pain tolerance was also significantly different when naive subjects were compared to patients (p = 0.016). Conclusions: This study revealed hyperalgesia amongst patients on MMT, as manifested by their quicker hand withdrawal. The complaints of pain in this population should not be underestimated and the pain should be evaluated seriously and managed aggressively. © 2016, Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences. All rights reserved.


Abdullah M.R.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Musa R.M.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Kosni N.A.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Maliki A.B.H.M.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Haque M.,National University of Malaysia
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research | Year: 2016

Skills and physical fitness are found to be the contributing factors for successful performance in soccer game. The capability for the players to execute skills well as respond to the fitness requirements for the game determines their expertise. Both senior and junior soccer players require skills and fitness to perform efficiently. The aim of this study is to examine the distinction of specific skills related performance and fitness attributed to senior and junior Malaysian soccer players. Eighty-two senior soccer players and ninety-nine junior were recruited from six different soccer academies. Specific performance related skills and standard fitness tests were conducted. Discriminant analysis was employed to differentiate the skills and fitness possess by the two groups. 83.4% of the participants are correctly classified and 81.2% of cross-validated grouped cases are correctly identified based on the level of participation. Discriminant function analysis shows strong canonical correlation of (73%) with agility and 20m dash as a main predictor that contributed more in differentiating the groups, (χ2 = 132.00, p < .05). Moreover, MANOVA follow up test revealed that multiple shuttle run, ball control, short pass, long pass, and shooting performance parameter shows significant difference between the two groups F (9,171) =21.48, p <.05, while sprint and recovery circuit dash 20 meter shows no significant difference p > .05. Senior soccer players are found to be more skillful and fitter as opposed to junior soccer players. © 2016, Association of Indian Pharmacist. All rights reserved.


Abdullah M.R.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Musa R.M.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Maliki A.B.H.M.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Kosni N.A.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu
Journal of Physical Education and Sport | Year: 2016

Multiple systems of notational analysis are been used in performance analysis of soccer to provide coaches and players with information on their performance. The development of these various notational analysis tools has further made the analysis of players and team performance possible to deliver information to coaches in real time. Establishing reliability for notational analysis in soccer is necessary for the information to be relied upon. Despite this development, however, most performance analysts seldom report the reliability of their analysis assuming that the present of performance indicators could reflect the reliability of their analysis. This paper aims to develop a tablet-based notational analysis system and establish its reliability in the game of soccer. Performance indicators related to the requirement for the game were identified, operationalized and installed on tablet application. Eleven performance analysts were provided with eleven tablets installed with StatWatch application and instructed to analyse the performance of a particular player during a soccer match based on the performance indicators. Cronbach’s alpha and Cohen’s Kappa reliability testing was employed to test the consistency as well the level of agreement between the performance analysts at p ≤ .05 level of confidence. The result shows α=.90 and K=.89 (0.10, 95%), p < .001, respectively which suggested a high consistency of their measurement and indicated that the agreement between the performance analysts on their analysis was perfect and far beyond chance. Reliability in the notational analysis of soccer using tablet application could be achieved. Performance analysts should ensure the reliability of their analysis before being relayed to the coaches to avoid any bias and misleading information. © JPES.


Siti H.N.,National University of Malaysia | Siti H.N.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Kamisah Y.,National University of Malaysia | Nur Iliyani M.I.,University Putra Malaysia | And 2 more authors.
Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy | Year: 2017

Prolonged consumption of repeatedly heated vegetable oil increases blood pressure. This study aimed to determine the effects of Citrus leaf extract, (CLE) on blood pressure, blood pressure-regulating enzymes and mediators, as well as aortic histomorphometry in heated palm oil induced-hypertension. Male Sprague Dawley rats (n = 56) were divided into seven groups; control group was given normal diet and the other groups were fed with palm oil-enriched diet (15% w/w) either fresh (FPO), five-time-heated (5HPO) or ten-time-heated (10HPO) with or without CLE (0.15%, w/w) supplementation. CLE supplementation reduced the heated oil-raising effect of blood pressure, plasma TBARS, thromboxane and angiotensin-1 converting enzyme in 5HPO but not in 10HPO group. CLE increased serum heme oxygenase-1 in both 5HPO and 10HPO groups. CLE supplementation reduced the increase in aortic intima-media thickness, intima-media area and circumferential wall tension in 5HPO group but not in 10HPO group. These findings suggested that CLE supplementation reduces the blood pressure-raising effects of 5HPO and vascular damage, possibly through its antioxidant effect by modulating vasoactive mediators and blood pressure-regulating enzymes. © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS


Shamsuddin S.N.W.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Abu Bakar N.F.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Makhtar M.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Wan Isa W.M.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology | Year: 2016

Quran is the fundamental holy book of Islam. Among the most important concerns is to learn it by heart. However, current method in Quranic schools is becoming less effective towards young generation. Thus, there is a need to find alternative solutions to memorize Quran for young Muslims. Mobile learning is an alternative to conventional learning that will support the existing method. Mobile devices have made an immediate impact on teaching and learning practices. However, for mobile learning to be effective for children in memorizing Quran, it is necessary to find specific design guidelines and pedagogy to this learning method. This paper aims at providing a unifying framework for developing Quran memorizer application using multimedia interactive method and learning theories for mobile learning. © 2005 - 2016 JATIT & LLS. All rights reserved.


Mamat A.R.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Abd Rawi N.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Awang M.I.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Kadir M.F.A.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Abd Rahman M.N.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu
International Journal of Advances in Soft Computing and its Applications | Year: 2015

Content based image retrieval (CBIR) has become one of the most active research areas in the past few years. Many indexing techniques are based on global feature distributions. However, these global distributions have limited discriminating power because they are unable to capture local image information. In this paper, the new proposed method based on local image to classify the Interest Region (IR) and Non Interest Region (NIR) of images. To develop this, the integration of clustering and user intervention was applied. Clustering process is obtaining several regions, meanwhile to ascertain the location of the center of images through user intervention. Several experiments are conducted using different weight (ω, γ) of IR and NIR. Subsequently average color moment is extracted from this region (IR and NIR) in CIE Lab color model. To investigate the performance, new distance is proposed based on Euclidean distance. Experimental results show the proposed method more efficient in image retrieval.


Rahi S.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu
Journal of Internet Banking and Commerce | Year: 2016

Purpose/Significance: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between customer perceived value and customer’s perception of public relation on customer loyalty with moderating role of brand image. Research was conducted on banking sector of Pakistan. Design/methodology/approach: Data collected in a survey that yielded 930 respondents. Questionnaire was adopted from research work of Zeithaml, Berry, and Parasuraman (1996) and Park, Jaworski, and Maclnnis (1986). Deductive -Positive - Quantitative Approach was used for the analysis. A theoretical framework was proposed to suggest links among variables. Multiple regression and Moderating regression were used to examine the hypothesized relationship. Findings: It was found that Customer Perceived value, Customer’s Perception of Public relation brought 94.0% change on customer loyalty. Study concluded that there was a strong positive significant relationship between proposed variables. To check the moderation of brand image researcher took the interaction of all independent variables with brand image. Results prevailed that there was significant qasi moderation exist. Research limitations/implication: Further research is indicated, to identify effects of these variables on other services provider companies of excluding Pakistani banking sector. Banking sector in Pakistan should pay more attention on Customer’s Perception of Public relation and Customer Perceived Value, in order to enhance the customer loyalty. Originality/value: This study is the first study that tests the western model on south eastern countries like Pakistan. In addition to that there is no research work found that reflects on customer perceived value and Customer’s perception of public relation with moderating effect of brand image especially on banking sector of Pakistan. This document will help managers to adopt appropriate strategies that will lead banking sector towards prosperity. © Samar Rahi, 2016.


Zulkafli A.H.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | Hamzah A.H.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Bakar N.A.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu
Advanced Science Letters | Year: 2015

This paper presents evidence on the role of board governance in influencing financing policy of listed companies in Malaysia. As most of board’s studies directed towards understanding the influence of its structure on firm’s performance, this study is intended to measure its relationship with corporate financial policies in a country with a highly concentrated ownership structure; Malaysia. This study employs board size, board independent and board remuneration as board governance proxy while debt ratio is used to represent financing policy of a firm. It is found that board remuneration is the only significant board governance variable in explaining financing policy of public listed companies in Malaysia. © 2015 American Scientific Publishers. All rights reserved.


Ibrahim A.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Juahir H.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Toriman M.E.,University Sultan Zainal AbidinTerengganu | Mustapha A.,Kano University of Science and Technology | And 2 more authors.
Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences | Year: 2015

Multivariate Statistical techniques including cluster analysis, discriminant analysis, and principal component analysis/factor analysis were applied to investigate the spatial variation and pollution sources in the Terengganu river basin during 5 years of monitoring 13 water quality parameters at thirteen different stations. Cluster analysis (CA) classified 13 stations into 2 clusters low polluted (LP) and moderate polluted (MP) based on similar water quality characteristics. Discriminant analysis (DA) rendered significant data reduction with 4 parameters (pH, NH 3-NL, PO4 and EC) and correct assignation of 95.80%. The PCA/FA applied to the data sets, yielded in five latent factors accounting 72.42% of the total variance in the water quality data. The obtained varifactors indicate that parameters in charge for water quality variations are mainly related to domestic waste, industrial, runoff and agricultural (anthropogenic activities). Therefore, multivariate techniques are important in environmental management. © 2015, Malaysian Society of Analytical Sciences. All rights reserved.

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