Medical students' perception of the educational environment in a faculty developing a traditional curriculum (UCH-Chile) and another with a problem based learning curriculum (UNC-Argentina) [Percepción de los estudiantes de medicina del ambiente educativo en una facultad con currículo tradicional (UCH-Chile) y otra con currículo basado en problemas (UNC-Argentina)]
Diaz-Veliz G.,University of Chile |
Mora S.,University of Chile |
Bianchi R.,National University of Cuyo |
Gargiulo P.A.,National University of Cuyo |
And 4 more authors.
Educacion Medica | Year: 2011
To assess and compare the perception about the educational environment of medical students from two Latin-American universities, University of Chile (UCH) and National University of Cuyo (UNC), which develop a traditional curriculum and a problem based curriculum, respectively. Subjects and methods. A transversal study was performed in 465 students: 232 from the UCH and 233 from the UNC. The distribution was 84/70 for the first course, 77/97 for the third one and 71/66 for the fifth one, respectively. The DREEM questionnaire, which consists of 50 items, was applied. It covers 5 dimensions of the educational environment: perception about learning, perception about teachers, academic self-perception, perception about educational climate and social self-perception. Results. Total DREEM scores were significantly higher in the UNC. Scores were similar in all courses from both universities, with the exception of fifth course UCH. Regarding their perception about teachers, students of the fifth course UCH showed the lowest score, whereas students of the first course UNC had the best perception. Similar results were obtained for the academic auto-perception; while the perception of the learning environment obtained higher scores in the three courses from the UNC. Social auto-perception was similar in all courses tested in this study. Conclusions. Differences observed between both universities could be attributed to their different curricula. Problem based curriculum seems to be better appreciated than the traditional one. Our study corroborates the efficacy of the DREEM questionnaire to identify strengths and weaknesses of the curriculum and for the assessment of teaching quality in medical schools. © 2011 Educación Médica. Source
Breilh J.,Federal University of Bahia |
Breilh J.,Simon Bolivar Andean University
Salud Colectiva | Year: 2010
Empirical-analytic epidemiology builds its interpretive framework around categories like "place" and constructs layers of empirical association through modern GIS software. Critical epidemiology in Latin America questions this approach and articulates an innovative view of spatial health analysis that intertwines the contributions of philosophy, political economy, and social geography to rethink the social determination of urban-rural relationships and health. The dramatic loss of urban sustainability and the unhealthy relationship between industrialized conurbations and agro-industrial rural areas imply a loss of space for the healthy and sustainable reproduction of people and ecosystems. The acceleration of the development of economic monopolies on both sides of the urban-rural divide is transforming that conventional spatial-social distinction and blending the perverse effects of a greedy organization of social life in both agricultural and urban settings. Source
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: SSH-2010-4.1-2 | Award Amount: 3.42M | Year: 2011
The central objective of this project is to understand how environmental governance is shaped in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and to develop a new analytical framework for environmental governance in the region. The project will focus on both formal and informal practices of management around renewable and non-renewable natural resources, how they are perceived, contested and reshaped in the context of rapid and complex social, political, economic and environmental changes at local, national, and global levels. In order to do so, the concept of environmental governance provides a comprehensive approach linking theory and practice. Latin American and Caribbean countries have come to occupy a key position in the global debate on environmental governance, and the climate crisis has further stressed the international importance of the region. This project will focus on the obstacles and possibilities for sustainable production systems that can generate both economic development and a more equitable distribution of benefits in order to decrease poverty, exclusion, and environmental degradation in LAC. It will depart from the regions experience with environmental governance, analyse recent initiatives, and explore options for institutional innovation and inclusive approaches towards natural resource use and management. The project will build on available knowledges and generate new information which will be widely disseminated among all relevant user groups (social movements, academics, state institutions and private sector) to support them in developing future strategies and activities. The project will use multi-disciplinary and multi-scalar methods, including stakeholders in all the project phases to discuss and compare contexts and outcomes in different LAC regions, and to develop innovative tools for learning processes and communicating its results.
Simon Bolivar Andean University | Entity website
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Simon Bolivar Andean University | Entity website
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