Meeting the demand for energy and selected nutritients in diets of residents of one selected residential care home for adults and evaluation of their anthropometric parameters [Pokrycie zapotrzebowania na energiȩ iwybrane skŁadniki odżywcze w diecie pensjonariuszy domu pomocy spolecznej oraz ocena ich parametrów antropometrycznych]
Pysz-Izdebska K.,University Rolniczy a Kowie |
Leszczynska T.,University Rolniczy a Kowie |
Kopec A.,University Rolniczy a Kowie |
Nowacka E.,University Rolniczy a Kowie |
Bugaj B.,University Rolniczy a Kowie
Zywnosc. Nauka. Technologia. Jakosc/Food. Science Technology. Quality | Year: 2010
The objective of this study was to assess the diets of the residents of one selected Residential Care Home in Cracow with regard to whether or not they meet the demand for energy, basic nutritients, and antioxidant vitamins during the spring and autumn seasons. The calculations were performed using a DIETA 2.0 software, on the basis of the surveys conducted among the residents on their food consumed during 24 hours prior to survey. Both during the spring and the autumn, the caloric value of food rations for women was insufficient and constituted 88 % and 85 %, respectively, of the recommended standard intake level, whereas the fat and protein content was suitable from the point of view of recommendations. The caloric value of and fat content in food rations for men met the obligatory standards during the two seasons, however, the protein content exceeded the recommended value. During the spring, the cholesterol content in the diets of women and men was 74 and 87 % of the acceptable amount of 300 mg/person/day, and, during the autumn, 77 and 94 % of this amount. During the spring and the autumn, the intake of total carbohydrates by women was 67 and 64 %, respectively, and by men 91 and 84 %, respectively. The content of dietary fibre in the daily diet constituted only a half of the recommended intake value amounting to 30 g/person/day. The intake of vitamin A was higher than the recommended value, but the intake of vitamins E and C was, in general, not sufficient. The proper body mass index (BMI) was found in 19.6 % of the women and in 50.0 % of the men surveyed, whereas the overweight and obesity was found in 78 (women) and 50% (men) of the polled. The android obesity was found in 88.9 % of the women with a higher body mass. The malnourishment was found in 2.4 % of women.