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Zofingen, Switzerland

Cun H.,University rich | Iannuzzi M.,University rich | Hemmi A.,University rich | Osterwalder J.,University rich | Greber T.,University rich
Surface Science | Year: 2014

Exposing a monolayer of graphene on ruthenium (g/Ru(0001)) to low energy Ar+ ions leads to nanotent formation and “can-opener“ effect, similar phenomena as observed for h-BN/Rh(111) targets (Cun, Iannuzzi, Hemmi, Roth, Osterwalder and Greber, 2013) [1]. Nanotents are extra protrusions in the sp2 monolayers beneath which atoms are immobilized at room temperature. Annealing the Ar+ implanted structures results in the “can-opener“ effect, i.e., the formation of voids with a diameter of about 2nm within the graphene layer. The voids preferentially settle in the “hill“ regions of the g/Ru(0001) superstructure and thus display spacial selectivity. This provides a convenient method to control defect positions within graphene membranes with nanometer precision. The results are obtained by scanning tunneling microscopy, low energy electron diffraction and photoemission, and are backed with density functional theory calculations. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

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