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Kotbagi G.,Paris West University Nanterre La Defense | Muller I.,Bordeaux University Hospital Center | Romo L.,Paris West University Nanterre La Defense | Kern L.,University Paris Ouest la Defense
Annales Medico-Psychologiques | Year: 2014

Behavioral addictions are of growing interest in today's world indicating the need for novel therapeutic methods of biopsychosocial type. Amongst the numerous behavioral addictions, our clinical experience at CAPS (Centre d'Accompagnement et de Prévention pour les Sportifs) brought to our attention the problem of exercise dependency in sports population. This addiction categorized as positive addiction faces a significant problem with respect to definitions, epidemiology, models, diagnostic criteria and measurement scales. Through this clinical case study, we intend to throw light upon the different aspects of this addiction, particularly its co-occurrence with eating disorders and methods of treatment. Unlike other addictions where the consequences are said to be harmful, exercise dependency is valorized by the individual and society. This article also throws light upon the different measurement scales used to quantify exercise dependency. It also discusses the clinical significance of a tool being currently validated which aims to evaluate the intricacy of exercise dependency and eating disorders. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS.

Poupart F.,Center Hospitalier Leon Jean Gregory | Pirlot G.,University Paris Ouest la Defense
Evolution Psychiatrique | Year: 2011

The notion of hysterical psychosis implies the paradox of a psychotic genitality. Leaning on the psychoanalytic, phenomenological and gestaltist approach of Gisela Pankow, we try to define this nosographic entity, by underlining in a patient a special kind of relationship with imagos and own body we called dialectic of penetration. In that kind of pathological functioning, De Clérambault's syndrome could be understood as the realization, in the psychotic experience area, of a sort of intrusive genital sexuality, and delusion as a new performance of œdipal drama on the delusional scene. We finally question the place of a lacunar Oedipus complex in non-schizophrenic psychoses. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS.

Jolly-Saad M.-C.,University Paris Ouest la Defense | Bonnefille R.,Aix - Marseille University
Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeophytologie | Year: 2012

The Middle Awash palaeontological study area in Ethiopia is widely known for the recovery of abundant faunal remains including the recently discovered hominid Ardipithecus ramidus. In this paper, we describe eleven new fossil wood specimens from three distinct units of the Pliocene Sagantole Formation. The anatomical (xylotomical) characters of the silicified woods were studied using thinsections. The material has been assigned to five species of five genera and five (botanical) families. These species are Anogeissus cf. leiocarpus (Combretaceae) and Vitex cf. simplicifolia (Verbenaceae) from the Haradaso Member (4.85 Ma), Syzygium cf. guineense (Myrtaceae) from the Aramis Member (4.4 Ma), Ficus sp. (Moraceae) and Rothmannia cf. whitfieldii (Rubiaceae) from the Adgantole Member (4.3 Ma). Our comparison of the Middle Awash wood with the fossil record is mainly focused on African records and their stratigraphic and palaeogeographic data. The distribution of the respective nearest living relative species provides remarkable palaeoenvironmental information. Ficus sp. and Rothmannia whitfieldii have modern representatives in the riparian forest along the Awash River. Anogeissus leiocarpus, Vitex simplicifolia, and Syzygium guineense are not present in the present-day steppic vegetation at low elevations but can be found in different forests on the Ethiopian plateaux. They indicate wetter palaeoclimatic conditions at the Middle Awash area during the lower Pliocene. ©2012 E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany.

Milhau A.,University of Lille Nord de France | Brouillet T.,University Paris Ouest la Defense | Brouillet D.,Montpellier University
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology | Year: 2015

According to the body specificity hypothesis, the way we interact with our environment participates in our conceptualization of concepts and word meanings. For instance, valence is associated to horizontal space because of the motor fluency by which one acts with one's dominant hand. We propose that the decisive factor in the compatibility effects between valence and lateral actions is the interaction between the fluency of response movement and the situational constraints of the task. In a valence judgement task with positive and negative words, right-handers (Experiment 1) and left-handers (Experiment 2) responded with lateralized actions of either their dominant or their nondominant hand. To do so, we used a response device that was either congruent or noncongruent with the fluency of the response hand. Results highlighted that when the response device was congruent with the fluency of the responding hand, response times to positive evaluations were shorter than those to negative evaluations. Conversely, when the response device was noncongruent with the fluency of the responding hand, we observed faster responses for negative evaluations than for positive evaluations. Furthermore, we obtained similar patterns for right- and left-handers, supporting the idea that compatibility effects are driven by the situated fluency of the responding hand. © 2014, The Experimental Psychology Society.

Jolly-Saad M.-C.,University Paris Ouest la Defense | Duperon-Laudoueneix M.,UMR 5143 paleobiodiversite and paleoenvironnements | Duperon J.,UMR 5143 paleobiodiversite and paleoenvironnements | Bonnefille R.,British Petroleum
Comptes Rendus - Palevol | Year: 2010

In this article we describe the microscopic structures of a silicified piece of wood collected in the Middle Awash Valley (Ethiopia). The fossil wood was extracted from sediment precisely dated 4.4 Ma. Its attribution to the Ficoxylon species is based upon detailed comparison with published data and with comparisons of some modern species of the genus Ficus and similar characters encountered in fossil woods from West Africa, Egypt, Libya and Ethiopia previously described and attributed to this taxon. © 2009 Académie des sciences.

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