Paris Diderot University - Paris 7, also known as Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7, is a leading French University located in Paris, France. It is one of the heirs of the Faculty of science of the University of Paris , which, founded in the mid-12th century, was one of the earliest universities established in Europe. It adopted its current name in 1994.Featuring two Nobel Prize laureates, a Fields Medal winner and two former French Ministers of Education among its faculty or former faculty, the University is famous for its teaching in science, especially in mathematics. Indeed many fundamental results of the theory of Probability have been discovered at one of its research centers, the Laboratoire de Probabilités et Modèles Aléatoires . The university is also known for its teaching in psychology, which adopts a specific approach drawing from both the domains of psychopathology and psychoanalysis.But the University also hosts many others disciplines: currently, there are 2300 educators and researchers, 1100 administrative personnel and 26,000 students studying humanities, science, and medicine.Paris Diderot University is a founding member of the higher education and research alliance Sorbonne Paris Cité which is a Public Institution for Scientific Cooperation bringing together four renowned Parisian universities and four higher education and research institutes.Formerly based at the Jussieu Campus in the 5th arrondissement, the University moved to a new campus in the 13th arrondissement, in the Paris Rive Gauche neighborhood. The first buildings were brought into use in 2006. The university has many facilities in Paris, and two in other parts of the general area. In 2012, the University completed its move in its new ultra-modern campus. Wikipedia.
French Institute of Health, Medical Research and University Paris Diderot | Date: 2015-04-09
The present invention relates to a method for preventing Gram-negative bacterial colonization of an oropharyngeal material, the said method comprising bringing into contact a composition comprising a cranberry-derived proanthocyanidin extract on at least a part of the surface area of the said material.
French National Center for Scientific Research and University Paris Diderot | Date: 2015-05-04
The present invention relates to porphyrins of formula (I): wherein R^(1 )to R^(6), R^(1) to R^(6), X, X Y and Y are as described in claim 1. The invention also relates to complexes of said porphyrins with transition metals, in particular iron, preferably as Fe(III) or Fe(0) complex, and salts thereof, use thereof as catalysts for the selective electrochemical reduction of CO_(2 )into CO, electrochemical cells comprising said complexes, and a method for selectively reducing electrochemically CO_(2 )into CO using said complexes.
French Institute of Health, Medical Research, University Paris Diderot, University of Paris 13 and Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Paris | Date: 2016-11-22
The present invention relates to various soluble forms of CD31, including a novel form which is shed by activated platelets and released into the circulation. Methods for detecting said soluble forms of CD31 are disclosed, as are methods of specifically 1 detecting said platelet-derived shed CD31 and the use of such methods as a diagnostic tool.
French Institute of Health, Medical Research, University Paris Diderot, University of Paris Descartes and Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Paris Aphp | Date: 2015-03-17
The present invention relates to method for predicting acute rejection in heart recipients. In particular, the present invention relates to a method for predicting acute rejection in a heart recipient comprising the steps consisting of i) determining the expression level (ELi) of at least one miRNAi selected from the group consisting of miR-155, miR-10a, miR-92a and miR-31 in a blood sample obtained from the heart recipient, ii) comparing the expression level (ELi) determined at step i) with a predetermined reference level (ELRi) and iii) and concluding that the recipient has a high risk of developing acute rejection when the level the expression level (ELi) determined at step i) is different (higher or lower) than the predetermined reference level (ELRi).
French National Center for Scientific Research, Ecole Superieure De Physiquue Et De Chime Industri De La Ville Paris and University Paris Diderot | Date: 2015-06-29
Method for functional imaging of the brain, comprising the following steps: (a) a brain is imaged by ultrasound imaging in order to obtain a vascular image to be studied (IVO), (b) the vascular image to he studied (IVO) is compared automatically, by shape recognition, with a cerebral vascular atlas (AV), and the vascular image to be studied (IVO) is thus located in the cerebral vascular atlas (AV), (c) a cerebral functional atlas (AF) corresponding to said cerebral vascular atlas (AV) and comprising cerebral functional zones (1c) located in this cerebral vascular atlas (AV) is used in such a way as to identify cerebral functional zones (1e) on the vascular image to be studied (IVO).
French Institute of Health, Medical Research, French National Center for Scientific Research, University of Paris Descartes, Fondation Imagine, University Paris Diderot, University Paris - Sud and Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Paris Aphp | Date: 2015-06-19
The present invention concerns a combination of (i) a DNA methylation inhibitor, and (ii) a Vitamin D receptor agonist, for simultaneous or sequential use in the treatment of a drug resistant cancer and/or in prevention of tumor relapse in a patient suffering from cancer. The present invention also relates to a combination of (i) a DNA methylation inhibitor, and (ii) a Vitamin D receptor agonist, for increasing, restoring or enhancing sensitivity of a patient suffering from cancer to a chemotherapeutic drug in a patient suffering from cancer.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETPROACT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 5.82M | Year: 2017
Social media and the digitization of news and discussion fora are having far-reaching effects on the way individuals and communities communicate, organize, and express themselves. Can the information circulating on these platforms be tapped to better understand and analyze the enormous problems facing our contemporary society? Could this help us to better monitor the growing number of social crises due to cultural differences and diverging world-views? Would this facilitate early detection and perhaps even ways to resolve conflicts before they lead to violence? The Odycceus project answers all these questions affirmatively. It will develop the conceptual foundations, methodologies, and tools to translate this bold vision into reality and demonstrate its power in a large number of cases. Specifically, the project seeks conceptual breakthroughs in Global Systems Science, including a fine-grained representation of cultural conflicts based on conceptual spaces and sophisticated text analysis, extensions of game theory to handle games with both divergent interests and divergent mindsets, and new models of alignment and polarization dynamics. The project will also develop an open modular platform, called Penelope, that integrates tools for the complete pipeline, from data scraped from social media and digital sources, to visualization of the analyses and models developed by the project. The platform features an infrastructure allowing developers to provide new plug-ins for additional steps in the pipeline, share them with others, and jointly develop the platform as an open source community. Finally, the project will build two innovative participatory tools, the Opinion Observatory and the Opinion Facilitator, which allow citizens to monitor, visualize and influence the dynamics of conflict situations that involve heterogeneous cultural biases and non-transparent entanglements of multilateral interests.
Carusotto I.,University of Trento |
Ciuti C.,University Paris Diderot
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2013
This article reviews recent theoretical and experimental advances in the fundamental understanding and active control of quantum fluids of light in nonlinear optical systems. In the presence of effective photon-photon interactions induced by the optical nonlinearity of the medium, a many-photon system can behave collectively as a quantum fluid with a number of novel features stemming from its intrinsically nonequilibrium nature. A rich variety of recently observed photon hydrodynamical effects is presented, from the superfluid flow around a defect at low speeds, to the appearance of a Mach-Cherenkov cone in a supersonic flow, to the hydrodynamic formation of topological excitations such as quantized vortices and dark solitons at the surface of large impenetrable obstacles. While the review is mostly focused on a specific class of semiconductor systems that have been extensively studied in recent years (planar semiconductor microcavities in the strong light-matter coupling regime having cavity polaritons as elementary excitations), the very concept of quantum fluids of light applies to a broad spectrum of systems, ranging from bulk nonlinear crystals, to atomic clouds embedded in optical fibers and cavities, to photonic crystal cavities, to superconducting quantum circuits based on Josephson junctions. The conclusive part of the article is devoted to a review of the future perspectives in the direction of strongly correlated photon gases and of artificial gauge fields for photons. In particular, several mechanisms to obtain efficient photon blockade are presented, together with their application to the generation of novel quantum phases. © 2013 American Physical Society.
Castera L.,University Paris Diderot
Gastroenterology | Year: 2012
The prognosis and management of patients with chronic viral hepatitis B and C depend on the amount and progression of liver fibrosis and the risk for cirrhosis. Liver biopsy, traditionally considered to be the reference standard for staging of fibrosis, has been challenged over the past decade by the development of noninvasive methodologies. These methods rely on distinct but complementary approaches: a biologic approach, which quantifies serum levels of biomarkers of fibrosis, and a physical approach, which measures liver stiffness by ultrasound or magnetic resonance elastography. Noninvasive methods were initially studied and validated in patients with chronic hepatitis C but are now used increasingly for patients with hepatitis B, reducing the need for liver biopsy analysis. We review the advantages and limitations of the noninvasive methods used to manage patients with chronic viral hepatitis B or C infection. © 2012 AGA Institute.
Popot J.-L.,University Paris Diderot
Annual Review of Biochemistry | Year: 2010
Membrane proteins (MPs) are usually handled in aqueous solutions as protein/detergent complexes. Detergents, however, tend to be inactivating. This situation has prompted the design of alternative surfactants that can be substituted for detergents once target proteins have been extracted from biological membranes and that keep them soluble in aqueous buffers while stabilizing them. The present review focuses on three such systems: Amphipols (APols) are amphipathic polymers that adsorb onto the hydrophobic transmembrane surface of MPs; nanodiscs (NDs) are small patches of lipid bilayer whose rim is stabilized by amphipathic proteins; fluorinated surfactants (FSs) resemble detergents but interfere less than detergents do with stabilizing protein/protein and protein/lipid interactions. The structure and properties of each of these three systems are described, as well as those of the complexes they form with MPs. Their respective usefulness, constraints, and prospects for functional and structural studies of MPs are discussed. © 2010 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.